Skip to main content

Table 7 All recorded plants and their uses

From: How does urbanization affect perceptions and traditional knowledge of medicinal plants?

Species Common name Origin (1: native, 2: introduced) Number of mentions (ELC) Number of mentions (TGO) Use Preparation methods
Acacia angustissima (Mill.) Kuntze Timbre 1 5 4 Stomachache, acne Tea, machacado
Acacia bilimekii J.F.Macbr. Tehuixtle 1 0 2 Cold sore, bruxism Chewed
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd. Huizache 1 1 6 Cold sore, bruxism, kidney stones, prostate, liver Tea, applied to affected area, placed with salt, chewed, smeared
Acalypha aristata Kunth Hierba del cancer 1 1 0 Wounds, diuretic, kidneys, gastric ulcer Tea
Acosmium panamense (Benth.) Yakovlev Chichiqui 1 0 1 Psoriasis Washing
Agave angustifolia Haw. Maguey 1 0 1 Wounds Drops over wound
Agave salmiana Otto ex Salm-Dyck Maguey de Pulque 1 0 1 Cancer prevention Tea
Allium cepa L. Cebolla 2 0 4 Diabetes, cough, teething pain in babies, tonsillitis Placed on feet, tea
Allium sativum L. Ajo 2 1 6 Cough, diabetes, teething pain in babies, scorpion sting In alcohol, eaten, tea
Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f. Sábila 2 3 28 Prostate, promote weight loss, kidneys, gastritis, wounds, diabetes, menstrual cramps, gastric ulcer, inflammation, skin burns, hair health, postpartum, high blood pressure, kidneys, stomachache, cancer Liquified, drink with milk, placed on feet, juice, patches, applied to affected area, eaten, grilled, smeared, baths
Amphipterygium adstringens (Schltdl.) Standl. Cuachalalate 1 23 60 Wounds, gastritis, kidneys, cancer, inflammation, lungs, rash, kidney stones, ulcers, menstrual cramps, stomachache, diarrhea Boiled, place dried and ground on area with pain, washing, baths, tea, wine
Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. Piña 2 0 3 Diabetes, uric acid, kidney stones Liquified
Annona muricata L. Guanábana 2 0 6 High blood pressure, cancer, diabetes Tea, eaten
Apoplanesia paniculata C.Presl Escobilla 1 0 1 Diarrhea Tea
Aristolochia subclausa S.Watson Tlacopatle 1 0 1 Foot pain Applied to affected area
Artemisia absinthium L. Ajenjo 1 0 2 Stomachache, bile Tea
Artemisia ludoviciana subsp. mexicana (Willd. ex Spreng.) D.D.Keck Estafiate 1 0 4 Stomachache, diarrhea Tea
Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam. Yaca 2 0 1 Anemia Tea
Arundo donax L. Cañaveral/Carrizo 2 2 2 Kidneys, lungs, pain Boiled, tea
Asclepias curassavica L. Venenillo, algodoncillo 1 1 1 Cold sores Applied to affected area
Asterohyptis stellulata (Benth.) Epling Chia 1 0 1 Diarrhea Tea
Avena sativa L. Avena 2 0 3 Blood pressure Liquified, tea
Azadirachta indica A. Juss. Neem 2 1 23 Diabetes, kidneys, pain in hands, circulation, stress Boiled, capsules
Barkleyanthus salicifolius (Kunth) H.Rob. & Brettell Azumiate 1 0 3 Energetic cleansing Rubbed on body
Bidens bipontina Sherff Acetillo 1 0 0 Wounds Smeared
Bidens odorata Cav. Aceitillo 1 2 1 Wounds Applied to affected area
Bougainvillea glabra Choisy Bugambilia 2 2 15 Cough, rash, colds Boiled, tea, baths
Bouvardia ternifolia (Cav.) Schltdl. Clavillo 1 3 0 Kidneys, diabetes Tea
Brassica smelledacea L. Col 2 0 2 Indigestion, insomnia Placed under the pillow belly and back
Bromelia pinguin L. Tim 1 0 0 Kidneys, gastritis Tea, eaten
