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Table 2 Comparison of URs (%) for plant parts used, preparations, and applications in Georgia and in Turkeya

From: Medicinal ethnobotany of wild plants: a cross-cultural comparison around Georgia-Turkey border, the Western Lesser Caucasus

Plant parts used UR (%) UR (%) Preparations UR (%) UR (%) Applications UR (%) UR (%)
Geo Tur Geo Tur Geo Tur
Leaves 26.66% 25.83% Infusion in water/milk/votka/oil/whey/sugar 47.99% 32.33% Drink 49.41% 37.01%
Aerial parts with flowers 17.77% 19.49% Decoction in water/milk/oil 22.63% 29.91% Plaster 15.76% 22.51%
Fruits 13.98% 10.27% Fresh or mixed with honey/olive/salt/another plant/beewax/spores/votka/yoghurt/resin 18.25% 23.72% Bath 15.05% 20.54%
Aerial parts 11.26% 11.78% Macerated 4.50% 7.70% Eat 11.02% 11.78%
Flowers 9.36% 8.46% Sweet dishes 2.37% 1.21% Gargle 4.38% 1.06%
Roots/bulbs 5.33% 5.89% Juice (fresh, vinegar) 1.54% 0.60% Chew 1.90% 3.02%
Resin 3.08% 7.10% Warmed on stove 1.18% 1.06% Inhalation 1.07% 2.42%
Seeds 1.54% 4.38% Burned 0.24% 1.96% Embrocation 0.83% 0.60%
Entire plant 3.44% 1.36% Ritual 0.71% 0.45% Headbands 0.24% 0.45%
Branches 1.42% 2.57% Dried and powdered 0.12% 0.76% Ritual 0.12% 0.45%
Young seed cones 1.42% 0.76% As vegetable (pickle, soup) 0.47% 0.30% Fumigate 0.15%
Pollen cones 1.66% 0.15%     Tamp 0.12%
Outer barks 1.54%     Beating of skin 0.12%
Sap 0.47% 0.76%       
Young seed cones and pollen cones 0.71%       
Inner barks 0.24% 0.30%       
Pericarp/husk 0.45%       
Aerial roots 0.30%       
Heartwood 0.12%       
Receptacles 0.15%       
  1. aNote that the information (words) in each row do not match with each other (see in Table 2 for the preparation and application of each plant part). Information was ranked in accordance of importance based on mean UR (%) values of the countries