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Table 4 Ethnobotanical inventory of Monpa in Mêdog County, Tibet, China

From: Monpa, memory, and change: an ethnobotanical study of plant use in Mêdog County, South-east Tibet, China

Family name Scientific name Vernacular name Habit Parts used Local use f CI Voucher specimen number
Acanthaceae Strobilanthes cusia (Nees) Kuntze Yang-shar-pa Herb Leaves Dye plant 0.25 0.25 WangYH0009
Actinidiaceae Saurauia punduana Wall. A-rong-ma Tree Flower buds and fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.78 0.78 18CS16811
Adoxaceae Sambucus williamsii Hance Bha-mu-klung-shi Shrub Leaves Leaves are baked on the fire with butter used for treating bruises    18CS16839
Adoxaceae Viburnum cylindricum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Uh-mu-ling-shing Tree Fruits and burgeons Fruit oil soaked in alcohol for anti-inflammatory and soaked in honey for removing scar. Burgeons are boiled in water for repelling flea 0.05 0.05 18CS16894
Adoxaceae Viburnum erubescens Wall. Tseh-za-klu-shing Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit)    18CS16949
Altingiaceae Altingia excelsa Noronha Sang-shing Tree Branches, fruits and burgeons Fuel. Fruits are burned for refreshing. Making tea 0.53 0.53 18CS16869
Amaranthaceae Chenopodium album L. Shar-ri-mu Herb Seeds Food (extracting starch) 0.09 0.09 18CS16857
Anacardiaceae Choerospondias axillaris (Roxb.) B. L. Burtt & A. W. Hill Ju-ru-ra Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.16 0.16 18CS16940
Apiaceae Pimpinella diversifolia DC. Gya-ma-ga-dsa Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.56 0.56 18CS16816
Apocynaceae Apocynaceae sp. Nu-ru Vine Roots and stems Medicine used for treating allergy    18CS16899
Araceae Alocasia longiloba Miq. Bo-zong-gang-gyi-pa Herb Roots Sliced roots used for anti-infective and treating burns    WangYH0069
Araceae Colocasia affinis Schott Bu-dong Herb Rhizomes Food (a kind of vegetable). Extracting starch 0.17 0.17 18CS16922
Araceae Colocasia antiquorum Schott Bu-rong Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable). Extracting starch 0.11 0.11 18CS16824
Araceae Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott Pon-song Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable). Extracting starch 0.05 0.05 WangYH0184
Araceae Remusatia pumila (D. Don) H. Li & A. Hay Pon-song Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable, and boiled in the water) 0.05 0.05 WangYH0029
Araceae Remusatia vivipara (Roxb.) Schott Ri-bo-srong Herb Leaves Food (a kind of vegetable, and boiled in the water)    WangYH0178
Araceae Sauromatum venosum (Dryand. ex Aiton) Kunth Reh-drong-ma Herb Whole plant Crushed plants are used for treating suppuration    18CS16876
Araliaceae Brassaiopsis hainla (Buch.-Ham.) Seem. Bhong-dong-shing Tree Barks Boiled for treating arthritis 0.05 0.05 18CS16883
Araliaceae Hydrocotyle javanica Thunb. Sa-la-meng-ba-ren Herb Whole plant Fish poison plant 0.06 0.06 18CS16948
Araliaceae Schefflera khasiana (C. B. Clarke) R. Vig. Pyu-shing Tree Stems Musical instrument 0.22 0.22 18CS16897
Arecaceae Arenga micrantha C. F. Wei Ta-shi Tree Stems Food (extracting starch). Forage 0.34 0.36 18CS16836
Arecaceae Arenga pinnata (Wurmb) Merr. Ta-shing Tree Stems Extracting starch 0.16 0.16 WangYH0132
Arecaceae Calamus acanthospathus Griff. B-nyu-mu/ Ba-ser Vine Burgeons and fruits Food (a kind of vegetable and fruit). Making agriculture tools 0.43 0.43 18CS16864
Arecaceae Caryota obtusa Griff. Chu-shing Tree Stems Making chopsticks 0.09 0.09 18CS16819
