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Table 2 Raw data from the interviews

From: Socialising over fruits and vegetables: the biocultural importance of an open-air market in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam

CharacteristicsTotal respondents%Visit the Tamu leisurely (n = 51)%Do not visit the Tamu leisurely (n = 109)%p value^Indigenous (n = 87)%Non-indigenous (n = 73)%p value^
GenderMale8351.92956.95449.50.48847463649.30.664
Female7748.12243.15550.5 40543750.7 
Age20–394930.62039.22926.6 2225.32737 
40–649760.625497266.10.1225462.14358.90.073
65 above148.8611.887.3 1112.6341.1 
Marital statusMarried12980.63976.59082.60.4877586.254740.08
Single3119.41223.51917.4 1213.81926 
Residential statusLocal11068.83772.573670.5998496.62635.6< 0.001*
Foreigner5031.21427.53633 33.44764.4 
Period of StayTourist24.017.212.8      
< 1 year12.00012.80.12     
1–5 years918.0535.7411.1      
> 5 years3876.0857.13083.3      
Frequency of market visit in native countryRegularly3468.07502775      
Sometimes1326.0642.9719.40.154     
No36.017.125.6      
Frequency of Tamu visitRegularly10163.12956.97266.1 4956.35271.2 
Sometimes5635.02039.236330.2243843.71824.70.008*
Only during festival00.00000 0000 
Others31.923.910.9 0034.1 
Are you from an indigenous community?No7345.62243.15146.80.793     
Yes8754.42956.95853.2      
If yes, which group are you from?Malay5866.718624069      
Kedayan1719.5724.11017.2      
Dusun33.513.523.50.211     
Iban55.70058.6      
Melayu Tutong33.526.911.7      
Serawak Kuching11.113.500      
Monthly Income< BND10009056.22854.96256.9 4855.24257.5 
BND1000–19993521.91121.624220.5922225.31317.80.492
BND2000–29991811.3815.7109.2 1011.5811 
> BND3000127.523.9109.2 66.968.2 
Not available53.123.932.7 11.145.5 
Education levelNone00.00000 0000 
Primary138.1611.876.4 66.979.6 
Secondary9559.426516963.30.3955765.538520.005*
Vocational/diploma2515.61121.51412.8 1719.5811 
BA2113.1611.81513.8 78.11419.2 
MA and above63.823.943.7 0068.2 
Main reason for visiting TamuCheap prices1610.059.81110.1 89.2810.9 
Lots of vegetables/fruits9056.33160.85954.1 4551.74561.6 
Local fruits and vegetables1811.359.81311.90.7291314.956.90.508
Meeting familiar people00.00000 0000 
Can bargain10.60010.9 11.200 
Fresh116.923.998.3 66.956.9 
Convenient42.50043.7 11.234.1 
Medicinal plants00.00000 0000 
Snacks106.259.854.6 7834.1 
Others106.235.976.4 66.945.5 
Other reasons for visiting Tamu#Cheap prices9156.92854.96357.8 5158.64054.8 
Lots of vegetables/fruits11270.04078.47266.1 5765.55575.3 
Local fruits and vegetables7949.42447.15550.5 3540.24460.3 
Meeting familiar people4025.01529.42522.9 2124.31926 
Can bargain3823.81223.52623.9 1517.22331.5 
Fresh7848.825495348.6 3236.84663 
Convenient7345.62345.15045.9 2629.94764.4 
Medicinal plants2012.5815.71211 1112.6912.3 
Snacks7546.925495045.9 2641.43953.4 
Others74.435.943.7 55.722.7 
Whom did you purchase from?Regular vendor6540.61427.55146.8 3337.93243.8 
Whoever offers cheap prices2716.91121.51614.70.0661618.41115.10.718
Any vendor offering clean and healthy product6842.526514238.5 3843.73041.1 
Do you visit Tamu with friends?Yes2213.8815.71412.9 910.31317.8 
Sometimes4125.61733.324220.21420232128.80.195
No9760.626517165.1 5866.73953.4 
Have you made friends at the Tamu?Yes9760.62854.96963.30.4016170.13649.30.012*
No6339.42345.14036.7 2629.93750.7 
If yes, with whom did you make friends with?Vendors8486.6281005681.2 5386.93186.1 
Visitors3233.01035.72231.9 1727.91541.7 
Others44.10045.8 34.912.8 
Do you purchase groceries as a favour for your neighbour?Yes, often2314.4815.71513.8 1517.2811 
Yes, sometimes4830.01733.33128.40.722832.22027.40.322
No8955.626516357.8 4450.64561.6 
Would you visit the Tamu even if you don't have a purchase to make?Yes5131.9     2933.32230.10.793
No10968.1     5866.75169.9 
How often do you purchase from supermarket?Regularly6440.02039.24440.4 3843.72635.6 
Yes, only if it is not available in Tamu2817.5611.82220.20.4571517.21317.80.573
Rarely6741.925494238.5 3439.13345.2 
Never10.60010.9 0011.4 
Should every city have local markets?Yes15395.6499610495.4 8698.86791.8 
No42.51232.8111.234.10.081
Do not know31.91221.8 0034.1 
Do you think there are groceries only in local market?Yes8150.626515550.515360.92838.40.007*
No7949.425495449.5 3439.14561.6 
If yes, name some of these groceriesLocal goods5481.11669.63888.4 37861773.9 
Traditional goods1319.7626.1716.3 818.6521.7 
Traditional medicines69.1417.424.7 37313 
Fish/seafood1116.7730.449.3 511.6626.1 
Live poultry34.528.712.3 24.714.3 
Beverage23.014.312.3 12.314.3 
Nuts and legumes11.50012.3 12.300 
Do you think there are groceries only in supermarket?Yes8653.82345.16357.80.1835360.93345.20.068
No7446.22854.94642.2 3439.14054.8 
If yes, name some of these groceriesImported goods3347.19502446.2 2048.81344.8 
Processed goods3347.1738.92650 1946.31448.3 
Poultry1521.4316.71223.1 922.2620.7 
Local products22.90023.8 24.900 
Grain products34.315.623.8 24.913.4 
Meat912.9211.1713.5 614.6310.3 
Eggs11.415.600 12.400 
Condiments/seasoning/spices22.9211.100 24.900 
Dairy products22.90023.8 12.513.4 
Fish22.90023.8 12.513.4 
Nuts/legumes/by-product11.40011.9 12.500 
Gate where interview took placeWest8050.02345.15752.30.4974652.93446.60.526
East8050.02854.95247.7 4147.13953.4 
  1. #Multiple responses were allowed
  2. ^Derived from independent chi-square or Fisher's exact test (whichever is appropriate)
  3. *p value is statistically significant (< 0.05)