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Table 5 Desired breeding traits by Benin and Ghana farmers for an improved variety of Synsepalum dulcificum

From: Comparative analysis of management practices and end-users’ desired breeding traits in the miracle plant [Synsepalum dulcificum (Schumach & Thonn.) Daniell] across ecological zones and sociolinguistic groups in West Africa

Traits Cumulated score Rank Reasons (relative citation frequency)
Big fruit size 202 1st For more clients and an easy selling (0.57); a better use efficiency due to higher pulp mass (0.19); for more weight for more income (0.19); for performant offsprings (0.03); easy harvesting (0.02)
Early fruiting 191 2nd Early benefice (consumption, sales) from the species (1)
High fruit yielding 166 3rd For more income (0.82); for a diversity of utilization (0.18)
Dwarf tree 83 4th Easy harvesting (0.92); easier integration in agroforestry systems (0.2)
High fruit miraculin content 69 5th Attract more clients (0.63); landmark characteristics necessary to enjoy the fruit (0.37)
Fruit freshness 53 6th To attract the buyer/consumer (0.69); for safety of consumption (0.31)
Large tree crown 31 7th High productivity (0.56); fruit less exposed to stealing (0.1); provide shelter to rest (0.23); easy management operation (0.06); escaping children disturbance (0.05)
Long fruit shelf life 22 8th Increased storability for a staggered utilization/commercialization (1)
Biotic stress resistance 18 9th Healthy and productive tree (0.57); longevity of the tree (0.25); to have pest-free and clean fruits (0.18)
Fast growing 15 10th Reduced waiting time to fruiting (1)
High fruiting frequency 12 11th For more revenue (0.55); for more fruits at the end of the year (0.36); for permanent availability of the fruits (0.09)
Abiotic stress tolerance 7 12th Maintenance of fruiting performance (0.68); better water use efficiency (0.16); high survival rate (0.16)
Big stem diameter 7 13th Higher resistance to abiotic stress (0.57); high production (0.28); withstanding children disturbance (0.15)
Extended on-tree fruit shelf life 7 14th For a reduced on-farm post ripening loss (1)
Long lasting production 5 15th For a long-lasting benefit from it (1)
Low shedding 4 16th For a high production (1)
High fruit edible ratio 2 17th For more juice from the fruit (1)
Uniformity of ripening 1 18th For a one-once grouped harvest (1)