Asparagaceae Polygonatum oppositifolium (Wall.) Royle Ren-gyi-tsong Herb Burgeons Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.05 0.05 WangYH0194
Asparagaceae Rohdea nepalensis (Raf.) N.Tanaka Ka-lu Herb Tender stems Food (a kind of vegetable)    18CS16958
Athyriaceae Diplazium esculentum (Retz.) Sw. Ta-wai Fern Tender stems and leaves Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.34 0.34 18CS16817
Balsaminaceae Impatiens arguta Hook.f. & Thomson Gyang-tsong-hwen Herb Leaves Crushed leaves are used for stopping bleeding. Forage 0.33 0.33 WangYH0050
Begoniaceae Begonia aborensis Dunn Gyu-bu Herb Stems Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.08 0.08 18CS16834
Begoniaceae Begonia acetosella Craib Pa-pa-man Herb Leaves Mashed leaves are used for treating leeches bite    18CS16936
Berberidaceae Holboellia latifolia Wall. Chou-dang-lie-si Vine Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.2 0.2 18CS16898
Bignoniaceae Radermachera yunnanensis C.Y.Wu Gya-srong-ni-shing Tree Stems Making agriculture tools 0.08 0.08 18CS16944
Boraginaceae Cordia dichotoma G. Forst. Pa-mi-shing Tree Fruits Extracting oil 0.13 0.13 18CS16818
Brassicaceae Cardamine macrophylla Willd. Shu Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable)    18CS16852
Brassicaceae Rorippa dubia (Pers.) H.Hara Ling-zong-mer-mu Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.31 0.31 18CS16835
Campanulaceae Codonopsis affinis Hook.f. & Thomson Gyang-phu-sen Herb Fruits Spice plant 0.27 0.27 WangYH0037
Campanulaceae Codonopsis inflata Hook.f. Gyang-hu-ser Vine Fruits Spices plant 0.05 0.05 WangYH0038
Cannabaceae Celtis tetrandra Roxb. Long-shing Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.2 0.2 18CS16903
Caprifoliaceae Leycesteria formosa Wall. Pya-min-mon Shrub Leaves Medicine uesd for stopping bleeding    WangYH0170
Celastraceae Celastrus glaucophyllus Rehder & E. H. Wilson Ling-shing Twining shrub Trunks Timber plant    WangYH0048
Clusiaceae Garcinia nujiangensis C. Y. Wu & Y. H. Li La-ga-dong-shing Tree Fruits and stems Food (a kind of fruit). Fuel    18CS16931
Clusiaceae Garcinia pedunculata Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham. Kor-mang Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit)    WangYH0027
Combretaceae Terminalia myriocarpa Van Heurck & Müll. Arg. Ba-lem-shing Tree Trunks Timber plant    WangYH0124
Commelinaceae Streptolirion volubile Edgew. Pa-ner-ju Herb Whole plant Forage    18CS16885
Compositae Acmella oleracea (L.) R. K. Jansen Nyi-ra-ki Herb Burgeons Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.13 0.13 WangYH0056
Compositae Artemisia vestita Wall. ex Besser Myer-rang-ma Herb Leaves The powder of “xin zei” are wrapped in leaves and rolled up, and then placed on the navel as moxibustion, used for treating stomach pain    18CS16868
Compositae Bidens pilosa L. Sgrong-treng-rong Herb Leaves Boiled leaves used for treating cold, sore throat and stuffy nose 0.05 0.05 18CS16872
Compositae Crassocephalum crepidioides (Benth.) S. Moore Gyal-pa-ehn Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.78 0.78 18CS16809
Compositae Gynura procumbens (Lour.) Merr. Wen-gya-pa Herb Aerial parts Forage 0.06 0.06 WangYH0121
Compositae Helianthus tuberosus L. Yang-gyal Herb Tubers     18CS16854
Cornaceae Cornus capitata Wall. Da-ming-der-shing Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.08 0.08 18CS16950
Cucurbitaceae Cucurbitaceae sp. Doe-shung Vine Tubers Washing hair and clothes 0.19 0.19 18CS16823
Cucurbitaceae Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd. Su-ba Herb Leaves Food (a kind of vegetable), boiled leaves used for treatinng cholecystitis. Washing hair and clothes 0.31 0.31 18CS16874
