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Table 8 Edible fauna in archaeological evidence from 12,000 B.P. to 500 B.P. and its current type of use in the TCV

From: Use and management of wild fauna by people of the Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Valley and surrounding areas, Mexico

AnimalTimeCurrent use
 12,000 BP–9000 BP10,00BP–8700BP8500BP–7000BP7000BP–5500BP5500BP–4300BP4300BP–3500BP3500BP–3000BP3000BP–2200BP2200BP–1300 PB1300BP–500BPEdibleMedicinalOrnamentalPetsOthers
Equuus sp. Linnaeus, 1758ax              
cf. Antilocapra americana (Ord, 1815)ax              
Lepus sp. Linnaeus, 1758ax  x           
Large foxax              
Small ground squirrel, chipmunk or prairie dogax              
Gopherus cf. berlandieri (Agassiz, 1857)ax              
Quailax xx   x       
Canis latrans Say, 1823bx  x  x   x   x
Spilogale sp.Gray, 1865bx xxxx xxx x  x
Mephitis sp.É. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire & F. G. Cuvier, 1795bx       xx x   
Bassariscus sp.Coues, 1887bx         x x  
Conepatus sp.Gray, 1837bxxx x   xx  x  
Sylvilagus spp.Gray, 1837bxxxxxxxxxxx xxx
Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann, 1780 b xxxx xxxxxxx  
Colinus virginianus Linnaeus, 1758b x        x    
Pecari tajacu Linnaeus, 1758b  xxx xxxxxxxxx
Urocyon cinereoargenteus (Schreber, 1775)b  xxx   xxx x  
Didelphis spp.Linnaeus, 1758b  x     xxxxx  
Tyto alba (Scopoli, 1769) b   x    x x x x
Orthogeomys sp.Merriam, 1895b   x   x xxx   
Procyon lotor Linnaeus, 1758b    x  x xx x  
Zenaida asiatica Linnaeus, 1758b  xxx   x   x  
Columbina passerina Linnaeus, 1758b  xxx   x x x  
Iguana iguana Linnaeus, 1758b       xxxx    
Ctenosaura pectinata (Wiegmann, 1834)b       xx x    
Corvus corax Linnaeus, 1758b       xx  x  x
Falco sp. Linnaeus, 1758b       x    x  
Fishb   xx         x
Snakesb        x x    
Birdsb  xx xxxxxxxx  
Insectab  xxx x  xxx  x
Canis lupus familiaris Linnaeus, 1758c    x xxxx     
Meleagris gallopavo Linnaeus, 1758c        xx     
Ictidomys mexicanus (Erxleben, 1777) dx        x     
Neotoma spp. Say and Ord, 1825dx              
Peromyscus spp.Gloger, 1841dx              
Liomys sp.Merriam, 1902dx              
Puma concolor Linnaeus, 1791d       x       
Lynx rufus (Schreber, 1777)d  x      x     
Lepus sp. 2d         x     
Ameiva sp. Meyer, 1795d xxxx xxxx     
Kinosternon integrum Le Conte, 1854d  xxx xx x     
  1. aExtirpated fauna
  2. bFauna with current use reports in the TCV and surrounding regions
  3. cIncorporated domesticates
  4. dFauna without current use reports in the TCV and surrounding regions