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Table 5 The top 30 most important wild edible plants recommended for cultivation, conservation, and sustainable use

From: Ethnobotanical study on wild edible plants used by three trans-boundary ethnic groups in Jiangcheng County, Pu’er, Southwest China

Family name Scientific name TSLCHPa NPLCb IUCNc Elephantd UVe
Anacardiaceae Mangifera siamensis Warbg. ex Craib EN     1.00
Anacardiaceae Mangifera sylvatica Roxb. EN 2 EN Y 0.94
Anacardiaceae Spondias pinnata (L. F.) Kurz     Y 0.94
Apocynaceae Amalocalyx microlobus Pierre     Y 0.98
Araliaceae Panax zingiberensis C.Y. Wu & K.M. Feng EN 1 EN   0.14
Arecaceae Caryota obtusa Griffith VU 2   Y 0.49
Bignoniaceae Mayodendron igneum (Kurz) Kurz     Y 0.99
Bignoniaceae Oroxylum indicum (L.) Bentham ex Kurz     Y 0.97
Cabombaceae Brasenia schreberi J.F. Gmel. CR 1 CR   0.25
Cycadaceae Cycas pectinata Buchanan-Hamilton VU 1 VU Y 0.12
Dilleniaceae Dillenia indica L. EN    Y 0.83
Elaeocarpaceae Elaeocarpus austroyunnanensis Hu VU     0.45
Euphorbiaceae Baccaurea ramiflora Loureiro     Y 0.99
Fabaceae Acacia pennata (L.) Willd.     Y 0.99
Fabaceae Bauhinia variegata var. candida (Roxb.) Voigt     Y 0.99
Menispermaceae Parabaena sagittata Miers     Y 1.00
Moraceae Ficus auriculata Lour.     Y 0.93
Moraceae Ficus virens Aiton     Y 0.93
Moraceae Morus alba L.     Y 0.93
Orchidaceae Dendrobium chrysanthum Wall. ex Lindl. VU 1 VU   0.52
Orchidaceae Dendrobium crepidatum Lindl. ex Paxton EN 1 EN   0.51
Orchidaceae Dendrobium cucullatum R. Br. ex Lindl. VU     0.52
Orchidaceae Dendrobium devonianum Paxton EN 1 EN   0.51
Poaceae Dendrocalamus hamiltonii Nees & Arn. ex Munro     Y 1.00
Poaceae Pleioblastus amarus (Keng) Keng f.     Y 1.00
Polygonaceae Fagopyrum dibotrys (D. Don) Hara     Y 0.98
Rutaceae Zanthoxylum myriacanthum var. pubescens (C.C. Huang) C.C. Huang VU     0.19
Solanaceae Solanum torvum Swartz     Y 0.96
Lamiaceae Gmelina arborea Roxb. VU     0.36
Zingiberaceae Etlingera yunnanensis (T. L. Wu & S. J. Chen) R. M. Smith VU 2    0.20
  1. aTSLCHP Threated Species List of China’s Higher Plants, EN endangered, VU vulnerable, CR is critically endangered, “-” means not included or data deficiency
  2. bNPLC National Protection level in China
  3. cIUCN is the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
  4. dAsian elephant forage plants; Y yes
  5. eUV use value