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Table 3 Ethnomedicinal plant used to treat livestock diseases in District Haripur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

From: Exploration of ethnomedicinal plants and their practices in human and livestock healthcare in Haripur District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

S. no Taxonomic name/ family, voucher no Local name Locality Life habit/life span Part used Animal treated Animal disease treated Ethnoveterinary recipes Quantitative indices
1 Allium cepa L. (Amaryllidaceae), 08-Z Payaz Khanpur H P BB Goat, buffalo and cow Mouth infections Grinded bulb mixed with black salt is given with water 13 0.16 35 0.43
2 Amaranthus viridis L. (Amaranthaceae), 11-Z Chaleray Jabri H A LE Buffalo and cow Milk Production A decoction of leaves is given with a small amount of salt 13 0.16 65 0.81
3 Berberis lycium Royle (Berberidaceae), 16-Z Simbulu Dartian S P RT Goat, buffalo and cow Wounds and internal injury The powdered root bark is applied to wounds. It is also given for internal injury 35 0.43 71 0.88
4 Bombax ceiba L. (Bombacaceae), 19-Z Sambal Daboola T P ST, BA Goat, buffalo and cow Dislocated bones Paste of stem bark mixed with turmeric (haldi) and applied 11 0.13 39 0.48
5 Calotropis procera W. T. Aiton (Asclepiadaceae), 20-Z Akk Ghazi S P LA Cow, buffalo and goat Wounds Latex is applied externally 13 0.16 81 1.01
6 Cannabis sativa L. (Cannabaceae), 22-Z Pang, bhang Hattar S A LE Cow, buffalo and goat Loss of appetite Fresh leaves are fed 12 0.15 45 0.56
7 Carissa opaca Stapf ex Haines (Apocynaceae), 26-Z Garinda Choi S P LE Cow, buffalo and goat Foot and mouth disease Leaves are crushed and fed 31 0.38 25 0.31
8 Cassia fistula L. (Fabaceae; subfamily Caesalpinioidea), 28-Z Kinjal, Amaltas Ranjha T P PD Cow, buffalo and goat Asthma and pneumonia Dried pod powder is given orally 30 0.37 45 0.56
9 Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae), 34-Z Bthawa Kohala H A WP Goat and cow Wound healing The paste is applied to wounds 13 0.16 68 0.85
10 Coriandrum sativum L. (Apiaceae), 46-Z Dhania Beer H A LE, RT Buffaloes Antidiuretic Root and leaves decoction is given for 5 days 13 0.16 19 0.23
11 Curcuma longa L. (Wild) (Zingiberaceae), 49-Z Haldi Khanpur H P LE Cow and goat Wound healing A decoction of leaves is given for 3 days 37 0.46 79 0.98
12 Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. (Poaceae), 54-Z Khabal Nara Amazai H P WP Buffaloes, cow and goat Hematuria Plant juice is given twice a day for a week 41 0.51 65 0.81
13 Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. ex DC. (Fabaceae), 55-Z Taali, Sheesham Bareela T P LE Cow, buffalo and goat Diarrhea Leaf paste with a little amount of salt is given 12 0.15 25 0.31
14 Dodonaea viscosa (L.) Jacq. (Sapindaceae), 65-Z Sanatha Garam Thoon S P LE Cow, buffalo and goat Bone fracture Leaves are heated and mixed with soil, then tied over the fracture 62 0.77 34 0.42
15 Euphorbia helioscopia L. (Euphorbiaceae), 70-Z Chhatri Dodak KotnajibUllah H A LE and SD Goat, buffalo and cow Food poisoning Powdered leaves and seeds are given with water 12 0.15 19 0.23
16 Ficus benghalensis L. (Moraceae), 76-Z Bohr Bandi T P RT Goat, buffalo and cow Diarrhea and dysentery A paste of prop root along with honey is given 18 0.22 55 0.68
17 Grewia optiva J.R. Drumm. ex Burret (Tiliaceae), 90-Z Dhaman Babootri T P LE Buffalo Easy delivery Leaves are fed 57 0.71 85 1.06
18 Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae), 102-Z Chandni Hattar S P LE and TW Goat, buffalo and cow Joint pains Decoction is given 10 0.12 29 0.36
19 Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae), 114-Z Kamila Noorpur S P FR Goat, buffalo and cow Intestinal worms Dried powdered fruit is given for 3 days 56 0.7 52 0.65
20 Mentha arvensis L. (Lamiaceae), 130-Z Podina Bhamala H P LE Cow, buffalo and goat Dysentery Fresh leaves along with black salt are given 52 0.65 36 0.45
21 Morus alba (L.) Roxb. (Moraceae), 144-Z Chita toot Dara T P FR and LE Goat, cow and buffalo Mastitis Decoction is given 23 0.28 35 0.43
22 Nerium oleander L. (Apocynaceae), 162-Z Kundair Najafpur S P WP Goat Stomachache The dried powdered plant is given with water in a small quantity 8 0.1 55 0.68
23 Punica granatum L. (Punicaceae), 221-Z Daruna Barkot S P LE and FR Goat, cow and buffalos Anthelmintic Decoction is given 45 0.56 83 1.03
24 Ricinus communis L. (Euphorbiaceae), 230-Z Arand Mang Sb P SD Cow, buffalo and goat Constipation Seed oil is given along with fodder 16 0.2 40 0.5
25 Salvia moorcroftiana Wall. ex Benth (Lamiaceae), 254-Z Kallijari Kohala H P RT Goat, buffalo and cow Internal injuries Decoction is given 11 0.13 46 0.57
26 Solanum surattense Burm. f. (Solanaceae), 264-Z Mohree Khoi Kaman H A WP Goat, buffalo and cow Fever Crushed plant mixed with flour is given 17 0.21 64 0.8
27 Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg. (Asteraceae), 270-Z Hand Dara H P WP Goat, buffalo and cow Milk deficiency The whole plant is fed 6 0.07 9 0.11
28 Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers. (Menispermaceae), 271-Z Gulo Kotla C P ST and LE Goat, buffalo and cow Fever decoction form is used continuously for 4 days 9 0.11 13 0.16
29 Trichodesma indicum (L.) R. Br. (Boraginaceae), 275-Z Kali booti Halli H A LE Cow, buffalo and goat Inflammation and swellings Leaves poultice is applied externally 11 0.13 28 0.35
30 Vitex negundo L. (Lamiaceae), 278-Z Somali, MarvanI Choi S P LE Cow, buffalo and goat Fractured bones Warmed leaves are tied over the fractured bones 13 0.16 38 0.47
31 Ziziphus jujuba Mill. (Rhamnaceae), 283-Z Bairi Karwali T P LE Cow, buffalo and goat Dysentery Decoction is given 19 0.23 41 0.51