Skip to main content

Table 3 Edible Species of the Study Area

From: Traditional food plants of the upper Aswa River catchment of northern Uganda—a cultural crossroads

Family Genus Species Authority Herbarium voucher number(s) Plant form Part consumed RI Seasonal availability Vernacular Lango name Acholi Ateso Thur
Acanthaceae
Asystacia gangetica (L.) T.Anderson SA39,103,130,197,291,467, 520 forb leaf 0.34 mar-nov Aconge, Aconge Wang-Gweno Acwe Ecoto  
Justicia exigua S. Moore SA102 forb leaf 0.11 mar-aug     Akweny-Akweny
Amaranthaceae
Achyranthes aspera L. SA92,117,324,500,561 forb leaf 0.34 jan-dec Kalamata Ato Ite Oryang   
Amaranthus caudatus L. SA364 forb leaf 0.11 mar-dec Ocobo    
Amaranthus graecizans L. SA38,123,170 forb leaf 0.19 mar-nov Ocobo-Lango, Boyo Boo Eboo, Ekiliton  
Celosia trigyna L. SA131 forb leaf 0.11 apr-jun    Akelio, Ekiliton  
Anacardiaceae
Sclerocarya birrea (A.Rich.) Hochst. SA152,303,383;LA19,CE29, PO21 tree seed 0.52 mar-aug Ijakait Titigo Ejikai Thibo
Searsia pyroides (Burch.) Moffett SA53,124,134,218,264,496; DN414 tree fruit 0.48 jun-aug Awaya, Awaca Awaca Epwatet, Ewayo Oyukwere
Searsia natalensis (Bernh. ex C.Krauss) F.A.Barkley SA6,265,394;LA14,DN398 shrub fruit 0.48 feb-mar   Rwa-rwa Ewayo Ozokwere
Annonaceae
Annona senegalensis Pers. SA21,120,137,191,223,259, 407,450;LA9,CE9,DN418 tree fruit 0.89 apr-jul Obwolo Obwolo, Obolo Ebwolo Obwolo
Apocynaceae
Carissa spinarum L. SA12,96,138,187,210,247, 461;DN428 shrub fruit 0.52 jan-mar Acuga Acuga Emuriei, Emuriet Achuga
Pergularia daemia (Forssk.) Chiov. SA91,429 forb leaf 0.15 mar-aug     Okuru
Saba comorensis (Bojer ex A.DC.) Pichon SA25,125,188,254;LA30, DN480 vine fruit 0.45 jun-sep Komo Pwomo Emago  
Arecaceae
Borassus aethiopum Mart. SA442,547;PO35 tree fruit 0.33 oct-dec Tugo Tugu Eduku Tugo
      shoot   apr-jun     
Phoenix reclinata Jacq. SA221,DN441 tree fruit 0.29 feb-apr Otit, Tit Otit Esasa  
Asparagaceae
Chlorophytum sp.   SA321 shrub tuber 0.11 oct-dec     
Cleomaceae
Cleome gynandra L. SA8,44,89,115,127,204,405 forb leaf 0.41 mar-oct Akeo Akeo Ecadoi  
Cleome monophylla L. SA104,541 forb leaf 0.15 mar-aug     Akeo-Jok
Commelinaceae
Aneilema spekei C.B.Clarke SA147 forb leaf 0.11 mar-sep Odipa Ikong   Ekoropot  
Commelina africana L. SA90,464 forb leaf 0.26 mar-aug Ototo   Ekoropot Othoto
Compositae
Aspilia pluriseta Schweinf. ex Schweinf. SA403 forb seed 0.11 sep-dec     Obongno
Bidens pilosa L. SA106 forb leaf 0.11 mar-nov     Kamalara
      seed   oct-dec     
Bidens sp.   SA435 forb leaf 0.11 mar-jun     Okarama
Crassocephalum vitellinum (Benth.) S.Moore SA40,SA293 forb leaf 0.15 mar-dec Apuruku    
Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) Kuntze ex Thell. SA169,481 forb leaf 0.22 apr - dec    Kilorokwin  
Cucurbitaceae
Cucumis aculeatus Cogn. SA28,50,129,225 creeper fruit, seed 0.23 sep-dec Okwer Okwer Akobokobo  
Cucumis ficifolius A.Rich. SA422 creeper seed 0.11 nov-dec     Okwer-Gwok
Curcurbita pepo L. SA29,190 creeper leaf, fruit, seed 0.15 nov-dec Okono    
Dioscoreaceae
Dioscorea alata L. SA43,184,226,255 creeper tuber 0.23 jan-feb Obato Obato   