Cucurbitaceae Solena heterophylla Lour. Gang-gu-long Herb Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.25 0.25 18CS16873
Cucurbitaceae Thladiantha cordifolia (Blume) Cogn. Su-pa Vine Tubers Washing hair and clothes 0.34 0.34 18CS16863
Cucurbitaceae Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour. A-pa-kas Vine Seeds Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.06 0.06 18CS16943
Cucurbitaceae Zehneria japonica (Thunb.) H.Y. Liu Ka-gyi Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.19 0.19 18CS16826
Cupressaceae Platycladus orientalis (L.) Franco shug-pa Tree Stems Religious ritual use    WangYH0017
Cyatheaceae Alsophila articulata J. Sm. ex T. Moore & Houlston A-gyi Tree Stems Making alcohol beverages. Extracting starch 0.16 0.18 WangYH0108
Cyperaceae Scirpus rosthornii Diels Gong-bu-ueh Herb Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.06 0.06 18CS16946
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea alata L. Dgro-ton/ Gyu-dang Vine Rhizomes Food (a kind of vegetable). Extracting starch 0.08 0.08 WangYH0140
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea melanophyma Prain & Burkill Bo-zon-za-lu Vine Leaves and rhizomes Food (a kind of vegetable). Extracting starch. Forage 0.06 0.06 WangYH0059
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea pentaphylla L. Pan-dang Vine Roots Extracting starch. Forage. Food (a kind of fruit) 0.34 0.34 18CS16889
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea sp. Ju-dang Vine Rhizomes Food (a kind of vegetable). Extracting starch 0.36 0.36 18CS16877
Ebenaceae Diospyros lotus L. A-mu-dong-ba-shing Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit)    18CS16954
Ebenaceae Diospyros variegata Kurz Ang-dri-pha Shrub Fruits Food (a kind of fruit)    WangYH0104
Elaeagnaceae Elaeagnus conferta Roxb. Trong-pa-lin Shrub Fruits Food (a kind of fruit)    18CS16952
Elaeagnaceae Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb. Dar-ma Shrub Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.27 0.27 18CS16859
Elaeocarpaceae Elaeocarpus braceanus Watt ex C. B. Clarke Gar-shar-dong-shing Tree Seeds and fruits Boiled seeds used for treating diarrhea. Food (a kind of fruit) 0.5 0.5 18CS16858
Elaeocarpaceae Elaeocarpaceae sp. Dang-bu-ru Tree or shrub Fruits Extracting oil 0.19 0.19 18CS16942
Equisetaceae Equisetum ramosissimum Desf. Nyer-tshyu Herb Roots and aerial parts Food (a kind of fruit). Boiled liquid for treating rheumatism 0.3 0.3 18CS16878
Ericaceae Craibiodendron henryi W. W. Sm. Shar-kor-shing Tree Branches and leaves Put in the field for treating rice blast    18CS16890
Ericaceae Gaultheria straminea R. C. Fang Tsong-pa-ling Shrub Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.08 0.08 18CS16861
Euphorbiaceae Macaranga denticulata (Blume) Müll.Arg. Tsa-la-ga Tree Leaves Making agriculture tools    18CS16909
Euphorbiaceae Ostodes paniculata Blume Ga-ren-de-shing Tree Seeds Extracting oil 0.06 0.06 18CS16840
Euphorbiaceae Ricinus communis L. Gyal-mu-na Herb Leaves Leaves are baked on the fire with butter used for treating bruises. Seed oils    18CS16888
Fagaceae Castanopsis clarkei King ex Hook.f. Suo-na Tree Fruits Nut 0.11 0.11 18CS16938
Gentianaceae Crawfurdia angustata C. B. Clarke Suo-long-ma Herb Leaves and flowers Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.09 0.09 18CS16831
Gentianaceae Swertia angustifolia Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Pau-sein-po Herb Leaves and roots Medicine used for treating malaria    WangYH0023
Gentianaceae Swertia nervosa (Wall. ex G. Don) C. B. Clarke Pa-bhu-ser-pu Herb Leaves and roots Leaves are boiled in the water used for treating diarrhea    18CS16841
