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Table 3 Forms of NUS consumption by gardeners from urban gardens of Salvador, Brazil, 2019

From: Urban gardening and neglected and underutilized species in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

Plant Consumed part Ways to prepare Preparations
Vegetable/seasoninga
Amaranthus deflexus L. Leaf Cooked and sautéed Cooked with other NUS; cooked with beans or meat; sautéed with condiments
Averrhoa bilimbi L. Leaf Condiment Condiment for chicken preparations
Basella alba L. Leaf Raw, cooked and sautéed Raw and/or cooked salads; omelets; salty pies; soups; sautéed rice; braised with condiments
Brassica juncea (L.) Czern Leaf Sautéed Sautéed with seasonings (similar to the preparation of cauliflower); sautéed and added in the preparation of farofa
Cucumis anguria L. Fruit Cooked and sautéed Cooked with meat or chicken; Sautéed with condiments
Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (Mill.) I.M. Johnst. Leaf Sautéed Sautéed with seasonings (similar to the preparation of cauliflower); sautéed and added in the preparation of farofa
Eryngium foetidum L. Leaf Condiment Condiment for the preparation of fish in general and for moqueca
Moringa oleifera Lam. Leaf Raw, cooked and juice Raw salad; preparation for cakes and breads; juices and shakes.
Ocimum gratissimum L. Leaf Cooked and as condiment Cooked with beans; seasoning for the preparation of various recipes with chicken and meat
Pereskia aculeata Mill. Leaf Raw, cooked and sautéed Raw salads; omelets; cooked with chicken; salty pies; pâté; sautéed rice; braised with condiments
Coleus amboinicus Lour. Leaf Raw, juice and as condiment Raw salads; green juice; seasoning for the preparation of meat, fish, and chicken in general and for various preparations such as boiled chicken and beans
Portulaca oleracea L. Leaf Raw and cooked Raw salads; cooked with beans or chicken.
Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi Fruit Condiment Spice for various dishes (similar to black pepper)
Solanum stramoniifolium Jacq. Fruit Raw Raw Salads
Talinum fruticosum (L.) Juss. Leaf Cooked and sautéed Cooked with beans or shrimp and/or pepperoni sausage; sautéed with seasonings; braised with eggs or shrimps
Trichosanthes cucumerina L. Fruit Raw, cooked and sautéed Raw salads; cooked or sautéed with condiments
Xanthosoma taioba E.G. Gonç. Leaf Cooked and sautéed As an ingredient in stew; braised with condiments
Legumesa
Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth Seed Cooked Cooked with spices and sometimes with meat (similar to basic bean preparations)
Fruita
Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & L.M. Perry Fruit Raw Consumed in natura, as fruit
  1. aFood category