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Table 4 Medicinal plants used by the Chuanqing People

From: Ethnobotanical study on herbal market at the Dragon Boat Festival of Chuanqing people in China

Scientific name Local name Family name PU MP MU Voucher specimen number PR UV CI
Achyranthes longifolia (Makino) Makino Bai Niu Xi Amaranthaceae Whole plant Alcohol maceration An internal lesion caused by overexertion NY-045   0.02 0.02
Aconitum carmichaelii Debeaux Hao Zi Tou Ranunculaceae Roots Vinegar maceration Noxious sore, restoring yang for resuscitation NY-033 AB 0.13 0.13
Aconitum sinomontanum Nakai Chuan Xin Lian Ranunculaceae Rhizomes Decoction, alcohol maceration Gastrosia, abdominal pain NY-001 B 0.04 0.04
Acorus macrospadiceus (Yamam.) F.N.Wei & Y.K.Li Cao Pi Hui Xiang Acoraceae Whole plant Decoction The pain of cold air in the heart and abdomen, deafness and muteness NY-047   0.04 0.04
Akebia trifoliata (Thunb.) Koidz. Mu Tong Lardizabalaceae Rhizomes Decoction An internal lesion caused by overexertion NY-179 A 0.06 0.06
Alcea rosea L. Hong Qi Hua Malvaceae Flowers Soup with glutinous rice wine Gynecopathy NY-041   0.02 0.02
Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch Shan Mo Yu Araceae Root tubers Alcohol maceration, mash Cervical spondylopathy NY-103   0.02 0.02
Anemone rivularis Buch. -Ham. ex DC. Ba Ban Hua Ranunculaceae Roots Decoction Anti-inflammatory NY-120   0.08 0.08
Ardisia crispa (Thunb.) A. DC. Guo Shan Long Primulaceae Roots Decoction Tonsillitis NY-009 B 0.02 0.02
Arisaema heterophyllum Blume Tian Nan Xing Araceae Root tubers Mash Drying dampness to dominate phlegm NY-250 A 0.02 0.02
Aristolochia cucurbitoides C. F. Liang Qing Teng Xiang Aristolochiaceae Roots Decoction Relieve pain NY-150   0.08 0.08
Aristolochia tuberosa C. F. Liang & S. M. Hwang Zhu Sha Lian Aristolochiaceae Roots Slice Dysentery, diarrhea, enteritis NY-101   0.02 0.02
Artemisia argyi H.Lév. & Vaniot Ku Hao Asteraceae Rhizomes Bath Rheumatism NY-057 A 0.10 0.10
Asparagus filicinus Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don Tian Men Dong Asparagaceae Roots Decoction Enrich the blood, suppress cough NY-258   0.06 0.06
Aster indicus L. Huang Hua Cao Asteraceae Whole plant Alcohol maceration Abdominal pain, knee pain NY-028 B 0.04 0.04
Begonia grandis subsp. sinensis (A. DC.) Irmsch. Yi Kou Xue Begoniaceae Root tubers Alcohol maceration, powder with boiled water Wound, hemostasis NY-017   0.06 0.06
Begonia palmata D. Don Shui Ba Jiao Begoniaceae Root tubers Decoction Megrim, gastrosia NY-228 B 0.02 0.02
Berberis triacanthophora Fedde San Ke Ci Berberidaceae Rhizomes Decoction Abdominal pain NY-127   0.02 0.02
Bergenia purpurascens (Hook.f. & Thomson) Engl. Ba Da Jin Gang Saxifragaceae Roots Alcohol maceration Internal lesion caused by overexertion NY- 006 A 0.04 0.04
Bidens tripartita L. Zhan Dian Zi Asteraceae Roots Mash Facilitates qi, intestinal leakage NY-097   0.04 0.04
Bletilla striata (Thunb.) Rchb.f. Bai Ji Orchidaceae Roots Steam with honey Suppress cough, pulmonary tuberculosis NY-263 A 0.04 0.04
Boschniakia himalaica Hook. f. & Thomson. Hao Ling Orobanchaceae Whole plant Cook with chicken Deficiency of the kidney and lumbago NY-147   0.02 0.02
Campylandra chinensis (Baker) M. N. Tamura et al. Wan Nian Pa Asparagaceae Whole plant Decoction Injuries from falls, fractures, contusions and strains, internal lesion caused by overexertion NY-239   0.04 0.04