Gnetaceae Gnetum pendulum C. Y. Cheng Gyong-ga-sa Vine Fruits Nut 0.22 0.22 18CS16959
Hydrangeaceae Dichroa febrifuga Lour. Yo-gor-shing Shrub Branches Branches are burned as mosquito repellent    18CS16901
Hypericaceae Hypericum bellum H. L. Li Kor-ma-shing Shrub Fruits Food (sweet taste)    WangYH0110
Hypoxidaceae Molineria capitulata (Lour.) Herb. Tsan-ngan Herb Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.27 0.27 18CS16829
Lamiaceae Elsholtzia blanda (Benth.) Benth. Na-gang-shing Herb Aerial parts Incense plant    WangYH0071
Lamiaceae Elsholtzia feddei H.Lév. Pa-pi Herb Leaves Spice plant for making blood sausage    18CS16882
Lamiaceae Isodon lophanthoides (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) H.Hara Ra-khu-la-dang Herb Whole plant Boiled liquid for treating intestinal parasites    WangYH0172
Lamiaceae Mosla dianthera (Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.) Maxim. Shing-nang-gu-lu Herb Leaves Chewed leaves used for treating allergies    18CS16871
Lamiaceae Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton Nang Herb Seeds Extracting oil 0.08 0.08 WangYH0199
Lamiaceae Pogostemon brevicorollus Y.Z.Sun Na-mu-sein Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.2 0.2 18CS16865
Lauraceae Cinnamomum contractum H. W. Li Shing-tsa Tree Roots Crushed roots are used for stomach pain. Tobacco substitutes 0.28 0.28 18CS16892
Lauraceae Cinnamomum iners Reinw. ex Blume Lho-pa-sang-shing Tree Leaves Incense plant 0.06 0.06 WangYH0030
Lauraceae Litsea tibetana Yen C. Yang & P. H. Huang Snying-shing Shrub Fruits Extracting oil 0.09 0.09 18CS16934
Leguminosae Amphicarpaea bracteata subsp. edgeworthii (Benth.) H.Ohashi Shor-ru Herb Roots Forage    WangYH0094
Leguminosae Derris scabricaulis (Franch.) Gagnep. Ang-du-ru Liana Roots Fish poison plant 0.16 0.16 18CS16821
Leguminosae Erythrina arborescens Roxb. Tsa-shing Tree Stems and leaves Stems are used for carving materials. Making agriculture tools 0.25 0.32 18CS16891
Leguminosae Entada rheedii Spreng. Kor-lo-ba-ru Vine Fruits Food (remove toxicity by boiling 10 times) 0.22 0.22 18CS16846
Leguminosae Millettia pachycarpa Benth. Ngra-ru Liana Seeds and roots Crushed seeds and roots are used for killing insects    WangYH0061
Loranthaceae Tripodanthus acutifolius (Ruiz & Pav.) Tiegh. Tsa-snying Shrub parasitic Fruits Food (a kind of fruit)    18CS16928
Malvaceae Abroma augusta (L.) L.f. Go-men-ta-dong-shing Shrub Whole plant Making agriculture tools 0.06 0.06 WangYH0003
Malvaceae Malvaceae sp. Pu-lang-shing Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.06 0.06 18CS16827
Malvaceae Sterculia lanceifolia Roxb. Bha-ba-ba-gu Tree or shrub Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.23 0.23 18CS16910
Malvaceae Urena lobata L. Tsi-ming-uenh Herb Whole plant Religious ritual use 0.22 0.22 18CS16893
Marantaceae Stachyphrynium placentarium (Lour.) Clausager & Borchs. La-gu-la-la Herb Leaves Making agriculture tools    WangYH0196
Melanthiaceae Paris polyphylla ssp. A-du-ba-du Herb Rhizomes Boiled liquid for treating diabetes    18CS16853
Menispermaceae Stephania abyssinica (Quart.-Dill. & A.Rich.) Walp. Ru-dour Woody vine Roots Boiled the dried roots used for treating rheumatism and snake bite    WangYH0177
Menispermaceae Stephania sp. Yong-ju-pin Woody vine Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.22 0.22 18CS16932
Moraceae Ficus auriculata Lour. Ba-drong-ma-shing Tree Fruits and leaves Food (a kind of fruit). Forage 0.06 0.08 18CS16960
Moraceae Ficus cyrtophylla (Wall. ex Miq.) Miq. Pa-ju-ma Tree or shrub Fruits Beverage    18CS16915
