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Table 2 Edible fungi local names and list of fungi eaten by informants from each ethnic group

From: Wild edible ectomycorrhizal fungi: an underutilized food resource from the rainforests of Tshopo province (Democratic Republic of the Congo)

SpeciesLocal namesEthnic groups
KumuLokeleNgandoNgelemaTopokeTurumbu
Agaricus bambusicola Heinem.NA+++++
Agaricus crocopeplus Berk. & BroomeNA+++++
Amanita annulatovaginata BeeliNA+++++
Amanita echinulata BeeliNA++++++
Amanita pudica (Beeli) WalleynNA++++++
Amanita robusta BeeliBalenda1++++++
Armillaria heimii PeglerBaselekoko3++++++
Auricularia cornea Ehrenb.Batele1,2,3,4,5,6++++++
Auricularia delicata (Mont.ex Fr.) Henn.Batele1,2,3,4,5,6++++++
Calyptella longipes (Cooke & Massee) W.B. CookeBape-bape6++++
Cantharellus congolensis BeeliBolingobopii6++++++
Cantharellus conspicuus Eyssartier, Buyck & VerbekenNA
Cantharellus densifolius Heinem.NA++++++
Cantharellus floridulus Heinem.Solosolo3++++++
Cantharellus incarnatus (Beeli) Heinem.NA
Cantharellus longisporus Heinem.Baolo-bandei6, Abamongo1++++++
Cantharellus luteopunctatus (Beeli) Heinem.Baolo-bandei6, Abamongo1++++++
Cantharellus miniatescens Heinem.Lilenda-linenu6, Agbalo-gbalo4++++++
Cantharellus aff. ruber Heinem.NA++++++
Cantharellus rufopunctatus (Beeli) Heinem.Bengole-bonyele6++++++
Cookeina speciosa (Fr.) DennisBatoyi bangwa’a2++
Cookeina tricholoma (Mont.) KuntzeBatoyi bangwa’a2
Coprinellus disseminatus (Pers.) J.E. LangeBaku’kulekule6+++++
Coprinus plicatilis (Curtis) Fr.NA
Cotylidia aurantiaca (Pat.) A. L. WeldenNA++
Dacryopinax spathularia (Schwein.) G.W. MartinNA
Favolus tenuiculus (P. Beauv.) Fr.NA++
Gerronema hungo (Henn.) Degreef & EyiNA
Gymnopilus zenkeri (Henn.) SingerBokoo’kina6++++++
Hygrocybe cantharellus (Schwein.) MurrillAdanopila4+++++
Hygrocybe coccinea (Schaeff.) P. KummerNA
Hymenagaricus luteolosporus Heinem.& Little FlowerBaolo ba’ongolo6, Tongwengwe4+++++
Hypholoma subviride Berk. & M.A. CurtisNA
Lactarius acutus HeimMongo5+++++
Lactifluus annulatoangustifolius (Beeli) BuyckBelaa’tala3+++++
Lactifluus gymnocarpus (R. Heim ex Singer) VerbekenNA
Lactifluus heimii (Verbeken) VerbekenNA
Lactifluus pelliculatus (Beeli) BuyckBatina lya bakuu6
Lentinus squarrosulus Mont.Bengole6++++++
Lepista rhodotoides SingerBongolototo6, Baselesele2+++++
Lepista sordida (Schumach.) SingerNA
Leucocoprinus cepaestipes (Sowerby) PatMbumbuke6++++
Leucocoprinus discoideus (Beeli) HeinemNA
Macrolepiota dolichaula (Berk. & Broome) Pegler & R.W. RaynerNA
Marasmiellus inoderma (Berk.) SingerNA
Marasmius arborescens (Henn.) BeeliTwendenda5, Seeliko3++++++
Marasmius bekolacongoli BeeliBakoko wa kombe6, Toko kombe2++++++
Marasmius buzungolo SingerMongala6, Ndundo3,5++++++
Marasmius confertus Berk. & BroomeMongala6++++++
Neonothopanus hygrophanus (Mont.) De Kesel & DegreefNA
Paxillus brunneotomentosus Heinem. & RammelooNA
Pleurotus cystidiosus O.K. Mill.Bengole6,2,5++++++
Pleurotus flabellatus (Berk. & Br.) Sacc.Bengole6,2,5++++++
Pleurotus tuber-regium (Fr.) Fr.Bengole ya makasi6++++++
Polyporus arcularius (Batsch) Fr.NA
Psathyrella candolleana (Fr.) MaireNA
Rubinoboletus luteopurpureus (Beeli) Heinem. & RammelooLofyongi lonyele6+++++
Russula annulata R. HeimLilianga6+++++
Russula inflata BuyckBalenda ya moindo6++++
Russula meleagris BuyckNsalanka’ngaa6++++++
Russula porphyrocephala BuyckNsololo6++++++
Russula pruinata BuyckBalenda ya kulokoko6+++++
Russula roseostriata BuyckNA
Russula sese BeeliNA
Russula sesemoindu BeeliMalebadja6+++++
Russula striatoviridis BuyckNA++++
Schizophyllum commune Fr.Bokotoko6, Tukumu2, Bokokola1,3,4,5++++++
Tapinella panuoides (Fr.) E.-J. GilbertTukutuno6++++
Termitomyces robustus (Beeli) HeimLimusula6, Libusula5, Bululu3, Nku’suusu1++++++
Termitomyces singidensis Saarim. & Härk.Limusula6, Libusula5, Bululu3++++
Termitomyces striatus (Beeli) HeimLimusula6, Libusula5, Bululu3++++++
Tremella fuciformis BerkeleyNA
Tricholomopsis aurea (Beeli) Desjardin & B.A. Perry.NA++++++
Trogia infundibuliformis Berk. & Br.NA++++++
Tylopilus balloui (Peck) SingerNA
Volvariella parvispora Heinem.NA
Volvopluteus gloiocephalus (DC) VizziniNA
Xerocomus spinulosus Heinem. & Gooss.-Font.Kwekwele6++
  1. 1Kumu, 2Lokele, 3Ngando, 4Ngelema, 5Topoke, 6Turumbu (mother tongues); “+” indicates edible fungi and “−” indicates inedible fungi by local ethnic groups’ informants; NA not applicable