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Table 3 Use of plants for religious rituals in Ukrainian case study areas

From: Just beautiful green herbs: use of plants in cultural practices in Bukovina and Roztochya, Western Ukraine

Taxa/Voucher specimen Local name/transcribed name format Wild/Cultivated/Semi-cultivated Plant part (s) used Use Holiday Frequency of use in Bukovina, BN = 31 Frequency of use in Roztochya, RN = 16
Acer spp. (Sapindaceae) SF019 ясен, клен/ yasen, klen W Fresh branches Decoration of entry doors, garages, gates and barns Pentecost 4 1
W Whole young tree Decoration of yards Pentecost  
Achillea millefolium L. (Asteraceae) SF020 деревій/ derevij W Aerial parts Bouquets Pentecost St. John’s Day 1 1
Acorus calamus L. (Acoraceae) шавар, май/shavar, maj W Aerial parts Decoration of yards and roads Pentecost   4
Alchemilla vulgaris aggr. (Rosaceae) приворотень/pryvoroten W Leaves Bouquets Pentecost   1
Allium sativum L. (Amaryllidaceae) SF021, SF061 часник, чеснок/chasnyk, chesnok C Aerial parts and tubers Basket decoration Easter 9  
  Bouquets Feast of the Transfiguration   13
Anemone nemorosa L. (Ranunculaceae) анемона біла/anemona bila W Aerial parts Bouquets Palm Sunday   1
Armoracia rusticana P.Gaertn., B.Mey. & Scherb. SF008 (Brassicaceae) Хрін, хрен, хреню
hrin, hren, hrenyu
SC Roots Basket decoration Easter 19 13
Artemisia abaensis Y.R.Ling & S.Y.Zhao (Asteraceae) SF227 полин, полинь, полин гіркий, полин трава/ polyn, polyn`, polyn girkyj, polyn trava W Aerial parts Bouquets Feast of the Transfiguration, Makoviya   2
Asarum europaeum L. (Aristolochiaceae) SF200 копитняк/ kopytnyak W Leaves Wreaths Corpus Christi   5
Beta vulgaris L.(
Amaranthaceae)
буряк/buryak С Roots Basket decoration Easter 1  
Betula spp. (Betulaceae) NB049 береза/bereza W Fresh branches Decoration of entry doors, garages and barns Pentecost 5 3
Whole young tree Decoration of yards Pentecost  
Buxus sempervirens L. (Buxaceae) SF023 буршпан, гуршпан/ burshpan, gurshpan C Branches Bouquets, basket decoration and candle decoration Easter, Palm Sunday   7
Campanula spp. (Campanulaceae) дзвоники/ dzvonyky W Aerial parts Bouquets Pentecost, Feast of the Transfiguration 1 2
Centaurea spp. (Asteraceae) васильки/vasyl`ky W Aerial parts Bouquets Feast of the Transfiguration 1  
Cyanus segetum Hill (Asteraceae) волошка/voloshka W Aerial parts Bouquets Pentecost   1
Dianthus barbatus L. (Caryophyllaceae) гвоздика городня/gvozdyka gorodnya C Aerial parts Wreaths Corpus Christi   1
Dianthus spp. (Caryophyllaceae) гвоздика/gvozdyka C Aerial parts Bouquets Pentecost   3
Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott (Dryopteridaceae) SF036 папороть/paporot` W Aerial parts Bouquets Pentecost   1
Fraxinus excelsior L. (Oleaceae) SF018 ясінь/yasin’ W Aerial parts Branches decoration of yards and homes Pentecost 2  
Fragaria × ananassa (Duchesne ex Weston) Duchesne ex Rozier (Rosaceae) SF037 полуниця/polunycya C Aerial parts and fruits Wreaths Corpus Christi   2
Fragaria vesca L. (Rosaceae) SF038 суниця/sunycya W Aerial parts and fruits Wreaths Corpus Christi   4
Hedera helix L. (Araliaceae) SF039 плющ/plyushh W Aerial parts Wreaths Corpus Christi   1
Juglans regia L. (Juglandaceae)
SF006
горіх/gorih C Fruits Table decorations Christmas 3 1
Hypericum perforatum L. (Hypericaceae) SF024 звіробій/zvirobij W Aerial parts Bouquets Saint John’s Day 4  
Iris spp. (Iridaceae) півники дикі/pivnyky dyki W Aerial parts Bouquets Pentecost   1
Leucanthemum spp. (Asteraceae) SF064 ромашка/romashka W Aerial parts Bouquets Pentecost (R) Feast of the Transfiguration (B) 1 4
Malus domestica Borkh. (Rosaceae) SF040 яблука/yabluka C Fruits Basket filling, bouquets Feast of the Transfiguration (B,R) 10 12
Matricaria chamomilla L. (Asteraceae) SF041 румянок/rumyanok W Aerial parts Wreaths Bouquets Corpus Christi (R) St. John’s Day 2 1
Mentha spp. (Lamiaceae) SF042 мята/myata C Aerial parts Bouquets Pentecost   4
Myrtus communis L. (Myrtaceae) мірта/ mirta C Small branches Basket decoration Easter   1