Moraceae Ficus oligodon Miq. Ba-ler-drong-ma Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.09 0.09 18CS16918
Moraceae Ficus semicordata Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. Drong-ma Tree Fruits and leaves Fruits are eaten directly. Leaves are used as sandpaper to burnish the bowl 0.39 0.43 18CS16832
Moraceae Ficus subincisa Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. Rel-me-sgrong-ma Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit)    18CS16925
Moraceae Morus alba L. Sems-ling-shing Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.17 0.17 18CS16902
Moraceae Morus wittiorum Hand.-Mazz. Sems-ling-shing Tree Stems Boiled liquid for treating leprosy. Timber plant 0.25 0.25 18CS16947
Musaceae Musa sanguinea Hook.f. A-nyi-lae-sih Herb Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.3 0.3 WangYH0176
Nephrolepidaceae Nephrolepis cordifolia (L.) C. Presl Ta-wai Fern Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.33 0.33 18CS16896
Oleaceae Fraxinus floribunda Wall. Tra-per-shing Tree Barks Boiled liquid for treating sprain and sunburn    18CS16912
Omphalotaceae Lentinus sajor-caju Fr. Bren-ba-ba-mu Fungi Mushroom Food (a kind of vegetable)    18CS16933
Omphalotaceae Lentinus sp. Tsyer-gen-ba-mu Fungi Mushroom Food (a kind of vegetable)    18CS16930
Ophioglossaceae Ophioglossum vulgatum L. Gu-gu-meng Grass Burgeons Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.06 0.06 18CS16844
Orchidaceae Dendrobium catenatum Lindl. Shi-hu Herb epiphytic Stems Boiled liquid for treating cold    18CS16856
Oxalidaceae Oxalis corniculata L. Ju-bu-uenh Herb Leaves Eaten directly, used for treating morning sickness    18CS16867
Pentaphylacaceae Eurya acuminata DC. Zem-shing Tree or shrub Leaves Dye plant and mordant    WangYH0067
Phytolaccaceae Phytolacca acinosa Roxb. Mye-mye-gang-pu-mon Herb Leaves Spice plant 0.06 0.06 18CS16881
Pinaceae Pinus wallichiana A.B.Jacks. Shog-shing-nang Tree Trunks Timber plant 0.2 0.2 WangYH0128
Piperaceae Piper semiimmersum C. DC. Pi-pi-ling Climber Leaves Boiled the dried leaves used for treating altitude sickness and irregular menstruation    18CS16845
Piperaceae Piper sp. Sa-pa Shrub or climber Leaves Mashed leaves used for stopping bleeding    18CS16822
Piperaceae Piper sylvaticum Roxb. Pang-ser Climber Leaves Mashed leaves used for anti-inflammatory    WangYH0188
Poaceae Arundo donax L. Sra-gu Bamboo Leaves and stems Fuel    WangYH0097
Poaceae Bambusa teres Munro Li-shing Bamboo Culms Making bow and arrow 0.09 0.09 WangYH0092
Poaceae Coix lacryma-jobi L. Phon-pa-lin Herb Seeds Boiled liquid for treating high blood pressure. Ornament plant 0.27 0.27 WangYH0179
Poaceae Dendrocalamus tibeticus Hsueh & T. P. Yi Ha-po Bamboo Culms and shoots. Food (a kind of vegetable). Making agriculture tools 0.1 0.1 WangYH0160
Poaceae Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. Kon-pu Herb Seeds Making alcohol beverages. Extracting starch 0.47 0.5 WangYH0001
Poaceae Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch. Shing-pu Herb Leaves Thatching 0.06 0.06 18CS16843
Poaceae Phyllostachys mannii Gamble Suo-nong Bamboo Burgeons Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.08 0.08 18CS16907
Poaceae Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench Phin-nang Herb Stems and seeds Stems are eaten directly. Seeds are used for preparing alcohol beverages 0.05 0.12 18CS16814
Poaceae Themeda villosa (Lam.) A.Camus Pi-li Herb Leaves Thatching 0.11 0.11 18CS16842
Polygonaceae Fagopyrum acutatum (Lehm.) Mansf. ex K.Hammer Pin-dae-mu Herb Leaves Food (a kind of vegetable). Forage 0.13 0.15 18CS16813
