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Table 8 Navy bean marketing constraints experienced by farmers

From: Farmers’ perceptions of navy bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) production constraints, preferred traits and farming systems and their implications on bean breeding: a case study from South East Lowveld region of Zimbabwe

  Village  
Sex Constraint Gudyanga (%) Maunganidze (%) Nenhowe (%) Tonhorai (%) Mean (%) Rank P value
Male Delayed payment by contractor 72 60 24 68 56 3 0.033*
Breach of contract by contractor 0 0 0 64 16 7 0.022*
Low grain producer price 36 28 96 44 51 4 0.019*
Lack of diversity in terms of buyers/off-takers 48 92 84 64 72 2 0.081
None 0 0 0 20 5 NCa 0.107
Expensive packaging material 48 20 0 0 17 7 0.021*
Non-payment for produce in hard currency 100 52 100 96 87 1 0.062
Inflation eroding the value of the produce 48 56 48 44 49 5 0.421
Lack of transport to ferry produce 24 72 12 0 27 6 0.033*
Non-transparent grain grading 24 20 24 0 17 7 0.081
Female Delayed payment by contractor 72 64 20 56 53 3 0.054
Breach of contract by contractor 24 28 0 44 24 6 0.065
Low grain producer price 64 100 60 36 65 2 0.050*
Lack of diversity in terms of buyers/off-takers 64 28 40 76 52 4 0.056
None 0 0 30 24 13.5 NC 0.003*
Expensive packaging material 28 0 40 0 17 7 0.028*
Non-payment for produce in hard currency 100 40 100 100 85 1 0.148
Inflation eroding the value of the produce 0 44 80 24 37 5 0.009*
Lack of transport to ferry produce 24 28 0 0 13 9 0.157
Non-transparent grain grading 0 48 0 12 15 8 0.025*
  1. The % indicates the percentage of respondents experiencing the respective constraint
  2. *Denotes that the villages differed significantly at P ≤ 0.05
  3. aNC not a constraint (represents percentage of farmers who reported that they do not experience any marketing constraint)