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Table 4 Results of GLMs for social and demographic factors that influenced the sub-indices of the PCSI

From: The Primate Cultural Significance Index: applications with Popoluca Indigenous people at Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve

Response variable Primate species Social/demogr. factors Deviance Pr(> Chi) df Factors levels Explanation power
Contrasts Estimate t value p df AIC ΔAIC wi
MED A. geoffroyi TBR location 30.47 *** 1 Inside:Outside 0.47 8.51 *** 167 659.7 3 0.18
Age 17.14 *** 2 Young:Elder 0.33 4.31 *** 167
Adult:Young 0.24 3.20 *** 167
Adult:Elder  − 0.08  − 2.13 * 167
A. palliata Gender 0.40 * 1 Female:Male  − 0.21  − 2.17 * 163 446.2 0 0.99
Occupation 3.69 *** 4 Farmer:Student  − 0.46  − 7.14 *** 163
Language 0.55 * 3 Perfect:Limited 0.01 2.53 * 163
Gender: Occupation 0.53 * 3 FemaleFarmer:MaleStudent  − 0.49  − 2.43 * 163
PET A. geoffroyi TBR location 3.8 * 1 Inside:Outside 0.09 2.16 * 169 742.0 0.8 0.29
A. palliata Occupation 0.3 * 4 Farmer:Student  − 0.01  − 2.36 * 163 647.6 0 1
Student:Home  − 0.01  − 2.79 ** 163
Student:Other  − 0.02  − 2.82 ** 163
Language 0.2 * 3 Good:Perfect 0.01 2.18 * 163
Perfect:Limited 0.01 2.51 * 163
COM A. geoffroyi ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns
A. palliata ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns
FOOD A. geoffroyi TBR location 0.54 ** 1 Inside:Outside  − 0.01  − 2.36 * 161 842.8 0 0.58
Gender 0.32 * 1 Female:Male  − 0.01  − 2.11 * 161
Language 0.92 *** 3 Good:None 0.01 2.87 ** 161
None:Perfect 0.01 2.30 * 161
None:Limited 0.01 3.00 ** 161
Education 0.52 * 4 Bachelor:PostSecund 0.03 2.36 * 161
Bachelor:Secundary 0.03 2.28 * 161
A. palliata Gender 0.06 * 1 Female:Male 0.00 2.39 * 169 445.6 0 0.99
TOUR A. geoffroyi TBR location 0.60 *** 1 Inside:Outside  − 0.01  − 2.60 * 169 842.8 0 0.58
A. palliata TBR location 0.48 * 1 Inside:Outside  − 0.11  − 2.42 * 169 974.7 0 1
CSV A. geoffroyi ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns ns
A. palliata TBR location 0.49 0.07 1 Inside:Outside 0.03 2.29 * 167 753.6 0 0.7
Religion 1.12 * 2 Protestant:None  − 0.04  − 2.65 ** 167
EMO A. geoffroyi TBR location 15.59 *** 1 Inside:Outside 0.11 4.40 *** 165 291.6 0 1
A. palliata Gender 7.99 *** 1 Female:Male  − 0.06  − 3.45 *** 165 982.4 0 0.62
Origin 2.41 * 1 Foreign-Native     
Language 5.40 * 3 Good:None  − 0.07  − 2.27 * 165
Good:Perfect  − 0.07  − 2.27 * 165
CONS A. geoffroyi TBR location 0.33 ** 1 Inside:Outside 0.01 2.76 ** 168 829.3 0 1
Gender 0.21 * 1 Female:Male  − 0.01  − 2.36 * 168
A. palliata TBR location 34.92 ** 1 Inside:Outside  − 1.09  − 3.14 ** 167 757.1 0 1
Origin 19.89 * 1 Foreign:Native 1.33 2.04 * 168
ECO A. geoffroyi Gender 7.32 *** 1 Female:Male  − 0.16  − 3.79 *** 169 638.0 0 1
A. palliata Gender 7.74 *** 1 Female:Male  − 0.16  − 3.91 *** 169 636.5 0 1
ABU A. geoffroyi TBR location 20.94 *** 1 Inside:Outside 0.20 5.13 *** 169 740.5 0 0.54
Gender 2.83 * 1 Female:Male  − 0.07  − 2.06 * 169
A. palliata TBR location 97.06 *** 1 Inside:Outside  − 1.42  − 3.80 *** 168 781.0 0 1
Gender 189.71 *** 1 Female:Male 2.11 5.93 *** 168
Education 58.34 * 4 Bachelor:None 4.09 2.23 * 165
Bachelor:Secundary 3.95 2.35 * 165
  1. Significative results in bold. P < 0.05 = *, P < 0.01 = **, P < 0.001 = ***, df degrees of freedom, MED Medicinal, PET Companion animal, COM Commercial, FOOD Food, TOUR Touristic; CSV Cosmovision; EMO Emotional; CONS Conservation; ECO Ecological; AUB Perceived abundance. Response variable = sub-index. Spider monkey (A. geoffroyi) and howler monkey (A. Palliata). AIC Akaike’s information criterion, ΔAIC difference in AIC compared to the best model, wj Akaike weight. Note that GLMs were fit with gamma error distributions and inverse link