Brownea ariza Benth. Palo de Cruz 2 2 0 Bruises Washing, tea
Bunchosia canescens (Aiton) DC. Nanche criollo/Nanche de perro 1 1 1 Inflammation, diarrhea Tea
Bursera ariensis (Kunth) McVaugh & Rzed. Palo de Oro/Palo Dorado 1 13 3 Bones, fever, knees, heels, hips, fractures Applied to affected area, patches, tea
Bursera bipinnata (Moc. & Sessé ex DC.) Engl. Copal de Piedra 1 0 1 Postpartum Smoked
Bursera copallifera (Sessé & Moc. ex DC.) Bullock Copal 1 4 0 Cough, purify blood, fever Inhale steam, patches, boiled
Bursera grandifolia (Schltdl.) Engl. Palo mulato 1 1 2 Wounds, bruises, purify blood Boiled, smeared, washing
Byrsonima crassifolia (L.) Kunth Nanche 1 0 1 Indigestion Tea
Calea zacatechichi Schltdl. Prodigiosa/Zacatechichi/Amula 1 20 27 Diabetes, anger, terror, stomachache, menstrual cramps, diarrhea, cold, diabetes Tea, alcohol
Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze Tea de la india 2 0 0 Anger Boiled
Cannabis sativa L. Marihuana 2 0 1 Muscle pain Alcohol
Capsicum annuum L. Chile 1 0 1 Aerophagia in children Smoked
Carica papaya L. Papaya/Papayo 1 1 5 Scorpion sting, stomachache, dengue, Zika Tea, baths, applied to affected area
Carya illinoinensis (Wangenh.) K.Koch Nuez 2 0 1 Diabetes Liquified
Cascabela ovata (Cav.) Lippold Ayoyote 1 1 0 Skin infections Tea
Casimiroa edulis La Llave Zapote blanco 1 0 4 High triglycerides, high blood pressure, insomnia, cough Tea, placed under the pillow
Cecropia obtusifolia Bertol. Guarumbo 1 0 1 Diabetes Tea
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn. Pochote 1 0 1 Strenghten immune system Tea
Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All. Manzanilla 2 0 54 Stomachache, eye irritation, flu, colic in babies, fever, diarrhea, cough Tea, drops, washing
Chamaesyce umbellulata (Engelm. ex Boiss.) Millsp. Hierbabuenilla 2 0 0 Bruises and inflammation Tea
Chelidonium majus L. Celidonea 2 0 2 Skin rash, inflammation Baths, applied to affected area
Chiranthodendron pentadactylon Larreat. Flor de Manitas 1 0 1 Pain Tea
Cinnamomum verum J.Presl Canela 2 0 7 Cough, diarrhea, vomit, stomachache Tea
Cirsium ehrenbergii Sch.Bip. Cardo 1 0 1 Love potion Alcohol
Cissus verticillata (L.) Nicolson & C.E.Jarvis Tripa de Judas 1 2 0 Scorpion sting Boiled
Citrus aurantiifolia (Christm.) Swingle Lima/Lima Chichona/Lima Real/Flor de Azahar 2 0 5 High blood pressure, nerves Tea, eaten, liquified
Citrus limon (L.) Osbeck Limón/Flor de Azahar 2 1 16 Nerves, prostate, diarrhea, low blood pressure, kidney stones, inflammation, flu, diabetes, fever, Scorpion sting, cough, chest pain, insomnia Tea, necklace, liquified, juice, rinses, applied to affected area, with milk
Citrus maxima (Burm.) Merr. Toronja 2 0 1 High triglycerides Juice
Citrus reticulata Blanco Mandarina 2 0 1 Cough Tea
Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck Naranja/Flor de Azahar 2 1 3 Postpartum, flu, cough, headache Boiled, juice, baths
Cnidoscolus aconitifolius (Mill.) I.M.Johnst. Chaya 1 0 3 Prostate, uric acid, kidneys Tea, liquified
Cochlospermum vitifolium (Willd.) Spreng. Palo de Pánico/Pánico 1 4 0 Diabetes, gastritis Tea
Cocos nucifera L. Coco 2 0 1 Platelets Tea
Coffea arabica L. Café 2 0 1 Dengue Placed on soles with butter
Commelina zebrina C.B.Clarke Hierba del pollo/Hoja de pollo 1 0 7 Wounds, diabetes, dysentery, anemia, kidneys Tea, liquified
