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Table 9 Farmers’ trait preference of a navy bean cultivar by sex for improvement during breeding

From: Farmers’ perceptions of navy bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) production constraints, preferred traits and farming systems and their implications on bean breeding: a case study from South East Lowveld region of Zimbabwe

  Village  
Gudyanga (%) Maunganidze (%) Nenhowe (%) Tonhorai (%)
Cultivar characteristic Ma Fb Mnc M F Mn M F Mn M F Mn Mean (%) Overall rank P value
Heat stress tolerance 76 (1) 68 (6) 72 (2) 68 (8) 67 (9) 68 (9) 71 (1) 70 (1) 71 (1) 75 (1) 75 (2) 75 (2) 72 1 0.125
Drought stress tolerance 70 (3) 73 (1) 72 (2) 71 (1) 75 (1) 73 (1) 71 (1) 70 (1) 71 (1) 74 (3) 69 (8) 72 (3) 72 1 0.083
Disease tolerance 70 (3) 72 (3) 71 (4) 71 (1) 75 (1) 73 (1) 71 (1) 70 (1) 71 (1) 72 (4) 72 (4) 72 (3) 72 1 0.059
Insect pest tolerance 68 (5) 68 (6) 68 (6) 69 (6) 66 (10) 68 (9) 71 (1) 70 (1) 71 (1) 75 (1) 76 (1) 76 (1) 71 4 0.985
Canning quality 30 (16) 27 (17) 29 (16) 31 (16) 30 (16) 31 (16) 33 (16) 20 (17) 27 (17) 21 (16) 11 (17) 16 (17) 26 17 0.011*
Short cooking time 68 (5) 67 (8) 68 (6) 68 (8) 63 (11) 66 (11) 69 (7) 66 (7) 68 (7) 62 (11) 73 (3) 68 (10) 68 8 0.116
Grain yield 68 (5) 72 (3) 70 (5) 71 (1) 75 (1) 73 (1) 71 (1) 66 (7) 69 (6) 72 (4) 68 (9) 70 (5) 71 4 0.469
Maturity period 72 (2) 73 (1) 73 (1) 71 (1) 75 (1) 73 (1) 64 (11) 70 (1) 67 (9) 68 (7) 71 (6) 70 (5) 71 4 0.221
Nutritional value iron, zinc 22 (17) 34 (16) 28 (17) 29 (17) 19 (17) 24 (17) 21 (17) 59 (11) 40 (16) 21 (16) 19 (16) 20 (16) 28 16 0.012*
Growth habit 44 (15) 40 (15) 42 (15) 39 (15) 35 (15) 37 (15) 44 (15) 43 (13) 44 (15) 35 (15) 46 (15) 41 (15) 41 15 0.019*
Plant height 54 (12) 49 (12) 52 (12) 53 (12) 50 (12) 52 (12) 50 (12) 43 (13) 47 (12) 58 (12) 52 (12) 55 (12) 52 12 0.560
Resistance to pod shattering 68 (5) 65 (10) 67 (8) 68 (8) 71 (7) 70 (6) 67 (10) 63 (10) 65 (10) 66 (9) 72 (4) 69 (8) 68 8 0.200
Pod size 68 (5) 64 (11) 66 (9) 69 (6) 69 (8) 69 (8) 69 (7) 70 (1) 70 (5) 68 (7) 71 (6) 70 (5) 69 7 0.854
Grain size 62 (10) 69 (5) 66 (9) 71 (1) 75 (1) 73 (1) 69 (7) 66 (7) 68 (7) 66 (9) 65 (11) 66 (11) 68 8 0.714
Grain taste 46 (13) 46 (14) 46 (14) 44 (13) 42 (13) 43 (13) 46 (13) 47 (13) 47 (12) 48 (14) 47 (13) 48 (14) 46 14 0.025*
Storability 62 (10) 67 (8) 65 (11) 65 (11) 75 (1) 70 (6) 71 (1) 59 (11) 65 (10) 70 (6) 68 (9) 69 (8) 67 11 0.504
Ease of shelling 46 (13) 47 (13) 47 (13) 44 (13) 41 (14) 43 (13) 46 (13) 47 (13) 47 (12) 50 (13) 47 (13) 49 (13) 47 13 0.521
  1. The numbers in parentheses () indicate the rank of the respective trait
  2. *Denotes that the villages differed significantly at P ≤0.05
  3. aM male
  4. bF female
  5. cMn average