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Table 1 List of wild edible plants used by Dai, Hani, and Yao people in Jiangcheng County, Pu’er, Southwest, China

From: Ethnobotanical study on wild edible plants used by three trans-boundary ethnic groups in Jiangcheng County, Pu’er, Southwest China

Family name Scientific name Local namea Life form Used part Preparation and usage Voucher number WCb MSc UVd
Acanthaceae Dicliptera chinensis (L.) Juss. ya ke suo (D), nan lan (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Dye material to make red sticky rice C - 110 W N 0.39
Acanthaceae Thunbergia grandiflora (Rottl. ex Willd .) Roxb. za kuo luo kuo (H), lao gua dan (Y) Woody vine Flower Potherb; tea substitute C - 188 W N 0.21
Alismataceae Limnocharis flava (L.) Buch. an mu (H), gai jiu (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 111 W N 0.19
Alismataceae Sagittaria trifolia L. ya gan gai (D), de si de luo (H), gai jiu ding (Y) Herb Rhizome Potherb C - 187 W N 0.46
Amaranthaceae Alternanthera sessilis (L.) DC. pa biu (D), e luo er la (H) Herb Tender stem and leaf Salad C - 077 W N 0.14
Amaranthaceae Amaranthus blitum L. pa hong kei (D), mo tuo qi pu (H), jia gai hen (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 009 W Y 1
Amaranthaceae Amaranthus spinosus L. pa hong nan (D), gai hen lu (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 007 W Y 0.92
Amaranthaceae Amaranthus tricolor L. pa hong (D), mo tuo qi pu (H), gai heng (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 008 W, C Y 0.97
Amaranthaceae Amaranthus viridis L. pa hong kei (D), mo tuo qi pu (H), gai hen dong (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 105 W Y 0.99
Amaranthaceae Chenopodium album L. pa hong ge (D), nuo za (H), ma lan gai (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 103 W Y 0.95
Amaranthaceae Chenopodium ficifolium Smith pa hong ge (D), nuo za (H), ma lan gai (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 031 W Y 0.83
Anacardiaceae Choerospondias axillaris (Roxb.) B.L. Burtt & A.W. Hill mang men (D), biu la yang (Y) Tree Fruit Seasonal fruit; sour condiment C - 038 W N 0.61
Anacardiaceae Mangifera siamensis Warbg. ex Craib mong (D), mao mao si (H), dang lao gang (Y) Tree Fruit Seasonal fruit; salad C - 019 W Y 1
Anacardiaceae Mangifera sylvatica Roxb. mong wo (D), dong lao miu (Y) Tree Fruit Seasonal fruit; salad C - 195 W N 0.94
Anacardiaceae Rhus chinensis Mill. po (D), sheng bao che (H), ga fa biu (Y) Tree Fruit Sour condiment C - 054 W Y 0.88
Anacardiaceae Spondias pinnata (L. F.) Kurz guo (D), pi luo si (H), ga li le biu (Y) Tree Fruit; tender stem and leaf Potherb; sour condiment; liquor brewing C - 029 W, C Y 0.94
Apiaceae Centella asiatica (L.) Urban pa nuo (D), me kuo luo guo (H), da (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb; salad C - 011 W Y 0.96
Apiaceae Eryngium foetidum L. pa bong men pon (D), yan xu (H), long bia jing (Y) Herb Young leaf Spices C - 153 W, C Y 0.94
Apiaceae Heracleum bivittatum H. de Boissieu mu ling wong (Y) Herb Root Tonic soup C - 177 W N 0.1
Apiaceae Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC. wo guo wo luo (H), gai weng (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 194 W Y 0.64
Apocynaceae Amalocalyx microlobus Pierre xin ha (D), mu nuo qi cha (H), long rui biu (Y) Herbaceous vine Fruit Salad C - 116 W Y 0.98
Apocynaceae Dregea volubilis (Linnaeus f.) Bentham ex J. D. Hooker pa men (D), ku teng (H), ma ying mei (Y) Woody vine Flower; tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 193 W, C Y 0.94
Apocynaceae Urceola rosea (Hooker & Arnott) D. J. Middleton song long (D) Woody vine Tender stem and leaf Sour condiment C - 043 W N 0.27
Araceae Amorphophallus krausei Engler yi luo (D), gei ang (H), gui (Y) Herb Rhizome Potherb C - 156 W Y 0.96