Dioscorea bulbifera L. SA192,228,262 creeper bulbil 0.19 nov-dec Ogoko Okoo   
Ebenaceae
Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex A.DC. SA13,110,207,288,408,554, 555;CE16,PO36 tree fruit 0.49 may-sep Ikum Cumu Ekum  
Euphorbiaceae
Acalypha crenata Hochst. ex A.Rich. SA58,111 forb leaf 0.15 mar-aug Ayuu    
Hypoxidaceae
Hypoxis angustifolia Lam. SA57 forb seed 0.11 mar-aug Ocutu    
Lamiaceae
Hoslundia opposita Vahl SA7,141,206,211,276,549 shrub fruit 0.37 aug-nov Apurumur, Edudu Tutu Etapukon  
Hyptis spicigera Lam. SA74,201,230,289 forb seed 0.30 nov-dec Amola Lamola   
Leonotis nepetifolia (L.) R.Br. SA182,273,400 forb nectar 0.26 mar-dec   Nyamtigo Ecika Chukuchuku
Vitex doniana Sweet SA1,49,185,263,459;CE1,DN401 tree fruit 0.63 nov-dec Owelo Oywelo Ekarukei Welo
Vitex madiensis Oliv. SA133,557;PO5 tree fruit 0.40 nov-dec   Oyelo Ekarukei  
Leguminosae
Bauhinia thonningii Schum. SA155,301,340,460;LA24, DN396 tree fruit 0.73 dec Ogali Ogali Epapai  
Crotalaria ochroleuca G.Don SA62,94,231,286,433 forb leaf 0.26 mar-dec Ajalu Lala   
Tamarindus indica L. SA5,99,156,232,406,451;LA20,32;CE12,DN421 tree leaf 0.81 mar-aug Cwao Cwaa Epeduru  
      fruit   nov-dec     
Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc. SA33,54,78,250,456,482 forb seed 0.30 oct-dec Kali, Dokolo Kali, Adyel-Adyel Adokolet  
Loganiaceae
Strychnos innocua Delile SA20,139,159,236,S93,564; CE22,DN430 tree fruit 0.59 apr-sep Akwalwakwala Alingkwalo, Lakwalo kwalo Eturukuku, Eturugugut Okuakwala
Strychnos sp.   SA95,431,453 tree fruit 0.33 oct-dec     Okwakwalo
Malvaceae
Corchorus olitorius L. SA148 forb leaf 0.11 mar-sep Otigo-Agywa   Atigo  
Corchorus sp.   SA10, SA47 forb leaf 0.15 mar - nov Otigo agwya Otigo-Apapal   
Corchorus trilocularis L. SA189 forb leaf 0.11 mar-dec Otigo Otigo-lum   
Grewia arborea (Forssk.) Lam. SA359,PO34 tree fruit 0.29 jan-mar Amoni    
Grewia mollis Juss. SA22,75,121,140,194,237, 390,454;LA1,CE21,DN437 tree fruit 0.85 aug-oct Opobo Pogo Eparis Opobo
Grewia villosa Willd. SA19,81,268,566 tree fruit 0.30 aug-nov   Olukuru   Okura
Hibiscus cannabinus L. SA128,195,285,426 forb leaf 0.23 mar-nov Amalakwang   Emalakany  
      seed   oct-dec     
Hibiscus sp.   SA69,113 forb leaf 0.15 mar-nov Amalakwang-Toke    
      seed   oct-dec     
Menispermaceae
Cissampelos mucronata A.Rich. SA438 creeper tuber 0.11 dec-jan   Aboce   
Moraceae
Ficus dicranostyla Mildbr. SA16,80,449,553,563;PO24 tree leaf 0.45 mar-may Ebu Bito, Owii Ebule Owii
      fruit   jun-aug     
Ficus glumosa Delile SA3,180,209,389,516;LA4, CE4,DN386 tree seed 0.81 apr-jun Okworo Kworo Ebiyong Kworo
Ficus mucuso Welw. ex Ficalho SA77,DN389 tree fruit 0.29 nov-dec Ibule    
Ficus natalensis Hochst. SA261,LA7 tree fruit 0.22 mar-jun   Kituba   
Ficus sur Forssk. SA4,48,122,193,260,280; CE62,DN469 tree fruit 0.59 apr-jun Oduru Oduru Edulo, Edurokoi Oduru
Ficus sycomorus L. SA2,448,479;LA12,DN394 tree fruit 0.55 apr-aug    Ecalawinyo, Emidit Atielowinyo
Ficus thonningii Blume SA112,158,392,517;LA8, CE25,60;DN420 tree fruit 0.74 jun-aug Ibule Pwoo Ebule  