Onopordum acanthium L.? Cirsium spp. будак/budak, страхополох/strahopoloh, чортополох/chortopoloh W Aerial parts Bouquets Feast of the Transfiguration 1 3
Paeonia spp. (Peoniaceae) SF063 півонія/pivoniya C Aerial parts Bouquets Pentecost   2
Papaver spp. incl. Papaver rhoeas L., Papaver somniferum L. (Papaveraceae) SF050 мак/mak W, C Seedpods Bouquets, basket filling Feast of the Transfiguration (R,B) Easter (B) 11 14
Persicaria bistorta (L.) Samp. (Polygonaceae) ракові шийки/rakovi shyjky W Aerial parts Wreaths Corpus Christi   1
Picea abies L. (Pinaceae) SF043 ялинка/yalynka W Whole young tree, branches Home decoration Christmas 1 1
Polygonatum spp. (Asparagaceae) купина / kupyna W Aerial parts Wreaths Corpus Christi   1
Prunus cerasifera L. (Rosaceae) SF013 алича/alycha C Fruits Basket filling Feast of the Transfiguration 1 1
Prunus avium (L.) L. (Rosaceae) SF045 черешня/chereshnya C Fruits Basket filling Feast of the Transfiguration   1
Prunus cerasus L. (Rosaceae) NB198 вишня/vyshnya C Fruits Basket filling Feast of the Transfiguration 1 3
Prunus domestica L. (Rosaceae) сливки/slyvky, сливи/slyvy C Fruits Basket filling Feast of the Transfiguration 1 9
Pyrus communis L. (Rosaceae) SF017 грушки/grushky C Fruits Basket filling Feast of the Transfiguration 1 10
Rosa spp. incl. Rosa rugosa L. (Rosaceae) рожа/rozha SC Aerial parts Wreaths Corpus Christi   5
Rubus ideaus L. (Rosaceae)
SF051
малина/malyna C Fruits Basket filling Feast of Transfiguration   2
Salix spp. (Salicaceae) SF052,
SF062
верба, verba, баська, bas`ka, лоза, loza, шутка, shutka, бичка, bychka W Young branches Bouquets, branches Palm Sunday 22 14
Sambucus nigra L. (Adoxaceae) хобза/hobza W Young branches Decoration of yards Pentecost 1  
Scilla bifolia L. (Asparagaceae) анемона голуба, anemona goluba, проліска/proliska W Aerial parts Bouquets Palm Sunday   1
Secale cereale L. (Poaceae) жито/zhyto C Spikes Bouquets Christmas 1 1
Sedum acre L. (Crassulaceae) очиток/ochytok, розкідник/rozkidnyk W Aerial parts Wreaths Corpus Christi   7
Senecio vulgaris L. (Asteraceae) жовтозілля/zhovtozillya W Aerial parts Wreaths Corpus Christi   1
Solanum lycopersicum L. (Solanaceae) помідори, томати/pomidory, tomaty C Fruits Basket filling Feast of the Transfiguration (L) 1 2
Symphytum officinale L. (Boraginaceae) NB190 живокість/zhyvokist` W Aerial parts Wreaths Corpus Christi   1
Tagetes spp. (Asteraceae) чорнобривці/chornobryvci C Aerial parts Bouquets Feast of the Transfiguration   2
Quercus spp. (Fagaceae) SF063 дуб/dub W Fresh branches Decoration of yards Pentecost   1
Thymus spp. (Lamiaceae) NB186 чебрець пахучий/ chebrecz` paxuchyj W Aerial parts Wreaths Corpus Christi, St. John’s Day 1 1
Tilia spp. (Malvaceae) SF053 липа/lypa W Fresh branches Decoration of entry doors, garages and barns Pentecost 2 5
Tilia spp. (Malvaceae) SF053
Triticum aestivum L. (Poaceae)
липа/lypa
пшениця/pshenycya
W
C
Whole young tree Decoration of yards Pentecost 1 1
Spikes Bouquets    
Triticum aestivum L. (Poaceae)
Vaccinium myrtillus L. (Ericaceae) SF049
пшениця/pshenycya
чорниця/ chornycya
C
W
Spikes
Aerial parts with berries
Bouquets
Wreaths
Makoveya   12
Corpus Christi   2
Vinca minor L. (Apocynaceae) SF010 барвінок/barvinok W Aerial parts Wreaths Corpus Christi   10
Vitis vinifera L. (Vitaceae) SF001 виноград/vynograd C Fruits Basket filling Feast of the Transfiguration 5 5
Poaceae
SF060
злаки/ zlaky C Spikes Bouquets, ‘Didukh’ Christmas (B,R) 2 4
Poaceae
SF060
Haya
злаки/zlaky
сіно/sino
C
W
Spikes
Aerial parts
Bouquets, ‘Didukh’
Table decorations
Makoveya (B,R)   4
8
Christmas (B,R) 3
Herbsa зілля / zillya W Aerial parts Bouquets Pentecost (R)
St. John’s Day (B)
8 5
  1. aHay and Herbs are named for bouquets and table decorations in general, meaning dried or fresh varieties of wild plants, which interviewees did not want to explain or there was no specific need to explain in the opinion of locals (e.g., “We collect all beautiful herbs.” or “At the meadow you collect all that you like.”). BN Bukovina number of interviews, RN Roztochya number of interviews, B Bukovina, R Roztochya