Araceae Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott. bo rui (D), biu o (H), hou min deng (Y) Herb Rhizome; flower; petiole Potherb C - 051 C Y 0.98
Araceae Colocasia esculenta “Tonoimo” pei wan (D), biu wo (H), hou gun di (Y) Herb Rhizome; petiole Potherb C - 180 C Y 0.83
Araceae Colocasia fallax Schott bo rui (D), biu o (H), hou dan (Y) Herb Rhizome; petiole Potherb C - 068 W N 0.77
Araceae Colocasia gigantea (Blume) Hook. f. bo rui (D), you ti (H), hou bu (Y) Herb Petiole Potherb C - 084 W, C Y 0.9
Araceae Lasia spinosa (L.) Thwaites pa bo nan (D), ci bao cai (H), gian dei ai (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 131 W Y 0.93
Araliaceae Aralia armata (Wall.) Seem. pa dan (D), ci bao cai (H), dong gong yang (Y) Tree Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 055 W Y 0.61
Araliaceae Brassaiopsis glomerulata (Blume) Regel guo dan (D), ta bi ta la (H), dong gong lu (Y) Tree Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 152 W N 0.06
Araliaceae Eleutherococcus trifoliatus (L.) S.Y. Hu ha bing (D), wu jiao fu (H), ci wu jia (Y) Shrub Tender stem and leaf Potherb; salad C - 017 W, C Y 0.98
Araliaceae Macropanax dispermus (Blume) Kuntze a sa ding (Y) Tree Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 089 W Y 0.15
Araliaceae Panax japonicus (T. Nees) C. A. Meyer san qi (H), dang sa wang (Y) Herb Root Liquor brewing; tonic soup Z - 9429 W Y 0.15
Araliaceae Panax zingiberensis C.Y. Wu & K.M. Feng san qi (H), dang sa (Y) Herb Root Liquor brewing; tonic soup T - 44035 W Y 0.14
Araliaceae Trevesia palmata (Roxburgh ex Lindley) Visiani pa dan (D), dong gong lu (Y) Tree Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 070 W Y 0.17
Arecaceae Calamus henryanus Becc. wai (D), ge lan bie (Y) Herbaceous vine Tender stem heart Potherb C - 164 W N 0.05
Arecaceae Caryota maxima Blume ex Martius guo zhu (D), dong zong (H), dei din (Y) Tree Tender stem heart Potherb C - 173 W Y 0.86
Arecaceae Caryota obtusa Griffith guo bang (D), la wo ba ma (H), dei din (Y) Tree Tender stem heart Potherb C - 132 W Y 0.49
Arecaceae Livistona saribus (Lour.) Merr. ex A. Chev. ma guo (D), guo (Y) Tree Fruit Potherb C - 157 W Y 0.18
Asparagaceae Polygonatum cirrhifolium (Wallich) Royle ma wei gen (D), huo pi da guo (H), bing du jiang (Y) Herb Root Tonic soup C - 013 W, C Y 0.41
Asparagaceae Polygonatum kingianum Coll. et Hemsl. ma wei gen (D), huo pi da guo (H), bing du lu (Y) Herb Root Tonic soup C - 134 W, C Y 0.44
Asteraceae Arctium lappa L. niu ban zi gen (H), niu bang zi geng (Y) Herb Root Tonic soup C - 192 C Y 0.27
Asteraceae Bidens pilosa L. ya dong long (D), za qie mo (H), ma zhan (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 085 W N 0.76
Asteraceae Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore ya ge la (D), ming guo cao (H), dong ma gun (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 006 W Y 0.93
Asteraceae Elephantopus scaber L. ya din dian (D), bo ga ga sa (H), ma bie min (Y) Herb Root Tonic soup C - 140 W Y 0.56
Asteraceae Gynura divaricata (L.) DC. pa bong bang (D) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 170 W, C N 0.06
Asteraceae Sonchus oleraceus L. ku mei cai (Y) Herb Young leaf Potherb C - 080 W N 0.11
Athyriaceae Diplazium esculentum (Retz.) Sm. guo gun (D), de pi (H), jiao gai (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 049 W Y 0.96
Athyriaceae Diplazium esculentum var. pubescens Tardeiu et C. Chr. pa guo (D), da guo guo me (H), jiao gai lu (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 086 W N 0.36
Balsaminaceae Impatiens mengtszeana J. D. Hooker ya die da (D), la you (H), gei gai (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 088 W N 0.24
Basellaceae Anredera cordifolia (Tenore) Steenis pa bang (D), mei dang sha (Y) Herbaceous vine Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 041 W, C Y 0.21