Conyza coronopifolia Kunth Gordolobo 1 2 1 Cough, bronchitis Tea
Cordia boissieri A.DC. Anacahuite 1 2 2 Cough Tea
Cordia morelosana Standl. Palo Prieto 1 0 2 Cough, cystitis Tea
Coryphantha elephantidens subsp. bumamma (Ehrenb.) Dicht & A.Lüthy * Biznaga 1 2 2 Diabetes, pityriasis rosacea, kidneys Tea, liquified, eaten
Costus spicatus (Jacq.) Sw. Caña 1 0 1 Kidneys Tea
Crataegus mexicana DC. Tejocote 1 0 1 Cough Tea
Crescentia alata Kunth Cuatecomate 1 14 50 Cough, kidneys, asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, lungs, cancer, gastric ulcer, earache Drops, tea, syrup, alcohol, wine
Croton niveus Jacq. Copalzi 1 1 0 Purify blood, diabetes Boiled
Cucumis sativus L. Pepino 2 0 1 Wounds Applied to affected area
Cucurbita moschata Duchesne Calabaza 1 1 0 Diarrhea Tea
Cuminum cyminum L. Comino 2 0 4 Stomachache, bulging belly, vomiting, diarrhea Tea
Cunila lythrifolia Benth. Poleo 1 0 3 Flu, pain Vaporizations, tea
Cuphea micropetala Kunth Taray 1 0 1 Kindeys Tea
Cuscuta tinctoria Mart. ex Engelm. Chahuistle 1 0 1 Cold sores, sores Applied to affected area
Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf Tea de Caña/Zacatelimón 2 0 3 Nerves, blood pressure Tea
Dalea alopecuroides Willd. Escoba 1 0 2 Vaginal bleeding Tea
Datura innoxia Mill. Toloache 1 1 0 Swollen pimples, bruises Tea
Diphysa americana (Mill.) M.Sousa Chicharronsillo 1 1 0 Fever, diarrhea Tea
Dysphania ambrosioides (L.) Mosyakin & Clemants Epazote 1 1 10 Diarrhea, stomach parasites, menstrual cramps, stomachache Tea, eaten
Elytraria acaulis (L.f.) Lindau Viborilla 2 3 0 Snakebite or scorpion sting Boiled, chewed
Equisetum arvense L. Cola de caballo 1 0 5 Kidneys, wounds, cystitis Tea
Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. Níspero 2 0 1 Migraine Tea
Eryngium beecheyanum Hook. & Arn. Hierba del sapo 1 0 1 Swollen feet Tea
Erythrina americana Mill. Chompantle 1 1 0 Kidneys Tea
Eucalyptus globulus Labill. Eucalipto 2 1 7 Flu, bronchitis Tea, vaporizations
Euphorbia aaron-rossii A.H.Holmgren & N.H.Holmgren Istumeca 1 0 1 Fever Applied to affected area
Euphorbia tithymaloides L. Zapatito 1 0 2 Buried spines Applied to affected area
Eysenhardtia polystachya (Ortega) Sarg. Palo Dulce/Palo Azul 1 15 20 Kidneys, cystitis, diabetes, burning feet, gastritis Tea, washing,
Ficus carica L. Higo 2 0 3 High triglycerides, diabetes, wounds Tea
Ficus sp. Amate 1 0 2 Fever Placed on feet
Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Hinojo 2 0 1 Stomachache, diarrhea Tea
Guadua amplexifolia J.Presl Otate 1 0 1 Gumboil Tea
Guazuma ulmifolia Lam. Caulote/Cuauhulote 1 0 5 Red stains in babies, kidneys, colic in babies Baths, washing, infusion
Haematoxylum brasiletto H.Karst. Palo de Brasil 1 14 15 Prostate, kidneys, cystitis, herpes, clean face, fever, diabetes, lungs, blood pressure Tea, rinses
Helianthemum glomeratum (Lag.) Lag. ex Dunal Santa Martha 1 0 1 Muscle ache Alcohol
Heliocarpus americanus L. Clanguilagua 1 0 2 Cystitis, Scorpion sting Tea, eaten
Heteropterys brachiata (L.) DC. Margarita 1 3 3 Skin irritation, purify blood, cough, kidneys Tea, baths, infusion
Heterotheca inuloides Cass. Árnica 1 6 13 Sprains, wounds, gastritis, kidney stones, pain, bruises, inflammation, liver Tea, plater, applied to affected area, washing, smeared, poultice
