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Table 1 Plants named in the Mongolian language recorded in MAKK

From: A historical and ethnobotanical study on local botanical knowledge recorded in the book “Mongolia and Amdo and the Dead City of Khara-Khoto

Original record name Corresponding scientific acceptance name Corresponding folk name Meaning Morphological characteristics
Тограк
(Populus euphratica)
Populus euphratica Oliv.
[towray]/tɔ:rɔi/
PN
Хайлис
(-)
Ulmus pumila L.
[xayilasu]/xɑils/
PN
Сульхир
(Agriophyllum gobicum)
Agriophyllum squarrosum (L.) Moq.
[sulhir]/sʊlhir/
PN
Хату-хара
(-)
Amygdalus mongolica (Maxim.) Ricker
[xatagu xar_a]/xɑtʊ: xɑr/
Hard black Branches: hard wood, gray-black in color
*
[ulagan buyilasu]/ʊlɑːn-bʊɪls/
Red Amygdalus pedunculata Flower: red
*
[xar_a modo]/xɑr mɔd/
Black tree Branches: gray-black in color
*
[xar_a buta]/xɑr bʊt/
Black bush Branches: gray-black in color
Карагана
(Caragana)
Caragana Fabr.
[xargan_a]/xɑrgɑnɑː/
PN
Хармык
(Nitraria schoberi)
Nitraria tangutorum Bobr.
[xarmag]/xɑrmɑg/
PN
*
[bögereg]/bo:rog/
PN
*
[usun üsüg]/ʊsn usəg/
Water-rich Sour Berries, juicy
Taste:sour
Дзрзсун
(Lasiagrostis splendens)
Achnatherum splendens (Trin.) Nevski
[deresü]/dərs/
PN
Мото-ширик
(Kobresia thibetica)
Kobresia tibetica Maxim.
[modo sirigi]/mɔd ʃirəg/
Wood grass Culms: rigid and erect, like wood
Цакэлдак
(-)
Iris lactea var. chinensis (Fisch.) Koidz.
[čaxildag]/tʃæxʲɑldɑg/
PN
   *
[čaxirm_a]/tʃæxʲɑrmɑː/
PN
  1. * The folk Mongolian name obtained by interview.
  2. PN primary name, no other meaning.
  3. The species in the inventory are arranged according to the Engler system.
  4. The Mongolian folk names are spelled in Uygur Mongolian and marked with international phonetic symbols [65].The phonetic symbols of written language are in square brackets, and the spoken language ones are in the double slash.