Begoniaceae Begonia augustinei Hemsl. pa gan song (D), pa che e ge (H), a ei (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf; stem Potherb; sour condiment C - 214 W N 0.76
Begoniaceae Begonia longifolia Blume pa gan song (D), yao me che ge (H), a ei dan (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf; stem Potherb; sour condiment C - 087 W N 0.68
Begoniaceae Begonia silletensis subsp. mengyangensis Tebbitt & K. Y. Guan pa gan song (D), yao me che ge (H), a ei lu (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf; stem Potherb; sour condiment C - 167 W N 0.72
Bignoniaceae Markhamia stipulata (Wall.) Seem. lao gei (D), xie xie a yi (H), mao dei fan (Y) Tree Flower; fruit Potherb C - 072 W N 0.59
Bignoniaceae Markhamia stipulata var. kerrii Sprague lao gei (D), xie xie a yi (H), mao dei fan (Y) Tree Flower; fruit Potherb C - 138 W N 0.6
Bignoniaceae Mayodendron igneum (Kurz) Kurz lao bie (D), guo te guo me a ye (H), nia long fan (Y) Tree Flower Potherb C - 027 W Y 0.99
Bignoniaceae Oroxylum indicum (L.) Bentham ex Kurz lin deng a (D), bu gu bu lie (H), dao din (Y) Tree Flower; fruit; tender stem and leaf Potherb; salad C - 189 W, C Y 0.97
Boraginaceae Trichodesma calycosum Coll. et Hemsl. mao duo da (D), deng long fang (Y) Shrub Flower Potherb C - 109 W Y 0.39
Brassicaceae Cardamine hirsuta L. wang ye gai (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 097 W N 0.19
Brassicaceae Nasturtium officinale R. Br. pa nan (D), ye qing cai (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 100 W Y 0.71
Brassicaceae Rorippa indica (L.) Hiern pa ya guo mu (D) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 081 W N 0.28
Cabombaceae Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel. pong (D), xin ga la mo (H) Herb Young leaf Potherb W - 81210 W N 0.25
Campanulaceae Codonopsis javanica (Blume) Hook.f. & Thomson ma gong gui (D), ya li bo me (H), nian bao biu (Y) Herb Root; tender stem and leaf Tonic soup; potherb C - 191 W Y 0.66
Campanulaceae Lobelia nummularia Lam. dong ke (D), di si liu (H), long nan ma (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Tonic soup C - 091 W Y 0.94
Capparaceae Crateva unilocularis Buchanan-Hamilton pa gong (D), wo ni kuo tuo luo (H), zhai niao gai (Y) Tree Tender stem and leaf Salad C - 005 W, C Y 0.95
Caricaceae Carica papaya L. gui su bao (D), me mao si (H), jin gua biu (Y) Tree Fruit Salad; potherb C - 016 W, C Y 0.94
Caryophyllaceae Brachystemma calycinum D. Don ya ying ren (D), pi si li guo (H), du sha ma (Y) Herb Root Tonic soup C - 101 W Y 0.44
Clusiaceae Garcinia cowa Roxb. guo da (D), yi ka bu duo si (H), ke diu biu (Y) Tree Fruit Seasonal fruit C - 213 W N 0.44
Commelinaceae Commelina communis L. ya song (D), wa you (H), dang dai (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 033 W N 0.18
Commelinaceae Streptolirion volubile Edgew. bi (D), dang dai lu (Y) Herbaceous vine Inflorescence Potherb C - 210 W N 0.11
Costaceae Cheilocostus speciosus (J.Koenig) C.D.Specht mai eng (D), mi jie (H), mu long dong bia (Y) Herb Young shoot Potherb C - 073 W N 0.09
Cucurbitaceae Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt ma dian lu (D), ni qi pi li po luo (H) Herbaceous vine Fruit Potherb C - 166 C N 0.47
Cucurbitaceae Cucumis hystrix Chakr. dian song (D), a yao shuo kuo (H), lu gua biu (Y) Herbaceous vine Fruit Salad C - 215 W Y 0.81
Cucurbitaceae Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino lei ya zha kuo (H), gai ya (Y) Herbaceous vine Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 039 W Y 0.49
Cucurbitaceae Hodgsonia heteroclita (Roxb.) Hook. f. et Thomson man mo (D), er pi duo luo (H), geng gua mei biu (Y) Herbaceous vine Seed Nut C - 147 W Y 0.7
Cucurbitaceae Momordica subangulata Blume huai (D), ku gua (H), lu gua yong biu (Y) Herbaceous vine Fruit Potherb C - 118 W N 0.71
Cycadaceae Cycas pectinata Buchanan-Hamilton guo gu (D), da gu (H) Tree Young leaf Potherb C - 092 W, C N 0.12