Ficus vasta Forssk. SA32,222,346;LA5,CE24 tree fruit 0.69 apr-jun   Olam Eborboriei  
Myrtaceae
Syzygium guineense (Willd.) DC. SA154,229,361;CE30,DN417 tree fruit 0.41 mar-jun Akalacer, Kano   Elecer  
Olacaceae
Ximenia americana L. SA17,60,86,119,235,272;CE6 tree fruit 0.48 apr-aug Olimo Lalilimo, Olelemo Ailama Alimo
Oxalidaceae
Oxalis corniculata L. SA45 forb leaf 0.18 mar-aug Yat Leny    
Pedaliaceae
Ceratotheca sesamoides Endl. SA68,227,287 forb seed 0.19 nov-dec Alodi    
Sesamum calycinum subsp. angustifolium (Oliv.) Ihlenf. & Seidenst. SA478 forb seed 0.11 nov-dec Otigo-Anino Otigo Nino Emalerait  
Antidesma venosum E.Mey. ex Tul. SA52,283 shrub fruit 0.19 aug-nov Odugu-Kulo    
Bridelia micrantha (Hochst.) Baill. DN438 tree fruit 0.25 may-jun Orweco    
Bridelia scleroneura Müll.Arg. SA24,76,109,136,183,245,402, 458,484.548;DN395, CE19, LA17 tree fruit 0.93 aug-nov Orweco Larweco Erweco  
Poaceae
Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. SA344,434 grass seed 0.15 oct-nov    Ewuduwudu Achele
Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R.Br. SA37 grass seed 0.11 aug-dec   Raa   
Polygalaceae
Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen. SA31,330,353,417,495,552; CE48,PO31 tree leaf 0.59 jan-dec Ilila Odyer Ediol Lilia
Oxygonum sinuatum (Hochst. & Steud ex Meisn.) Dammer SA83,SA143,SA421 vine leaf 0.19 mar-sep     Agwata-Remo
Rhamnaceae
Ziziphus mucronata Willd. SA35,398 tree fruit 0.22 jan-dec     Langu
Rubiaceae
Fadogia glaberrima Welw. ex Hiern SA51,212,573 shrub fruit 0.19 may-aug Acetdyel    
Gardenia ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn. SA271,477;LA2,CE50,PO14 tree fruit 0.48 feb-mar   Odwong Ekoroi  
Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm.) E.A.Bruce SA15,246,282,354,375,462; CE65,DN452 tree fruit 0.74 nov-dec Ibele Oculup Eutudolei  
Vangueria apiculata K.Schum. SA84,101,224,395,585;PO27 shrub fruit 0.37 mar-nov Amalera Adengonye Emalere, Elepulepu Omorokodo, Polere
Salicaceae
Flacourtia indica (Burm.f.) Merr. SA67,284 tree fruit 0.22 mar-aug Yat Dago, Kokowi    
Oncoba spinosa Forssk. PO8,23 shrub fruit 0.29 nov-jan Ideloro    
Sapotaceae
Vitellaria paradoxa subsp. nilotica (Kotschy) A.N.Henry, Chithra & N.C.Nair SA23,42,200,258 tree fruit 0.44 apr-jul Yao Yaa Ekunguru Yao
      oil   oct-mar     
Solanaceae
Physalis minima L. SA126,135,249,485,580 forb fruit 0.34 aug-nov Kongo Ogwal-Ogwal Kongo Ogwal Etagoli  
Solanum nigrum L. SA11,118,198 forb leaf 0.19 jun-nov Ocuga Ocuga, Ocugocuga   
      fruit   oct-dev     
Vitaceae
Ampelocissus africana (Lour.) Merr. SA14,186,233,457,562 creeper fruit 0.26 sep-nov Olok Olok   
Cyphostemma adenocaule (Steud. ex A.Rich.) Desc. ex Wild & R.B.Drumm. SA18,142,144,256,427,436, 514,558 creeper leaf 0.45 mar-dec   Anunu Emoros Anunu
Zingiberaceae
Aframomum alboviolaceum (Ridl.) K.Schum. SA161,205,339,515 forb fruit 0.23 nov-dec Ocao   Acawoit  
Aframomum sanguineum (K.Schum.) K.Schum. SA455 forb fruit 0.11 nov-dec   Ocao   
Zygophyllaceae
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile SA36,82,162,384,545;CE13 tree leaf, fruit, seed 0.45 apr-nov Too Too Ecomai Thoo