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Table 7 Management strategies for moisture and heat stress across four villages

From: Farmers’ perceptions of navy bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) production constraints, preferred traits and farming systems and their implications on bean breeding: a case study from South East Lowveld region of Zimbabwe

  Village Average (%)  
Stress Strategy Gudyanga (%) Maunganidze (%) Nenhowe (%) Tonhorai (%) P value
Moisture Soil mulching 29 (2) 16 (2) 6 (7) 14 (2) 18 (1) 0.040*
Reducing acreage 11 (3) 5 (6) 17 (3) 14 (2) 11 (3) 0.051
Use of ridges 9 (5) 14 (3) 22 (2) 9 (5) 12 (2) 0.049*
Cultivating to retain more moisture in soil 6 (5) 14 (3) 11 (4) 14 (2) 11 (3) 0.053
Adjusting planting dates 0 (7) 8 (5) 0 (7) 3 (6) 3 (6) 0.053
No control strategy 40 (1) 38 (1) 33 (1) 43 (1) 39 (NC)a 0.052
Watering of plants at night 6 (6) 5 (6) 11 (4) 3 (6) 6 (5) 0.053
Heat Adjusting planting dates 18 (4) 22 (2) 56 (1) 38 (1) 29 (2) 0.006*
Irrigating at night 24 (2) 49 (1) 25 (2) 21 (3) 32 (1) 0.027*
No control strategy 24 (2) 16 (3) 6 (4) 25 (2) 19 (NC) 0.042*
Mulching 33 (1) 14 (4) 13 (3) 17 (4) 20 (3) 0.041*
  1. The % indicates the percentage of respondents using that respective strategy
  2. *Denotes that the village differed significantly at P ≤ 0.05
  3. aNC not a control/management strategy (represents percentage of farmers who reported that they do not use any control or management strategy)