Dennstaedtiaceae Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (Desv.)Underw.ex Heller guo gun (D), da gu guo yao (H), jiao (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 034 W Y 0.79
Dennstaedtiaceae Pteridium revolutum (Blume) Nakai guo gun (D), da gu guo ma (H), jiao lu (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 178 W Y 0.74
Dilleniaceae Dillenia indica L. san (D), si pi luo me (H), bia huo biu (Y) Tree Fruit Salad C - 106 W N 0.83
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea alata L. man bo (D), cao bao me (H), dei ling liu (Y) Herbaceous vine Rhizome Potherb C - 130 W Y 0.75
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea bulbifera L. yi bao (D), ka la si (H), lu gong lai biu (Y) Herbaceous vine Rhizome Potherb C - 184 W N 0.28
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea esculenta var. spinosa (Roxb.ex Prain et Burkill) R.Knuth man nan (D), me ci (H), duo bing liu (Y) Herbaceous vine Rhizome Potherb C - 165 C Y 0.84
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea fordii Prain & Burkill man nei (D), me ka (H), le lan gun (Y) Herbaceous vine Rhizome Potherb C - 129 W Y 0.62
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea pentaphylla L. yi bao (D), de de (H), dui yi bao (Y) Herbaceous vine Rhizome Potherb C - 115 W N 0.51
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea yunnanensis Prain & Burkill man nei (D), a niu (H), lui wie (Y) Herbaceous vine Rhizome Potherb C - 209 W N 0.45
Elaeagnaceae Elaeagnus conferta Roxb. luan (D), mu long ning biu (Y) Woody vine Fruit Salad C - 082 W, C Y 0.96
Elaeocarpaceae Elaeocarpus austroyunnanensis Hu dao du biu (Y) Tree Fruit Seasonal fruit C - 146 W Y 0.45
Ericaceae Vaccinium exaristatum Kurz ma di (D), a me te li (H), ge die yang (Y) Tree Fruit; tender stem and leaf Seasonal fruit; potherb C - 154 W N 0.72
Ericaceae Vaccinium harmandianum Dop a mu te lie (H), ge die yang (Y) Tree Fruit; flower; tender stem and leaf Potherb; seasonal fruit C - 117 W N 0.53
Erythropalaceae Erythropalum scandens Blume gai yang (Y) Woody vine Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 197 W Y 0.13
Euphorbiaceae Euphorbia neriifolia L. k li ma (D), si lei bo dong (H), long gua (Y) Tree Stem Tonic soup C - 202 W, C N 0.42
Euphorbiaceae Manihot esculenta Crantz men niu (D), la bi mu (H), jian lui (Y) Shrub Rhizome; tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 018 W, C Y 0.83
Fabaceae Acacia concinna (Willd.) DC. song bai (D) Woody vine Tender stem and leaf Potherb; sour condiment C - 150 W, C N 0.23
Fabaceae Acacia pennata (L.) Willd. pa ge da (D), tao pu (H), miao tei (Y) Woody vine Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 199 W, C Y 0.99
Fabaceae Afgekia filipes (Dunn) R. Geesink luo pai wang (D), mie yi (H), mei bie fang (Y) Woody vine Flower Potherb C - 045 W Y 0.94
Fabaceae Bauhinia variegata var. candida (Roxb.) Voigt luo ke xiu (D), qie ti er yi (H), yang bian fang (Y) Tree Flower Potherb C - 025 W Y 0.99
Fabaceae Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. tu ye (D), ne qie ke lie (H), de bei nie jian (Y) Shrub Seed Potherb C - 159 W N 0.37
Fabaceae Crotalaria pallida Ait. ma chong chan (D), za kuo luo kuo (H), ge ling lu (Y) Herb Flower Potherb C - 037 W N 0.2
Fabaceae Erythrina subumbrans (Hassk.) Merr. guo dong (D), ke xie a yi (H), mu long gian (Y) Tree Flower Potherb C - 208 W N 0.28
Fabaceae Millettia pachycarpa Benth. shu nan yi (H), lai mei (Y) Woody vine Flower Potherb C - 056 W N 0.02
Fabaceae Mucuna macrocarpa Wall. ke tuo (D), ne qi a yi (H), gua la lu (Y) Woody vine Flower Potherb C - 145 W N 0.39
Fabaceae Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC. ne qi a yi (H), mei lan (Y) Herbaceous vine Flower Potherb C - 046 W N 0.27
