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Table 4 Specific food taken during the postpartum period by the mother and the reasons for it

From: Traditional food taboos and practices during pregnancy, postpartum recovery, and infant care of Zulu women in northern KwaZulu-Natal

Education background
None
n = 23
Grades 1–7
n = 24
Grades 8–12
n = 63
TEd
n = 30
Total
n = 140 (%)
Food taken during postpartum Reason
13 16 44 8 81 (58) Soft porridge (maize porridge) Restore strength and encourage lactation
5 8 15 9 37 (26) All fruits and vegetables Increases and restores blood
6 4 15 11 36 (26) Beetroot To cleanse and restore loss blood and to avoid constipation
4 7 15 2 28 (20) Tea Encourages lactation
2   14 8 24 (17) Liver Increases blood
2 2 18 3 25 (18) Mageu (fortified maize drink) Encourages lactation, gives strength and energy
2 5 4 6 17 (12) Meat Build muscles
2 4 9 2 17 (12) Amasi (fermented milk) Restore strength and blood, facilitates lactation
2 4 8 1 15 (11) Coffee, milo Encourages lactation
   5 6 11 (8) Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) and Mfino (leafy vegetables) Healthy, provides energy, Increases lactation, restores blood
1 1 4 3 9 (6) Samp (crushed maize) Restores energy
1   4 1 6 (40 Beans Restores energy, boosts lactation
2   2 1 5 (4) Peanuts Restore strength and blood
  1 2 1 4 (3) Eggs Healthy, increases the blood
1 1   1 3 (2) Hot porridge Burns the dirty blood after delivery, to regain energy
   2 1 3 (2) Yoghurt If you have a cesarean delivery, it prevents a big tummy
   2 1 3 (2) Water Facilitates lactation
   3   3 (2) Pumpkin Restores energy
   2   2 (1) Cheese, polony (processed sausage) Provide vitamins
1     1 (0.7) Maize bread Restores energy and builds muscles
    1 1 (0.7) Chicken soup Warms the body after delivery
    1 1 (0.7) Brown bread Restores energy
1   1   1 (0.7) Ingontshwa/amabhelebhele plant (latex) (Sarcostemma viminale (L) R. Br) Encourages lactation
  1    1 (0.7) Isijingi (porridge made from Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai) Facilitates lactation
   1   1 (0.7) Juice Facilitates lactation
   1   1 (0.7) Amadumbe Restores energy
   1   1 (0.7) Coke Facilitates lactation
   1   1 (0.7) Mayonnaise To regain strength
   1   1 (0.7) Fish To regain blood
  1. n number of participants responded, TEd tertiary education, Grade refers to the twelve classes (grades 1–12) that one attends at basic education before qualifying for the senior certificate to tertiary institutions