Hibiscus sabdariffa L. Jamaica 2 0 1 Kidneys Tea
Hintonia latiflora (Sessé & Moc. ex DC.) Bullock Quina 1 1 2 Bile, wounds, flu, purify blood Tea
Hippocratea excelsa Kunth Ixcate/Cancerina 1 3 7 Wounds, gastritis, yeast infections, cold sores Tea, ground, washing, applied to affected area
Illicium verum Hook.f. Anís/Anís de Estrella 2 0 3 Stomachache, vomiting, diarrhea Tea
Inga vera Willd. Jinicuil 1 1 0 Stress Tea
Ipomoea arborescens (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) G. Don Palo Blanco/Cazahuate 1 1 2 Cancer, scorpion sting Tea
Ipomoea murucoides Roem. & Schult. Cazahuate amarillo 1 1 1 Throat inflammation, cough Tea, applied to affected area
Justicia spicigera Schltdl. Muicle 1 2 15 Kidneys, rash, varicella, red blood cells, circulation, migraine, cystitis, allergies Baths, tea,
Lasiacis nigra Davidse Carricillo 2 0 3 Kidneys, gallbladder Liquified, tea
Lemaireocereus hollianus (F.A.C. Weber) Britton & Rose Calehuale 1 1 0 Diarrhea Tea
Leucaena esculenta (DC.) Benth. Guaje colorado 1 0 1 Cold sore Applied to affected area
Lippia dulcis Trevir. Hierba Dulce 1 1 0 Head ache Boiled
Lippia graveolens Kunth Orégano 1 0 3 Stomachache, menstrual cramps Tea
Loeselia mexicana (Lam.) Brand Espinosilla 1 1 0 Fever Tea
Ludwigia octovalvis (Jacq.) P.H.Raven Clavillo 1 0 1 High blood pressure Tea
Malus domestica Borkh. Manzana 2 0 1 Diabetes Liquified
Malva parviflora L. Malva 2 0 0 Inflammation Tea
Malvaviscus arboreus Cav. Monacillo 1 0 1 Stomachache Tea
Mangifera indica L. Mango 2 0 2 Diabetes, cough Tea
Marginatocereus marginatus (DC.) Backeb. Orégano 1 1 1 Scorpion sting Applied to affected area
Marina nutans (Cav.) Barneby Escoba roja 1 0 0 Vaginal bleeding, fidelity Tea
Marrubium vulgare L. Manrubio 2 3 0 Diarrhea Boiled
Marsdenia lanata (Paul G. Wilson) W.D. Stevens Caxancapatli blanco 1 0 1 Postpartum Baths
Melia azedarach L. Paraíso 2 0 1 Indigestion Tea
Mentha canadensis L. Hierba buena 2 12 42 Stomachache, vomit, menstrual cramps, diarrhea, toothache, stress, bad breath, bruises Tea, foments, infusion, chewed
Mentha spicata L. Menta 2 0 1 Stomachache Tea
Microlobius foetidus (Jacq.) M.Sousa & G.Andrade Hediondillo 1 0 1 Rash in children Rub over body
Mimosa affinis Robinson Dormilona 1 0 0 Vaginal bleeding Tea
Mimosa albida Willd. Uña de Gato 1 0 2 Kidneys, prostate Tea
Mimosa benthamii J.F.Macbr. Tecolhuixtle 1 1 0 Wounds Tea
Montanoa tomentosa Cerv. Vara de Cuilota 1 0 1 Bruises Washing
Morinda citrifolia L. Noni 2 0 2 High triglycerides, diabetes Tea, liquified
Moringa oleifera Lam. Moringa 2 1 26 Diabetes, menstrual cramps, dizziness, knee pain, kidneys, cancer, high triglycerides, energy Tea, liquified, eaten, chewed
Moussonia deppeana (Schltdl. & Cham.) Klotzsch ex Hanst. Cacahuetillo 1 1 0 Diarrhea Tea
Musa balbisiana Colla Platano macho 2 1 0 Diabetes, gastritis Tea
Myristica fragrans Houtt. Nuez Moscada 2 0 4 Lungs, anger, dizziness, blood pressure, postpartum Wine, placed under tongue or area with pain, smoked
Myroxylon balsamum (L.) Harms Guayacán amarillo 2 4 0 Anger Boiled
Nicotiana glauca Graham Hojas de gigante 1 0 1 Toothache Smeared
Nicotiana tabacum L. Tabaco 1 0 2 Postpartum, fever, chills Baths, applied to affected area
Nissolia fruticosa Jacq. Manea de toro 1 0 1 Kidneys Tea