Fabaceae Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urb. huo guo den (D), di le bu (H), ni ge ba (Y) Herbaceous vine Rhizome Seasonal fruit; potherb C - 162 C Y 1
Fabaceae Pueraria montana (Loureiro) Merrill ke bie (D), qi guo (H), mei bie (Y) Herbaceous vine Root Potherb C - 050 W, C Y 0.9
Gnetaceae Gnetum montanum Markgraf ke mei (D), pai li guo (H), ge mai mei(Y) Woody vine Seed Nut C - 067 W Y 0.64
Hydroleaceae Hydrolea zeylanica (L.) Vahl pa bu yin (D), huang shang dang (H) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 206 W Y 0.58
Lamiaceae Clerodendrum chinense var. simplex (Moldenke) S.L. Chen bei bing (D), de ga pa me (H), gong mie gian (Y) Shrub Young leaf Potherb; Salad C - 065 W N 0.47
Lamiaceae Clerodendrum japonicum (Thunb.) Sweet bei bing (D), de ga pa me (H) Shrub Flower Salad; potherb; tonic soup C - 137 W, C Y 0.34
Lamiaceae Elsholtzia blanda (Bentham) Bentham ya you man nuai (D), lu gu me (H), dan mie (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Tea substitute C - 127 W N 0.45
Lamiaceae Elsholtzia kachinensis Prain pa leng (D), mi ge li guo (H), ma de dan (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Salad; potherb C - 075 W, C Y 1
Lamiaceae Elsholtzia rugulosa Hemsley pu la huo (D), ni ke ni ne (H), bu da za (Y) Shrub Tender stem and leaf Tea substitute C - 112 W N 0.78
Lamiaceae Gmelina arborea Roxb. luo suo (D), a yi huo si (H) Tree Flower Dye material to make brown sticky rice C - 171 W, C N 0.36
Lamiaceae Leonurus japonicus Houttuyn yi mu cao (H, Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb; tonic soup C - 205 W Y 0.17
Lamiaceae Mentha canadensis L. zha hong leng (D), lao su ba kuo (H) Herb Tender stem and leaf Spices C - 211 W N 0.4
Lamiaceae Mentha crispata Schrader ex Willdenow huo leng (D), luo ci bo kuo (H), ma du lu (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Spices C - 074 C Y 1
Lamiaceae Ocimum basilicum L. gong guo (D), yi ge sa lan (H), jun gai (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Spices C - 079 W, C Y 0.95
Lamiaceae Ocimum basilicum var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth. gan guo ten (D), ei se sa la (H) Herb Tender stem and leaf Spices C - 114 W N 0.35
Lauraceae Cinnamomum parthenoxylon (Jack) Meisner mai dang hu (D), shi xiao si (H), ge long jiang (Y) Tree Fruit Spices C - 094 W, C N 0.14
Lauraceae Cinnamomum subavenium Miq. guo bai san (D), cuo pi cuo guo luo (H), ge long jiang(Y) Tree Bark Spices C - 124 W N 0.29
Lauraceae Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers. guo sai kai teng (D), si xiao si (H), ge zhang mu jiang (Y) Tree Fruit Spices C - 095 W Y 0.94
Lygodiaceae Lygodium salicifolium Presl pa guo (D), da guo (H), bu gu jiao (Y) Herbaceous vine Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 158 W N 0.17
Malvaceae Bombax ceiba L. guan niu (D), yi ka bu duo si (H), mu mian yang (Y) Tree Seed; flower Nut; Potherb C - 201 W N 0.2
Melanthiaceae Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis (Franchet) Handel-Mazzetti chong le (D), chong lou (H, Y) Herb Root Tonic soup C - 172 W, C Y 0.53
Melastomataceae Melastoma malabathricum L. guo gao (D), bi bi nan nan (H), bu zhang yang (Y) Shrub Fruit Seasonal fruit C - 048 W N 0.67
Meliaceae Toona sinensis (A. Juss.) Roem. fu mei rong (D), ye bu (H), xiang chun (Y) Tree Tender stem and leaf Potherb; salad C - 169 W, C Y 0.94
Menispermaceae Parabaena sagittata Miers pan nan (D), xin ga la mo (H), gai mei (Y) Herbaceous vine Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 064 W Y 1
Moraceae Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. ma mi (D), mi duo luo (H), long di biu (Y) Tree Fruit Seasonal fruit C - 161 C Y 0.99
Moraceae Broussonetia papyrifera (Linnaeus) L'Heritier ex Ventenat guo sha (D), na sha er zi (H), rou yang (Y) Tree Flower; tender stem and leaf; fruit Potherb C - 212 W N 0.33
