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Table 1 Dyeing plants used in traditional costumes by the Baiku Yao nationality of China

From: Ethnobotanical study on plants used to dye traditional costumes by the Baiku Yao nationality of China

  Family Scientifie name Chinese name Yao name Life form Habitat Used part(s) Application category Effect Dry or fresh Collecting time Medicinal effect CS Voucher specimen Commonly used areas
Cotton Acanthaceae Strobilanthes cusia (Nees) Kuntze Bǎn lán
板蓝
Nong ze Herb Cultivated Whole plant Dyeing Blue or black Fresh Autumn Clearing away heat and toxic, eliminating phlegm 0.84 HRC072, HRC254 Yaoshan, Lihu, Baxu
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea cirrhosa Lour Shǔ liáng
薯莨
Lu ya Liana Wild Tuber Late fixing materials Increase color and brightness Fresh Autumn Having insecticidal properties 0.58 HRC98, HRC489 Yaoshan, Lihu, Baxu
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea subcalva Prain et Burkill Máo jiāo shǔ yù
毛胶薯蓣
Lu lu Liana Wild Tuber Late fixing materials Increase the brightness and durability of dyed cotton cloth, and prevent fuzzing and discoloration Fresh Autumn Improving blood circulation, hemostasis, relieving pain 0.31 HRC490 Yaoshan, Lihu, Baxu
Euphorbiaceae Vernicia fordii (Hemsl.) Airy Shaw Yóu tóng
油桐
La jiao ai Tree Cultivated Bark Dyeing auxiliary Dyeing accelerant Dry Autumn and winter   0.12 HRC253 Yaoshan, Lihu, Baxu
Gleicheniaceae Dicranopteris pedata (Houtt.) Nakaike Máng qí
芒萁
Bai qing Herb Wild Whole plant Dyeing auxiliary Dyeing accelerant Dry Whole year   0.05 HRC715 Lihu
Lauraceae Cinnamomum parthenoxylon (Jack) Meisner Huáng zhāng
黄樟
Nong hai Tree Wild Bark Late fixing materials Increase color and brightness Dry/fresh Autumn and winter   0.00 HRC323 Baxu
Meliaceae Toona sinensis (Juss.) Roem Xiāng chūn
香椿
Wo you Tree Cultivated Bark Late fixing materials Increase color and brightness Dry/fresh June–September Having insecticidal properties 0.00 HRC322 Baxu
Papilionaceae Mucuna birdwoodiana Tutcher Bái huā yóu má téng
白花油麻藤
Gu niu Liana Wild Tender twigs Late fixing materials Increase color and brightness Fresh March–April Enriching the blood, strengthening bones and tendons 0.12 HRC572 Lihu
Poaceae Oryza sativa L Dào
Cuo Herb Cultivated Whole plant Dyeing auxiliary Enhance the adhesion of indigo Dry Autumn   0.25 HRC648 Yaoshan, Lihu, Baxu
Rhamnaceae Rhamnus utilis Decne Dòng lǜ
冻绿
Nong ya Tree Wild Stem Late fixing materials Color retention Dry/fresh Autumn Aiding digestion, eliminating phlegm 0.59 HRC193, HRC334, HRC251 Yaoshan, Lihu, Baxu
Simaroubaceae Ailanthus vilmoriniana Dode Cì chòu chūn
刺臭椿
Zhe gu zhou Tree Cultivated Resin Anti-dyeing Prevent dye from dyeing on cotton cloth Fresh May–October   0.83 HRC647 Yaoshan, Lihu, Baxu
Silk Aquifoliaceae Ilex chinensis Sims Dōng qīng
冬青
Nong ze ya Tree Cultivated Leaf Dyeing Reddish brown Fresh Autumn Having bacteriostatic properties, healing burns, treating ulcers, having hemostatic properties 0.08 HRC780 Yaoshan
Aquifoliaceae Ilex kwangtungensis Merr Guǎng dōng dōng qīng
广东冬青
Nong ze ya Tree Cultivated Leaf Late fixing materials Reddish brown Fresh May–October Having bacteriostatic properties, healing burns, treating ulcers, having hemostatic properties 0.17 HRC502, HRC252, HRC649 Yaoshan, Lihu, Baxu
Loganiaceae Buddleja officinalis Maxim Mì méng huā
密蒙花
Ba cuo Shrub Wild Flower Dyeing auxiliary Yellow Dry/fresh Autumn Lowering blood pressure,having hemostatic properties,reducing swelling 0.06 HRC645 Yaoshan, Lihu, Baxu
Melastomataceae Melastoma dodecandrum Lour Dì niè
地菍
 ~  Herb Wild Whole plant Dyeing auxiliary Toning Fresh Autumn   0.00 HRC781 Yaoshan
Meliaceae Chukrasia tabularis A. Juss Má liàn
麻楝
~ Tree Wild Bark Dyeing auxiliary Reddish brown Dry/fresh May–June Stimulating menstrual flow, relieving pain 0.02 HRC74 Lihu
Myrsinaceae Myrsine semiserrata Wall Zhēn chǐ tiě zǐ
针齿铁仔
Nong cuo Shrub Wild Stem and leaf Dyeing Reddish brown Fresh May–October Clearing away heat and toxic 0.00 HRC487 Baxu
Rhamnaceae Rhamnus utilis Decne. var. utilis Dòng lǜ
冻绿
Nong ya Tree Wild Stem Dyeing Reddish brown Dry/fresh Autumn Aiding digestion, eliminating phlegm 0.59 HRC193, HRC334, HRC251 Yaoshan, Lihu, Baxu
Rubiaceae Gardenia jasminoides Ellis Zhī zǐ
栀子
Gua nong Shrub Wild Fruit Dyeing Yellow Dry/fresh Autumn and winter   0.09 HRC482, HRC250 Yaoshan, Lihu, Baxu
Rutaceae Murraya euchrestifolia Hayata Dòu yè jiǔ lǐ xiāng
豆叶九里香
Dong zai Shrub Wild Leaf Late fixing materials Reddish brown Fresh Autumn Eliminating wind and removing dampness, relieving pain 0.07 HRC646 Lihu
Symplocaceae Symplocos lucida (Thunb.) Sieb. et Zucc Guāng liàng shān fán
光亮山矾
Nong ze ya Shrub Wild Leaf Late fixing materials Reddish brown Fresh May–October   0.15 HRC672 Lihu
Theaceae Eurya groffii Merr Gǎng líng
岗柃
Nong cuo wa Shrub Wild Leaf Late fixing materials Reddish brown Fresh May–October Eliminating phlegm, relieving cough, reducing swelling 0.06 HRC488 Baxu
Theaceae Eurya tetragonoclada Merr. et Chun Sì jiǎo líng
四角柃
Nong cuo wa Shrub Wild Leaf Dyeing auxiliary Reddish brown Fresh May–October Clearing away heat and toxic, nourishing the liver to improve visual acuity 0.00 HRC483 Baxu
Zingiberaceae Curcuma longa L Jiāng huáng
姜黄
Gang guai Herb Wild Rhizome Dyeing Yellow Fresh Autumn and winter Stimulating menstrual flow, relieving pain 0.04 HRC552 Yaoshan, Lihu, Baxu