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Table 3 Medicinal use spectrum of traditional medicinal plants in South Tyrol, classified into 12 human disorder categories based on the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2) [44]. The category nutraceuticals is based on plants that have been reported as either being eaten or consumed as a beverage for their medicinal use

From: Traditional medicinal plants in South Tyrol (northern Italy, southern Alps): biodiversity and use

Disorders Plants Most frequent plant families Examples of plant species Nutraceutical food plants
Digestive 152 Asteraceae Achillea millefolium, Centaurium erythraea, Gentiana lutea, Peucedanum ostruthium 91
Skin 133 Asteraceae Chelidonium majus, Equisetum arvense, Hypericum perforatum, Plantago spp. 65
Respiratory 128 Asteraceae Cetraria islandica, Primula glutinosa, Pimpinella saxifraga, Pinus mugo 73
General and unspecified 102 Asteraceae Arnica montana, Pinus cembra, Pimpinella major, Thymus pulegioides 63
Musculoskeletal 93 Asteraceae Arnica montana, Larix decidua, Potentilla anserina, Stachys sylvatica, Symphytum officinale 43
Urology 80 Asteraceae Achillea moschata, Alchemilla alpina, Juniperus communis 45
Neurological 76 Asteraceae Crataegus monogyna, Humulus lupulus, Hypericum perforatum 34
Cardiovascular 74 Rosaceae Achillea millefolium, Allium spp., Crataegus monogyna, Leonurus cardiaca, Viscum album 51
Pregnancy, Childbirth, Family Planning 49 Asteraceae Adiantum capillus-veneris, Artemisia vulgaris, Geranium robertianum 33
Eye 29 Orobanchaceae Daucus carota, Euphrasia spp., Pimpinella saxifraga, 14
Endocrine/Metabolic and Nutritional 26 Rosaceae Cichorium intybus, Taraxacum campylodes 19
Psychological 19 Equisetaceae and Rosaceae Melissa officinalis, Pinus cembra, Valeriana officinalis, Sedum roseum 17