Moraceae Ficus auriculata Lour. pa wa (D), na sha er zi (H), long o biu (Y) Tree Tender stem and leaf; fruit Potherb; seasonal fruit C - 071 W, C Y 0.93
Moraceae Ficus racemosa L. guo de (D), mo luo si (H), ge long bie biu (Y) Tree Tender stem and leaf; fruit Potherb C - 144 W N 0.31
Moraceae Ficus semicordata Buch.-Ham. ex J. E. Smith nua (D), si guo si (H), bu luo biu (Y) Tree Fruit Seasonal fruit C - 057 W N 0.9
Moraceae Ficus virens Aiton pa luo (D), nuo na zi (H), ge bpong yang (Y) Tree Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 198 W, C Y 0.93
Moraceae Morus alba L. mang men (D), shuo zi a bu (H), meng shou nan yang (Y) Tree Fruit; tender stem and leaf Seasonal fruit; Potherb; liquor brewing C - 002 W, C Y 0.93
Musaceae Ensete glaucum (Roxb.) Cheesm. a pa duo gei (H), di bo (Y) Herb Tender stem heart Potherb C - 076 W, C Y 0.61
Musaceae Musa acuminata Colla bi (D), an pe (H), di ban (Y) Herb Flower; tender stem heart Potherb C - 069 W Y 0.9
Musaceae Musa basjoo Siebold & Zuccarini gui he (D), a si (H), biao diu (Y) Herb Fruit; flower; tender stem heart Seasonal fruit; potherb C - 204 C Y 1
Musaceae Musa itinerans Cheesman bi (D), an ne (H), diu di (Y) Herb Flower; tender stem heart Potherb C - 136 W Y 0.99
Musaceae Musa yunnanensis Hakkinen & H. Wang bi (D), an pe (H), di bu (Y) Herb Flower; tender stem heart Potherb C - 059 W Y 0.89
Orchidaceae Anthogonium gracile Lindl. pa lai bo (D), guo si guo nuo (H), xiao bai ji (Y) Herb Rhizome Tonic soup C - 183 W, C Y 0.35
Orchidaceae Dendrobium crepidatum Lindl. ex Paxton luan nan gai (D), huang cao (H), me dao ying (Y) Herb Stem; flower Tea substitute; liquor brewing; tonic soup C - 174 W, C Y 0.51
Orchidaceae Dendrobium cucullatum R. Br. ex Lindl. luan nan gai (D), huang cao (H), me dao lu (Y) Herb Stem; flower Tea substitute; liquor brewing; tonic soup C - 123 W, C Y 0.52
Orchidaceae Dendrobium devonianum Paxton luan nan gai (D), huang cao (H), me dao dang (Y) Herb Stem Tea substitute; liquor brewing; tonic soup C - 122 W, C Y 0.51
Orchidaceae Dendrobium nobile Lindl. luan nan gai (D), huang cao (H), me dao lu (Y) Herb Stem; flower Tea substitute; liquor brewing; tonic soup C - 128 W, C Y 0.52
Oxalidaceae Oxalis corniculata L. pa yuan (D), an ni ze che (H), ma bian (Y) Herb Young leaf Potherb C - 014 W N 0.5
Passifloraceae Adenia cardiophylla (Mast.) Engl. ma ti ga (D), a guo cha ba (H) Herbaceous vine Tender stem and leaf Salad C - 148 W N 0.28
Passifloraceae Passiflora caerulea Linnaeus nuo wang wai (D), lao fan guo (H), luo han biu (Y) Herbaceous vine Tender stem and leaf; fruit Potherb; seasonal fruit C - 179 W, C Y 1
Phyllanthaceae Antidesma acidum Retz. guo hua (D), pa che e si (H) Tree Tender stem and leaf; fruit Salad; seasonal fruit C - 149 W N 0.31
Phyllanthaceae Baccaurea ramiflora Loureiro fai (D), si shuo si (H), men lai biu (Y) Tree Fruit Seasonal fruit; salad C - 060 W, C Y 0.99
Phyllanthaceae Bischofia javanica Blume gao (D), si pu ge lie (H), ge ben jian (Y) Tree Tender stem and leaf; fruit Potherb; sour condiment C - 058 W N 0.81
Phyllanthaceae Glochidion sphaerogynum (Müll. Arg.) Kurz guan lei (D), wa lu jie pi (H) Tree Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 030 W N 0.52
Phyllanthaceae Phyllanthus emblica L. ma bo (D), si cuo si (H), nia gong biu (Y) Tree Fruit; bark Seasonal fruit; salad; liquor brewing C - 200 W Y 0.99
Phyllanthaceae Sauropus androgynus (L.) Merr. pa wan (D), qi du (H), shu tian cai (Y) Shrub Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 004 C Y 0.96
Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca acinosa Roxb. ni zhuo mo (H) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 104 W N 0.13
Piperaceae Piper flaviflorum C. DC. ke pian (D), ke duo ye (H), lao mei (Y) Woody vine Stem; tender stem and leaf Spices; potherb C - 096 W N 0.12
Piperaceae Piper sarmentosum Roxb. pa die (D) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 098 W, C N 0.26
