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Table 3 Comparison of indigenous plant use and pharmacological properties of reported medicinal plants

From: Monpa, memory, and change: an ethnobotanical study of plant use in Mêdog County, South-east Tibet, China

Scientific nameReported phytochemical/pharmacological propertiesIndigenous use [38]Local use agreed with known properties
Alocasia longiloba Miq.Livestock wounds [37]Anti-infective and treating burnsYes
Altingia excelsa NoronhaAntipyretic, aphrodisiac and carminative, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, and anticatarrh [39]RefreshingPartial
Artemisia vestita Wall. ex BesserClearing deficient heat, invigorating stomach, promoting diuresis, inducing the expulsion of gas from the stomach or intestines [40]Stomach painYes
Begonia acetosella CraibInvigorate the circulation of blood [37]Leeches biteYes
Bidens pilosa L.Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, liver-protective, blood-pressure lowering, and hypoglycemic effects [41]Cold, sore throat, and stuffy noseYes
Brassaiopsis hainla (Buch.-Ham.) Seem.No relevant report foundArthritis 
Cinnamomum contractum H. W. LiNo relevant report foundStomach pain 
Citrus medica L.Antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic [42]ColdYes
Coix lacryma-jobi L.Inhibit obesity and reduce blood lipids [43]High blood pressurePartial
Craibiodendron henryi W. W. Sm.Antioxidant activities and vasodilator effects [44]Rice blast 
Curcuma aromatica Salisb.Antioxident, relieving pain and anti-inflammation, contributing flavor, and preventing cancer [45]Heat stroke, irregular menstruation, and alcoholismPartial
Datura stramonium L.Ulcers, wounds, anti-inflammation, rheumatism, bruises, fever and toothache [46]ToothacheYes
Debregeasia longifolia (Burm.f.) Wedd.Antitumor, rheumatism [47, 48]Preventing miscarriage, and bruisesNo
Dendrobium catenatum Lindl.Enhancing immunity, resisting tumor, nourishing yin and clearing heat, benefiting stomach and promoting body fluid [49]ColdYes
Dichroa febrifuga Lour.Anti-malarial activity [50]Mosquito repellentPartial
Duchesnea indica (Jacks.) FockeAnti-inflammatory, clearing heat, detumescence, and detoxification [51, 52]Detoxification and bruisesYes
Elaeocarpus braceanus Watt ex C. B. ClarkeAnxiety, depression, nerve pain, epilepsy, and migraine [53]DiarrheaNo
Equisetum ramosissimum Desf.high blood pressure and diabetes [54]RheumatismNo
Fraxinus floribunda Wall.No relevant report foundSprain and sunburn 
Hovenia acerba Lindl.Alcoholism and vomiting [55]AlcoholismYes
Impatiens arguta Hook.f. & ThomsonAmenorrhea, abdominal pain, and hemostasis [37]Stop bleedingYes
Isodon lophanthoides (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) H.HaraEnteritis, jaundice, hepatitis, laryngopharyngitis, lepromatous leprosy, and ascariasis [38]Intestinal wormsYes
Leycesteria formosa Wall.Traumatic bleeding and fracture [37]Stop bleedingYes
Millettia pachycarpa Benth.Anthelminthic, a medication capable of causing the evacuation of parasitic intestinal worms [56]Killing insectsYes
Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd.Diuretic, laxative, antihypertensive, anti-inflammatory, and analgesic properties [57]CholecystitisPartial
Morus wittiorum Hand.-Mazz.Antioxidant activity and cytotoxicity [58]LeprosyPartial
Mosla dianthera (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Maxim.Allergic disease is involved in many diseases such as asthma, sinusitis, and rheumatoid arthritis [59]AllergiesYes
Nicotiana tabacum L.Antitumor, detoxification and anti-inflammatory [60]SinusitisPartial
Oxalis corniculata L.Giddiness, cough, cold, fever, diarrhea, dysentery, antihelmintic [61]Morning sicknessNo
Paris polyphylla ssp.Anticancer, snake bite, parotitis, mastitis, chronic bronchitis, injuries from fractures, as well as to stop bleeding [62]DiabetesNo
Persicaria capitata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) H.GrossAnti-inflammatory, antibacterial, analgesic, and diuretic [63]BurnsYes
Piper semiimmersum C. DC.Platelet aggregation induced by thrombin (IIa) or PAF in rabbit [64]Altitude sickness and irregular menstruationNo
Piper sylvaticum Roxb.Anthelmintic, antioxidant and hepatoprotective activities and treatment of bronchitis [65]Anti-inflammatoryYes
Ricinus communis L.A Laxative, an anti-infective, or an anti-inflammatory drug [66]BruisesPartial
Sambucus williamsii HanceAnti-inflammatory, analgesic, fracture healing [67]BruisesYes
Sauromatum venosum (Dryand. ex Aiton) KunthMitogenic and anti-proliferative activity [68]SuppurationNo
Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq.Constipation, back pain, snakebites, toothache, headache, skin infections, cough [69]PsoriasisPartial
Stephania abyssinica (Quart.-Dill. & A.Rich.) Walp.Treat various stomach disorders, laxative, antidote, regulator of menstrual cycle [70]Rheumatism and snake bitePartial
Swertia angustifolia Buch.-Ham. ex D. DonFebrifuge and epilepsy [71]Anti-malariaYes
Swertia nervosa (Wall. ex G. Don) C. B. ClarkeClearing away heat and toxic material, invigorating blood circulation and regulating menstruation [72]DiarrheaYes
Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.Relieve pain and stasis as well as for haemostatic, treat malaria, fever and to cure rheumatism [73, 74]EpilepsyNo
Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.) Miq. ex Havil.Treatment of hypertension, headache, and stroke [75]High blood pressureYes
Uncaria scandens (Sm.) Hutch.Treatment of nosotoxicosis, headache, dizziness, high fever in children, seizures, convulsions [76]EpilepsyYes
Viburnum cylindricum Buch.-Ham. ex D. DonCough, diarrhea, rheumatoid arthritis, and tumefaction [77]Anti-inflammatory, scar and repelling fleaPartial
Zanthoxylum motuoense C. C. HuangNo relevant report foundBad skin odor