Chloranthus henryi Hemsl. Si Kuai Wa Chloranthaceae Roots Alcohol maceration Internal lesion caused by overexertion NY-075 B 0.04 0.04
Cibotium barometz (L.) J. Sm. Jin Mao Gou Ji Dicksoniaceae Rhizomes Alcohol maceration, cook with pork Lumbago NY-025   0.02 0.02
Cimicifuga japonica (Thunb.) Spreng. Mu Qing Gan Ranunculaceae Roots Slice Abdominal pain NY-021   0.02 0.02
Citrus cavaleriei H.Lév. ex Cavalerie Ye Gou Gan Rutaceae fruits Decoction Nourish the lung to arrest cough NY-148   0.02 0.02
Codonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf. Dang Shen Campanulaceae Roots Cook with chicken Nourishing NY-029 A 0.06 0.06
Corallodiscus lanuginosus (Wall. ex DC.) B. L. Burtt Huan Hun Cao Gesneriaceae Whole plant Steam with pork, mash, steam with alcohol Infantile malnutrition, hemostasis, injuries from falls, fractures, contusions, and strains NY-090   0.06 0.06
Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. Xian Mao Hypoxidaceae Whole plant Alcohol maceration Lumbago NY-013 A 0.02 0.02
Cynanchum auriculatum Royle ex Wight Ge Shan Xiao Apocynaceae Roots Cook with pork, alcohol maceration Nourishing NY-106 B 0.08 0.08
Cynanchum inamoenum (Maxim.) Loes. ex Gilg. & Loes. Luan Tou Fa Apocynaceae Roots Decoction Internal lesion caused by overexertion and cardiopathy NY-026   0.06 0.06
Cynanchum paniculatum (Bunge) Kitag. ex H.Hara Dui Ye Lian Apocynaceae Whole plant Decoction Gynecopathy NY-249 AB 0.06 0.06
Dendrobium officinale Kimura & Migo Shi Hu Orchidaceae Whole plant Cook with pork Hypertension, suppress cough NY-180 A 0.02 0.02
Disporopsis fuscopicta Hance Yu Zhu Asparagaceae Roots Decoction Promote the secretion of saliva or bodily fluid NY-102 B 0.06 0.06
Disporum cantoniense (Lour.) Merr. Dao Zhu San Colchicaceae Roots Mash Osteoarthralgia NY-098 B 0.02 0.02
Drynaria roosii Nakaike Gu Sui Bu Polypodiaceae Roots Decoction, alcohol maceration Strengthen tendon and bone NY-121   0.06 0.06
Dysosma delavayi (Franch.) Hu Ba Jiao Lian Berberidaceae Whole plant Vinegar maceration, alcohol maceration An internal lesion caused by overexertion, rheumatism, carbuncle toxin, gastrosia NY-205 B 0.06 0.06
Epimedium acuminatum Franch. Tong Si Cao Berberidaceae Whole plant Steam with honey Tracheitis NY-072 B 0.10 0.10
Fagopyrum dibotrys (D.Don) H.Hara Ye Qiao Lan Polygonaceae Roots Decoction Dyspepsia, abdominal pain NY-176 A 0.02 0.02
Fallopia multiflora (Thunb.) Haraldson He-Shi Wu Polygonaceae Root tubers Decoction Cavities, strengthen tendons and bone NY-110 AB 0.08 0.08
Fallopia denticulata (C.C.Huang) Holub Ji Xue Lian Polygonaceae Roots Decoction Diarrhea NY-261   0.02 0.02
Ficus sarmentosa var. impressa (Champ. ex Benth) Corner Luo Shi Teng Moraceae Whole plant Decoction Rheumatism NY-254   0.02 0.02
Gastrodia elata Bl. Tian Ma Orchidaceae Roots Cook with pork Nourishing NY-257 A 0.04 0.04
Gentiana rigescens Franch. ex Hemsl. Long Dan Cao Gentianaceae Whole plant Decoction Abdominal pain NY-030   0.04 0.04
Geum aleppicum Jacq. Lan Bu Zheng Rosaceae Whole plant Fry with eggs, decoction Megrim NY-034 B 0.12 0.12
Gleditsia sinensis Lam. Zao Jiao Ci Fabaceae Thorns Cook with chicken Osteodynia, arthralgia NY-109 AB 0.06 0.06
Habenaria davidii Franch. Shuang Shen Cao Orchidaceae Roots Alcohol maceration Tonify the kidney, strengthen yang NY- 003   0.06 0.06