Plantaginaceae Limnophila rugosa (Roth) Merrill shui ba guo (H), lan ba bo he (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Spices C - 190 W N 0.25
Plantaginaceae Plantago asiatica L. ya yin ren (D), a mei ye (H), ma dei gan (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 023 W Y 0.36
Poaceae Bambusa lapidea McClure nuo piu (D), wo bu (H), lao jing (Y) Herb Bamboo Potherb C - 175 W, C N 0.51
Poaceae Cymbopogon citratus (D. C.) Stapf sa kai (D), po pi (H), ge lao dang (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Spices C - 022 C Y 0.91
Poaceae Dendrocalamus barbatus var. internodiradicatus Hsueh & D. Z. Li mei huo (D), wo ne (H), lao bie (Y) Bamboo Bamboo Potherb C - 217 W, C Y 1
Poaceae Dendrocalamus brandisii (Munro) Kurz mai wang (D), wo chi (H), lao gan (Y) Bamboo Bamboo Potherb C - 062 W, C Y 0.98
Poaceae Dendrocalamus giganteus Munro mai sang (D), wo pu (H), lao bu bie (Y) Bamboo Bamboo Potherb C - 176 W, C Y 0.85
Poaceae Dendrocalamus hamiltonii Nees & Arn. ex Munro mai bo (D), wo chi (H), lao gang (Y) Bamboo Bamboo Potherb C - 160 W, C Y 1
Poaceae Dendrocalamus membranaceus Munro mai ya (D), cha chu (H), lao gang (Y) Bamboo Bamboo Potherb C - 181 W, C Y 0.98
Poaceae Dendrocalamus semiscandens Hsueh & D.Z. Li mai huo (D), wo nang (H), lao bai (Y) Bamboo Bamboo Potherb C - 120 W Y 0.85
Poaceae Imperata cylindrica (Linnaeus) Raeuschel ya ha (D), yi ke (H), gan (Y) Herb Root Seasonal fruit C - 032 W N 0.39
Poaceae Indosasa singulispicula T.H. Wen mai kong (D), a ka bi (H), lao dong (Y) Bamboo Bamboo Potherb C - 182 W, C Y 0.99
Poaceae Indosasa sinica C.D. Chu & C.S. Chao mai kong (D), a kuo kuo me (H), lao bao (Y) Bamboo Bamboo Potherb C - 121 W, C Y 0.96
Poaceae Pleioblastus amarus (Keng) Keng f. nuo kong (D), a ka bi (H), lao dang ying (Y) Bamboo Bamboo Potherb C - 207 W, C Y 1
Poaceae Pseudostachyum polymorphum Munro nuo hei (D), pe (H), lao di (Y) Bamboo Bamboo Potherb C - 125 W N 0.65
Poaceae Thysanolaena latifolia (Roxb. ex Hornem.) Honda king er (D), me bu (H), ge lao mie (Y) Herb Tender stem heart Potherb C - 052 W N 0.83
Polygonaceae Fagopyrum dibotrys (D. Don) Hara pa ge mong (D), luo zhuo guo (H), gai dui long (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb; sour condiment C - 099 W Y 0.98
Polygonaceae Polygonum chinense L. song bie (D), yao me chou ge (H), dang dun (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb; sour condiment C - 061 W N 0.81
Polygonaceae Polygonum viscosum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don han fai (D), e nuo si pi (H), ma liu (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Spices C - 102 C Y 0.97
Pontederiaceae Monochoria korsakowii Regel & Maack pa hen (D), an mu (H), gai jiu ding (Y) Herb Young leaf Potherb C - 185 W N 0.38
Pontederiaceae Monochoria vaginalis (N. L. Burman) C. Presl ex Kunth pa hen (D), an mu (H), gai jiu (Y) Herb Young leaf Potherb C - 133 W N 0.63
Portulacaceae Portulaca oleracea L. pa bo liang (D), an ni ze che (H), ma ci xian (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 010 W N 0.37
Primulaceae Ardisia solanacea Roxb. pa lei(D) Tree Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 036 W N 0.16
Primulaceae Embelia ribes N. L. Burman an li ge si (H), gang dui biu (Y) Woody vine Fruit; tender stem and leaf Seasonal fruit; salad C - 044 W N 0.55
Rosaceae Docynia delavayi (Franch.) Schneid. guo mian (D), si pi er si (H), biu meng yang (Y) Tree Fruit Salad C - 107 W, C Y 0.99
Rosaceae Pyrus pashia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don guo kei gai (D), zha shuo si li (H), tang liu guo (Y) Tree Fruit; flower Seasonal fruit; potherb C - 168 W Y 0.8
Rubiaceae Canthium horridum Blume ma kao nei (D), ya dai si (H), ning zhou jian (Y) Tree Fruit Potherb C - 040 W N 0.43
Rubiaceae Galium elegans Wallich guo gan nuai (D) Herb Root Tonic soup C - 141 W N 0.03