Polygonaceae Fagopyrum esculentum Moench Ka-la Herb Fruits Food (extracting starch) 0.13 0.13 18CS16855
Polygonaceae Fagopyrum tataricum (L.) Gaertn. Ka-la Herb Seeds Making alcohol beverages. Extracting starch 0.17 0.21 WangYH0182
Polygonaceae Persicaria capitata (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) H.Gross Long-pa-dang-mon-nang Herb Whole plant Medicine used for burns 0.05 0.05 WangYH0155
Polygonaceae Persicaria nepalensis (Meisn.) Miyabe Gong-sgrer-ming Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of fruit). Forage 0.06 0.08 18CS16919
Polygonaceae Polygonum chinense var. ovalifolium Meisner Gu-ju-ma-shing Herb Tender stems and leaves Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.09 0.09 18CS16820
Polyporaceae Polyporus sp. Shing-pa-mu Fungi Mushroom Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.09 0.09 18CS16917
Primulaceae Embelia floribunda Wall. Ju-bu-ru Vine Fruits and roots Food (a kind of fruit) 0.09 0.09 18CS16927
Primulaceae Maesa marioniae Merr. Ker-seh-ru Shrub Fruits Food (a kind of fruit)    18CS16953
Primulaceae Maesa rugosa C. B. Clarke Lho-ku-mer-shing Shrub Leaves Making agriculture tools 0.09 0.09 18CS16957
Ranunculaceae Clematis napaulensis DC.   Vine Leaves Forage    WangYH0058
Rhamnaceae Hovenia acerba Lindl. Shi-pi Tree Fruits Boiled or eaten directly, used for alcoholism    18CS16884
Rhamnaceae Rhamnus napalensis (Wall.) M. A. Lawson Da-gor-shing Shrub Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.06 0.06 18CS16923
Rosaceae Chaenomeles cathayensis (Hemsl.) C. K. Schneid. Tong-ju-bha-bu Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.27 0.27 18CS16921
Rosaceae Duchesnea indica (Jacks.) Focke Pu-tshu-la-gong Herb Fruits Food (a kind of fruit), boiled the dried fruits used for detoxification and treating bruises 0.41 0.41 18CS16875
Rosaceae Laurocerasus undulata (Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don) M. Roemer Dan-bur Tree or shrub Seeds Extracting oil. Religious ritual use    WangYH0068
Rosaceae Prunus persica (L.) Batsch Lin-shing Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.33 0.33 18CS16956
Rosaceae Rubus ellipticus Sm. Tser-gong Shrub Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.33 0.33 18CS16850
Rosaceae Rubus niveus Thunb. Tu-lu-tse-gong Shrub Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.05 0.05 18CS16815
Rosaceae Rubus sumatranus Miq. Ga-bu-dong-tse-gong Shrub Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.14 0.14 18CS16939
Rubiaceae Luculia gratissima (Wall.) Sweet Nom-meng Tree or shrub Flowers Religious ritual use    WangYH0051
Rubiaceae Mussaenda pubescens Dryand. Meng-gya-bai-dong-shing Shrub Leaves Seasonal indication 0.06 0.06 18CS16941
Rubiaceae Ophiorrhiza medogensis H. Li Ming-zi-ma-mu Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.11 0.11 18CS16862
Rubiaceae Rubia membranacea Diels Lae-nyi Herb Stems Dye plant    WangYH0114
Rubiaceae Rubia wallichiana Decne. Lae-nyi Herb Stems Dye plant 0.3 0.3 WangYH0127
Rubiaceae Spiradiclis sp. Mi-zu-ma Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.09 0.09 18CS16833
Rubiaceae Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.) Miq. ex Havil. Gou-du Liana Stems Boiled liquid for treating high blood pressure    18CS16962
Rubiaceae Uncaria scandens (Sm.) Hutch. Tsae-tsu Liana Leaves Boiled liquid for treating epilepsy    18CS16905
Rubiaceae Wendlandia tinctoria (Roxb.) DC. Mehi-neng-nang-shi Tree or shrub Stems Making agriculture tools 0.17 0.17 18CS16900
Rutaceae Citrus medica L. Hpo-rang-nying-pa Tree or shrub Fruits Medicine used for treating cold    