Hedera nepalensis var. sinensis (Tobler) Rehder San Jiao Feng Araliaceae Whole plant Bath Rheumatism, postpartum itchy skin NY-035 B 0.29 0.29
Hemsleya chinensis var. ningnanensis L.D. Shen & W.J. Chang Ku Jing Pen Cucurbitaceae Root tubers Powder with boiled water Relieve pain NY-166   0.06 0.06
Hylotelephium erythrostictum (Miq.) H. Ohba San Bai Bang Crassulaceae Whole plant Alcohol maceration Internal lesion caused by overexertion NY-052   0.04 0.04
Iris tectorum Maxim Sou Shan Hu Iridaceae Rhizomes Slice Abdominal pain NY-137 B 0.04 0.04
Lasiosphaera seu Calvatia Ma Pi Bao Lycoperdaceae Fruiting bodies Mash Pus and sores NY-157   0.02 0.02
Ligusticum chuanxiong S.H.Qiu, Y.Q.Zeng, K.Y.Pan, Y.C.Tang & J.M.Xu ChuanXiong Apiaceae Rhizomes Steam with eggs, alcohol maceration Sprain, lumbago NY-093 AB 0.04 0.04
Lilium brownii F.E.Br. ex Miellez Bai He Liliaceae Bulbs Cook with chicken, steam with honey Nourish the lung to arrest cough NY-159   0.02 0.02
Liparis campylostalix Rchb.f. Jian Xue Qing Orchidaceae Whole plant Decoction, alcohol maceration Internal lesion caused by overexertion NY-015   0.02 0.02
Lonicera maackii (Rupr.) Maxim. Jin Yin Hua Caprifoliaceae Flowers Decoction Clear and quicken the blood NY-012   0.04 0.04
Lysimachia paridiformis var. stenophylla Franch. Zhui Feng San Primulaceae Whole plant Bath Rheumatism NY-061 B 0.10 0.10
Lysionotus pauciflorus Maxim. Shi Yang Mei Gesneriaceae Whole plant Decoction Rheumatism NY-077 B 0.04 0.04
Magnolia officinalis Rehd. et Wils. Hou Po Guo Magnoliaceae Fruits Decoction Suppress cough NY-007 A 0.02 0.02
Mahonia oiwakensi Hayata Ci Huang Lian Berberidaceae Roots Decoction Rheumatism, internal lesion caused by overexertion NY-027   0.04 0.04
Millettia pachycarpa Benth. Ku Tan Zi Fabaceae Seeds Powder with boiled water Abdominal pain NY-008   0.02 0.02
Myrica nana A. Chev. Suan Yang Mei Myricaceae Root barks,Leaves Decoction, raw Diarrhea, hematochezia NY-256   0.04 0.04
Nandina domestica Thunb. Nan Tian Zhu Berberidaceae Stems, leaves, flowers Alcohol maceration, bath Swelling NY-065 B 0.02 0.02
Neolepisorus fortune Li Wang Shan Ji Wei Polypodiaceae Whole plant Decoction Anti-inflammatory NY-083   0.04 0.04
Pachysandra axillaris subsp. stylosa (Dunn) Boufford & Q.Y. Xiang Shan Ban Deng Buxaceae Whole plant Decoction Icterohepatitis NY-108   0.08 0.08
Panax japonicus (T.Nees) C.A.Mey. Ma Ye San Qi Araliaceae Roots Alcohol maceration, decoction Internal lesion caused by overexertion, nourishing NY-107 A 0.04 0.04
Paris polyphylla Sm Du Jiao Lian Melanthiaceae Rhizomes Decoction, alcohol maceration Cardiopathy, sores, swelling NY-144 AB 0.13 0.13
Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton Zi Su Ye Lamiaceae Aerial parts Decoction Cold NY-133   0.04 0.04
Periploca forrestii Schltr. Hei Gu Teng Apocynaceae Vines Decoction Rheumatism, lumbago and leg pain NY-251 B 0.04 0.04
Peucedanum praeruptorum Dunn Yi Ma Cai Apiaceae Whole plant Decoction Diaphoresis NY-067 A 0.06 0.06
Phellodendron chinense var. glabriusculum C.K.Schneid. Huang Guo Pi Rutaceae Barks Decoction Heat-clearing and dampness-drying NY-252   0.04 0.04
Phytolacca acinosa Roxb. Da Han Cai Phytolaccaceae Rhizomes Decoction Hydronics, nourishing NY-036 A 0.04 0.04
Plantago major L. Che Qian Plantaginaceae Whole plant Decoction Heat-clearing and detoxifying NY-073   0.13 0.13
