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Table 3 List of ethnospecies cited in interviews by fishers (“piabeiros”). (n = number of citations by interviewees)

From: Ichthyological ethnoknowledge of the “piabeiros” from the Amazon region, Brazil

Family Local name/scientific name Relative frequency (%) Absolute frequency (n)
Cichlidae Acará disco Symphysodon discus Heckel, 1840 5.38 34
Acará azulãoa 0.16 1
Cichlidae Acará baru Uaru amphiacanthoides Heckel, 1840 0.16 1
Cichlidae Acará peixeiroa 0.16 1
Lebiasinidae Anostomo trifasciatus Nannostomus trifasciatus Steindachner, 1876 0.32 2
Cichlidae Apistograma Apistogramma spp 3.96 25
Potamotrygonidae Araia aireba Paratrygon aiereba Müller and Henle, 1841 0.95 6
Potamotrygonidae Araia cururu Potamotrygon wallacei Carvalho, Rosa and Araújo, 2016 3.64 23
Potamotrygonidae Araia motoro Potamotrygon motoro Müller and Henle, 1841 3.80 24
Potamotrygonidae Araia orbignyi Potamotrygon orbignyi Castelnau, 1855 0.16 1
Potamotrygonidae Araia Schroederi Potamotrygon schroederi Fernández-Yépez, 1958 0.16 1
Potamotrygonidae Araia Potamotrygon spp 4.91 31
Osteoglossidae Aruanã Osteoglossum spp 0.32 2
Loricariidae Bodó cor de mapa Peckoltia spp 0.16 1
Bodó cutiaa 0.63 4
Loricariidae Bodó espinho Pseudocanthicus spp 0.79 5
Loricariidae Bodó jauari Loricarridae spp 0.95 6
Loricariidae Bodó luminol Ancistrus spp 0.32 2
Loricariidae Bodó onça Pterygoplichthys gibbiceps Kner, 1854 3.80 24
Bodó pandaa 0.16 1
Bodó pedraa 0.16 1
Loricariidae Bodó percote Peckoltia spp 1.11 7
Loricariidae Bodó seda Ancistrus dolichopterus Kner, 1854 6.49 41
Loricariidae Bodóa 1.42 9
Bodó tuía 0.16 1
Loricariidae Bodó zebra Peckoltia spp 0.47 3
Gasteropelecidae Borboleta Carnegiella spp 9.18 58
Gasteropelecidae Borboleta branca Carnegiella marthae Myers, 1927 0.16 1
Gasteropelecidae Borboleta rajada Carnegiella strigata Günther, 1864 0.16 1
Characidae Cardinal Paracheirodon axelrodi Schultz, 1956 12.50 79
Callichthyidae Coridora Corydoras spp 0.79 5
Loricariidae Farowela Farlowella spp 0.16 1
Apteronotidae Ituí cavalo Apteronotus albifrons Linnaeus, 1766 0.16 1
Lebiasinidae Lápis Nannostomus spp 6.65 42
Lebiasinidae Marginatus Nannostomus marginatus Eigenmann, 1909 2.53 16
Characidae Neon Paracheirodon innesi Myers, 1936 3.64 23
Belonidae Peixe agulha Potamorrhaphis guianensis Jardine, 1843 0.32 2
Characidae Rodostomo Hemigrammus bleheri Géry and Mahnert, 1986 8.39 53
Characidae Rosacéu Hyphessobrycon spp 7.75 49
Uricaiaa 0.16 1
Cichlidae Xadrez Dicrossus spp 6.80 43
Total   100 632
  1. aSpecies for which it was not possible to carry out the identification based on the description of the interviewees