Ocimum basilicum L. Albahaca 2 3 10 Bad air, cold, cough, inflammation, stomachache, earache, eye cataracts Baths, inhale steam, tea, applied to affected area, placed in eyes, smeared
Oenothera rosea L'Hér. ex Aiton Hierba del golpe 1 4 6 Bruises, muscle aches, gastric ulcer, sprains, inflammation Applied to affected area, smeared, foments, tea, washing, plater
Opuntia atropes Rose Nopal 1 1 2 Inflammation, diabetes, kidneys Tea, liquified
Parmentiera aculeata (Kunth) Seem. Cuajilote 1 0 2 Kidneys, earache Eaten, drops, tea
Parthenium hysterophorus L. Cola de zorra 1 2 0 Anger Tea
Passiflora edulis Sims Maracuyá 2 0 26 Cough, dengue, platelets, diabetes, blood pressure Tea, syrup, juice
Peperomia granulosa Trel. Gordoncillo 1 1 0 Bone fractures Tea
Persea americana Mill. Aguacate 1 0 1 Menstrual cramps Tea
Persea liebmannii Mez Aguacatillo 1 1 0 Tapeworms Tea
Phalaris canariensis L. Alpiste 2 0 3 Diabetes, blood pressure Tea, savor, applied to affected area, massage, baths
Physalis pubescens L. Tomate 1 0 7 Tonsillitis, indigestion, vomit, postpartum, narrow palate Poultice
Pilea pubescens Liebm. Chichicastle 1 0 1 Skin allergies Baths
Pinus leiophylla Schiede ex Schltdl. & Cham. Ocote 1 0 1 Cough Tea
Piper auritum Kunth Hoja santa 1 0 1 Menstrual cramps Tea
Piper leucophyllum (Miq.) C. DC. Cordoncillo 1 0 1 Purify children Rub over body
Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. Guamuchil 1 1 1 Cystitis Tea
Pithecellobium sp. Guamuchil morado 1 0 1 Wounds Washing
Plectranthus hadiensis (Forssk.) Schweinf. ex Sprenger Hierba de Vaporub/Alcanfor 2 0 3 Cold, wounds, cough Smeared, infusion, tea
Polygonum aviculare L. Lengua de pajaro 1 0 1 Cystitis Tea
Porophyllum ruderale (Jacq.) Cass. Papalo de venado 1 2 0 Wounds Washing, place dried and ground on area with pain, tea
Prosopis juliflora (Sw.) DC. Bejuco de Mezquite 1 0 0 Kidneys Tea
Prosopis laevigata (Willd.) M.C.Johnst. Mezquite 1 1 0 Liver Boiled
Psidium guajava L. Guayabo 1 1 45 Hangover, stomachache, diarrhea, vomiting, gastritis, colic, cough Tea
Psittacanthus calyculatus (DC.) G.Don Injerto de Huizache 1 0 2 Kidneys Tea
Punica granatum L. Granada 2 0 6 Cough, diarrhea, cancer, dysentery, thrush, cold sores, wounds Tea, place dried and ground on area with pain, eaten, juice
Quercus castanea Née Encino/Encinillo/Ahuatzitzin 1 2 0 Cough Tea
Randia echinocarpa Moc. & Sessé ex DC. Granjel/Granjel manso 1 9 3 Kidneys, wounds, cystitis Tea, washing, eaten
Rauvolfia tetraphylla L. Tlanelpolo/Tlalnenelpol 1 0 5 Postpartum, sore feet, diabetes, dengue, muscle ache, typhoid, fever Baths, tea, alcohol
Rhamnus humboldtiana Willd. ex Schult. Coyotillo 1 1 0 Toothache Chew leaves
Ricinus communis L. Higuerilla/Higuerillo 2 2 12 Indigestion, fever, stomachache Applied to affected area and feet
Rosa gallica L. Rosa de Castilla 2 0 1 Colic in babies Baths
Rosmarinus officinalis L. Romero 2 0 2 Stomachache, diabetes Tea
Ruellia megasphaera Lindau Tea negro 2 1 1 Stomachache, vomiting, diarrhea Tea
Ruta chalepensis L. Ruda 1 4 21 Bad air, indigestion, stomachache, witchcraft, headache, menstrual cramps, earache, dizziness, postpartum, anger Baths, inhale steam, tea, rubbed over body, smeared, drops, with milk
Sambucus canadensis L. Saúco 1 0 1 Cough Tea
Sanvitalia procumbens Lam. Ojo de Gallo 1 1 2 Cystitis, kidneys Tea