Pleione yunnanensis (Rolfe) Rolfe Hong Ji Orchidaceae Root tubers Steam with honey Suppress cough, pulmonary tuberculosis NY-024   0.04 0.04
Polygonatum kingianum Collett & Hemsl. Lao Hu Jiang Asparagaceae Root tubers Decoction Icterohepatitis NY-105 A 0.02 0.02
Polygonatum punctatum Royle ex Kunth Huang Jing Asparagaceae Roots Cook with pork Nourishing WangQH032   0.06 0.06
Polygonum aviculare L. Xiao Shui Hong Hua Polygonaceae Whole plant Decoction Icterohepatitis NY-085 A 0.02 0.02
Polygonum capitatum Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don Si Ji Hong Polygonaceae Whole plant Decoction Nephritis NY-084 B 0.13 0.13
Polygonum viviparum L. Di Ma Feng Polygonaceae Rhizomes Decoction Dysentery NY-158   0.04 0.04
Potentilla discolor Bunge Tian Qing Di Bai Rosaceae Whole plant Decoction Dysentery NY-163 A 0.13 0.13
Primula cernua Franch. Mi San Hua Primulaceae Whole plant Decoction Infertility NY-191   0.04 0.04
Prunella vulgaris L. Bang Chui Cao Lamiaceae Whole plant Decoction Heat-clearing NY-119 A 0.04 0.04
Pyrola calliantha Andres Lu Han Cao Ericaceae Whole plant Cook with pork Rheumatism, suppressing cough, lumbago NY-020 A 0.06 0.06
Reineckea carnea (Andrews) Kunth Guan Yin Cao Asparagaceae Whole plant Decoction, alcohol maceration Cold, relax the veins and stimulate blood circulation NY-264 B 0.06 0.06
Rhodiola yunnanensis (Franch.) S. H. Fu Hu Dou Qi Crassulaceae Roots Alcohol maceration Internal lesion caused by overexertion NY-016   0.02 0.02
Rubia cordifolia L. Xiao Hong Teng Rubiaceae Rhizomes Alcohol maceration Relax the veins and stimulate blood circulation NY-253 A 0.04 0.04
Sambucus javanica Blume Wu Yang Cao Adoxaceae Whole plant Bath Rheumatism NY-046   0.08 0.08
Sanguisorba officinalis L. Zao Er Huang Rosaceae Rhizomes Decoction Diarrhea NY-125 AB 0.02 0.02
Saxifraga stolonifera Curtis. Fan Bei Hong Saxifragaceae Whole plant Ears drop, bath Earache NY-094 B 0.04 0.04
Senecio analogus DC. Qian Li Guang Asteraceae Aerial parts Decoction, bath Heat-clearing, rheumatism NY-216   0.04 0.04
Sinocrassula indica (Decne.) A. Berger Gou Ya Ban Crassulaceae Whole plant Cook with pork, crush with glutinous rice wine Mastitis, icterohepatitis NY-082   0.04 0.04
Spiraea japonica L. f. Yi Cuo Jiao Rosaceae Roots Decoction Skin disease NY-260 B 0.06 0.06
Stellaria media (L.) Vill E Er Chang Caryophyllaceae Whole plant Decoction Lithiasis NY-116   0.02 0.02
Talinum paniculatum (Jacq.) Gaertn. Hua Qi Shen Talinaceae Whole plant Alcohol maceration, cook with chicken Nourishing, nose bleeding NY-050 B 0.02 0.02
Taraxacum mongolicum Hand. -Mazz. Pu Gong Ying Asteraceae Whole plant Decoction Gynecopathy NY-128 A 0.08 0.08
Taxus chinensis (Pilg.) Rehder Hong Dou Shan Taxaceae Stems,Lraves Decoction Suppress cough, relieve pain, gynecopathy NY-200   0.08 0.08
Tinospora sagittata Gagnep. Shan Ci Ku Menispermaceae Root tubers Powder with boiled water Neck pain, laryngitis, dysentery, abdominal pain NY-169 B 0.08 0.08
Urtica fissa E. Pritz. Lao Hu Ma Urticaceae Leaves Bath, decoction Rheumatism NY-058   0.08 0.08
Veratrum nigrum L. Xiao Zhong Gen Melanthiaceae Rhizomes Decoction Detoxification NY-178 B 0.08 0.08
Verbena officinalis L. Ma Bian Shao Verbenaceae Whole plant Decoction Varicella NY-096 A 0.04 0.04
Viola fargesii H. Boissieu Di He Tao Violaceae Whole plant Decoction Set a bone, palpitation NY-088   0.08 0.08