Rutaceae Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam. Ae-pi-ka-ba Shrub Seeds Seed oil with butter is used for treating epilepsy    18CS16961
Rutaceae Zanthoxylum motuoense C. C. Huang Gei Tree Fruits Crushed fruits are used for treating bad skin odour. Spice plant 0.56 0.56 18CS16895
Sabiaceae Meliosma pinnata (Roxb.) Maxim. Beng-shar-shing Tree Flowers Seasonal indication 0.06 0.06 18CS16945
Scrophulariaceae Buddleja asiatica Lour. Yang-ren Shrub Whole plant Making alcohol beverages    18CS16914
Solanaceae Datura stramonium L. Yun-ma-chu-dong Herb or subshrub Seeds Medicine used for treating toothache 0.06 0.06 18CS16837
Solanaceae Nicotiana tabacum L. Da-mu-ga Herb Leaves Crushed leaves used for treating sinusitis    18CS16906
Solanaceae Solanum americanum Mill. Gu-ju-shu Herb Burgeons Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.14 0.14 18CS16838
Solanaceae Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq. Kha-lang-gyi Herb to subshrub Roots Crushed roots and the leaves of Luffa cylindrica are used for treating psoriasis    18CS16866
Solanaceae Solanum torvum Sw. Kha-lang-gyi Shrub Fruits Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.2 0.2 18CS16812
Taxaceae Torreya grandis var. yunnanensis (W.C.Cheng & L.K.Fu) Silba Gae-long-shing Tree Fruits Food (a kind of fruit)    18CS16880
Thymelaeaceae Edgeworthia gardneri (Wall.) Meisn. Sho-gu-shing/ Ju-pu -shing Tree Barks Papermaking 0.05 0.05 WangYH0006
Urticaceae Debregeasia longifolia (Burm.f.) Wedd. Rang-shing Shrub Roots Boiled liquid for preventing miscarriage and treating bruises    18CS16870
Urticaceae Elatostema cuneiforme W.T.Wang Tsen-tsen-pa Herb Aerial parts Forage 0.08 0.08 WangYH0091
Urticaceae Elatostema nasutum Hook.f. Da-mi-ru Herb Leaves Food (a kind of vegetable boiled in the water first)    18CS16848
Urticaceae Gonostegia hirta (Blume ex Hassk.) Miq. Ro-gyi-ba Herb Whole plant Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.08 0.08 18CS16924
Urticaceae Pilea hilliana Hand.-Mazz. Ru-gong-su-gang Herb Leaves Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.05 0.05 WangYH0159
Urticaceae Poikilospermum lanceolatum (Trécul) Merr. Ba-mi-ru Shrub Leaves and aerial roots Leaves are used for forage. Aerial roots are used for rope 0.34 0.36 18CS16830
Urticaceae Urtica mairei H. Lév. Gang-dang-gyal-zu Herb Leaves Food (a kind of vegetable)    WangYH0040
Violaceae Viola sp. Pian-mier Herb Whole plant Boiled liquid for clearing heat and detoxification    WangYH0066
Vitaceae Tetrastigma serrulatum (Roxb.) Planch. Ju-bae-ru Liana Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.28 0.28 18CS16828
Xanthorrhoeaceae Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L. Chu-ta Herb Leaves and flowers Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.17 0.17 18CS16887
Zingiberaceae Alpinia bambusifolia C. F. Liang & D. Fang Tar-gang Herb Flower buds Food (sweet taste) 0.2 0.2 WangYH0101
Zingiberaceae Alpinia malaccensis (Burm.f.) Roscoe Tar-gang Herb Flower buds Food (sweet taste) 0.2 0.2 WangYH0103
Zingiberaceae Curcuma aromatica Salisb. Dgrong Herb Roots and leaves Boiled roots used for treating heat stroke, irregular menstruation and boiled leaves used for treating alcoholism    18CS16879
Zingiberaceae Curcuma longa L. Dgrong Herb Roots Dye plant 0.22 0.22 WangYH0070
Zingiberaceae Hedychium coccineum Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. Ma-mi-niu-mu Herb Burgeons Food (a kind of vegetable) 0.05 0.05 18CS16849
Zingiberaceae Hornstedtia tibetica T.L.Wu & S.J.Chen Su-mi Herb Fruits Food (a kind of fruit) 0.08 0.08 18CS16847
  1. Voucher specimen number with CS means collection section