Schinus molle L. Pirul 2 0 2 Witchcraft, cold Rubbed on body, tea
Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw. Chayote 1 0 1 High blood pressure Tea
Sedum frutescens Rose Siempreviva 1 0 7 Scorpion sting, eye web, irritated eyes Drops, chewed, washing
Sedum glaucophyllum R.T. Clausen Sin Vergüenza 1 0 1 Gumboil Placed on cheeks
Selaginella lepidophylla (Hook. & Grev.) Spring Doradilla/Flor de Peña 1 3 6 Kidneys, ovary problems, wounds, lungs Tea
Senecio salignus DC. Jarilla 1 0 2 Bad air, muscle ache Rubbed over body, alcohol
Senna hirsuta (L.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby Jehuite 1 1 0 Headache Tea
Senna skinneri (Benth.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby Paraca 1 6 6 Diarrhea, stomachache, indigestion, kidneys, wounds, gastritis Tea, washing
Senna spectabilis (DC.) H.S.Irwin & Barneby Candelillo 1 1 0 Ear ache Drops
Serjania schiedeana Schltdl. Palo de Tres Costillas 1 13 10 Prostate, kidneys, purify blood, bruises, lungs, burning feet, diarrhea, stomachache, inflammation, Tea
Simira mexicana (Bullock) Steyerm. Quina Roja 1 0 1 Purify blood Tea
Solanum lycopersicum L. Jitomate 2 0 3 Fever, diabetes, gums Tea, liquified, placed on feet and belly
Solanum marginatum L. f. Sacamanteca 1 0 1 Cancer Tea
Solanum nigrescens M. Martens & Galeotti Hierba Mora 1 1 0 Anger Tea
Solanum tuberosum L. Papa 2 0 1 Uric acid Liquified
Spinacia smelledacea L. Espinaca 2 0 1 Diabetes Liquified
Spondias mombin L. Ciruelo 1 0 1 Bruxism Chewed
Stenocereus queretaroensis (F.A.C.Weber ex Mathes.) Buxb. Pitahaya roja 1 0 1 Cancer Tea
Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) Bertoni Estevia 2 0 1 Diabetes Tea
Swietenia macrophylla King Zopilote 1 0 3 Diabetes Tea, chewed
Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L.M.Perry Clavo 2 0 2 Toothache Chewed
Tagetes erecta L. Cempasúchil 1 1 1 Stomachache, anger Tea
Tagetes lucida Cav. Pericón 1 3 11 Stomachache, cough, postpartum, rheumatism, dengue, menstrual cramps, foot pain, wounds, anger Tea, baths, inhaled steam
Tamarindus indica L. Tamarindo 2 0 2 Constipation, parasites Tea
Taraxacum officinale (Ledeb.) Schinz ex Thell. Diente de León 2 0 2 Varicose vains, cancer Tea
Tecoma stans (L.) Juss. ex Kunth Tronadora/Histoncle 1 0 1 Diabetes Tea
Thymus vulgaris L. Tomillo 2 1 0 Stomachache Tea
Tilia mexicana Schltdl. Tila 1 0 3 Nerves Tea
Tournefortia hirsutissima L. Hierba rasposa/Tlalchichinole 1 12 26 Gastritis, diaper rash, wounds, kidneys, hand ache, stomachache, gastric ulcer, postpartum, liver, colic, cystitis Tea, applied to affected area, infusion, washing, liquified, poultice, ground, chewed
Tradescantia spathacea Sw. Maguey morado/Barquita 1 2 1 Waist ache Tea
Vaccinium erythrocarpum Michx. Arándano 2 0 1 Diabetes Liquified
Verbesina abscondita Klatt Capitaneja 1 0 2 Kidneys, muscle ache Tea, alcohol
Verbesina crocata (Cav.) Less. Capitaneja 1 1 1 Kidneys Tea
Vitex hemsleyi Briq. Querengue 1 1 0 Kidneys Tea
Vitex mollis Kunth Coyontomate 1 1 1 Cystitis, purify blood Tea
Vitis vinifera L. Pasas 2 0 1 High blood pressure Liquified
Waltheria indica L. Cuaulotillo/Tapacola/Tapaculo 1 2 12 Diarrhea, stomachache Tea
Zea mays L. Elote 1 1 4 Kidneys, cystitis, lungs Tea
Zornia thymifolia Kunth Hierba de la Vibora 1 1 1 Cold sore, snake bytes Tea, applied to affected area