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Table 2 Endangered and protected medicinal plants species used in traditional folk medicine in the region of South Tyrol according to [29]

From: Traditional medicinal plants in South Tyrol (northern Italy, southern Alps): biodiversity and use

Red-list status Count Species
Extinct 2 Eryngium amethystinum, Eryngium campestre
Critically endangered 1 Cetraria islandica, Mentha pulegium, Usnea barbata
Endangered 4 Cyanus segetum, Dipsacus fullonum, Marrubium vulgare, Rosa montana, Usnea dasypoga
Vulnerable 8 Adiantum capillus-venerisa, Allium ursinum, Gentiana luteab, Hyoscyamus niger, Ilex aquifoliuma, Anacamptis morioa, Primula matthiolia, Quercus robur
Near threatened 11 Althaea officinalis, Centaurium erythraeaa, Drosera rotundifoliaa, Galega officinalis, Leonurus cardiaca, Lilium bulbiferuma, Malva alcea, Menyanthes trifoliata, Nasturtium officinale, Nepeta cataria, Salix pentandra
Least concern 238 Abies albab, Aquilegia einseleanaa, Arnica montanab, Botrychium lunariaa, Cyclamen purpurascensa, Gentiana acaulisa, Gentiana punctataa, Lilium martagona, Lycopodium clavatumb, Primula auriculaa, Primula elatiora, Primula glutinosaa, Primula verisa, Primula vulgarisa, Anemone vernalisa, Ruscus aculeatusb
Data deficient 2 Alchemilla alpina, Alchemilla xanthochlora
Not evaluated 11 Aesculus hippocastanum, Fomitopsis officinalis, Lamium galeobdolon, Heracleum sphondylium, Lepidium sativum, Fomitopsis betulina, Ribes petraeum
  1. a = protected, and b = partially protected. See complete list in Appendix C