Rubiaceae Paederia foetida L. ke dun ma (D), ye kuo bu duo (H), gu fa mei (Y) Herbaceous vine Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 126 W N 0.3
Rutaceae Zanthoxylum acanthopodium DC. ga (D), mo zi la (H), za bu ga biu (Y) Tree Fruit Spices C - 142 W N 0.65
Rutaceae Zanthoxylum armatum DC. bu ga (D), za la (H), lu ga jian (Y) Tree Fruit; tender stem and leaf Spices C - 021 W, C Y 0.96
Rutaceae Zanthoxylum myriacanthum var. pubescens (C.C. Huang) C.C. Huang ma king (D) Tree Fruit Spices C - 196 W, C Y 0.19
Rutaceae Zanthoxylum scandens Blume o ne e bi ne si (H), wei (Y) Woody vine Fruit Spices C - 108 W N 0.15
Sabiaceae Meliosma arnottiana (Wight) Walp. ye jia yang (Y) Tree Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 151 W N 0.28
Saururaceae Houttuynia cordata Thunb. pa huai (D), ke sa li guo (H), lu lin gai (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Salad; tea substitute C - 047 W, C Y 0.99
Schisandraceae Schisandra henryi subsp. yunnanensis (A. C. Smith) R. M. K. Saunders ga zi ga nuo (H), dong jing dan (Y) Woody vine Fruit Seasonal fruit C - 093 W N 0.24
Scrophulariaceae Buddleja officinalis Maximowicz luo fan (D), a yi huo si (H), nan wan fan (Y) Tree Flower Dye material to make yellow sticky rice C - 042 Y 0.86
Solanaceae Solanum americanum Miller pa ding (D), ku li ba sa (H), gai ge liu (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 083 W Y 1
Solanaceae Solanum nigrum L. pa ding (D), ku li ba sa (H), gai ge liu (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 028 W Y 0.98
Solanaceae Solanum spirale Roxburgh pa lie (D), ku liao liao ye (H), gai ge lei lu (Y) Shrub Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 078 W, C N 0.36
Solanaceae Solanum torvum Swartz liang lao (D), mo si kuo (H), ge lan biu (Y) Shrub Fruit Potherb C - 003 W Y 0.96
Solanaceae Solanum undatum Lamarck ke kua (D), ni ga zi (H), ge lan (Y) Shrub Fruit Potherb; salad C - 139 W, C Y 0.73
Solanaceae Solanum violaceum Ortega lian huo (D), si kuo kao yao (H), ge lan di (Y) Shrub Fruit Potherb C - 163 W N 0.17
Urticaceae Elatostema dissectum Weddell dong ma wang (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 119 W N 0.12
Urticaceae Girardinia diversifolia (Link) Friis han zhan (D), pa bie (H), mu la (Y) Herb Tender stem and leaf Potherb C - 143 W N 0.37
Zingiberaceae Alpinia blepharocalyx K. Schum. ma ga (D), ge bo bao (Y) Herb Inflorescence Potherb C - 063 W N 0.39
Zingiberaceae Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd. ha (D), mi pi duo pu (H), jiang miao (Y) Herb Young shoot; rhizome Potherb; spices C - 203 W N 0.72
Zingiberaceae Amomum coriandriodorum S. Q. Tong & Y. M. Xia guo hao (D), cao guo (H), ya ma hao (Y) Herb Young leaf Spices C - 113 W, C Y 0.49
Zingiberaceae Amomum koenigii J. F. Gmelin ma guo (D), mi jie (H), ge bo biu (Y) Herb Fruit Seasonal fruit C - 186 W N 0.5
Zingiberaceae Amomum maximum Roxb. ma guo (D), mi jie (H), ge bo di (Y) Herb Fruit Seasonal fruit C - 155 W Y 0.83
Zingiberaceae Amomum villosum Lour. mang nian (D), sha ren (H), sha ren (Y) Herb Young shoot; fruit Seasonal fruit; tonic soup C - 066 W, C Y 0.55
Zingiberaceae Etlingera yunnanensis (T. L. Wu & S. J. Chen) R. M. Smith hen dun (D), mi jie (H), ge bo (Y) Herb Young shoot Potherb C - 216 W N 0.2
Zingiberaceae Zingiber orbiculatum S. Q. Tong nuo eng (D), suo ya mi jie (H), ge bo bu (Y) Herb Young shoot Potherb C - 135 W Y 0.96
  1. The order of plants in this table is followed alphabetically by family, and then by species
  2. The taxonomic circumscriptions of plant families and species followed the APG IV system
  3. The local names with bold font resembled those in Mandarin or local Chinese dialects
  4. aD Dai language, H Hani language, Y Yao language
  5. bWC wild or cultivated
  6. cMS market selling, Y yes, N no
  7. dUV use value