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Table 3 Plant taxa utilized in the study area, their use values, and vulnerability indexes

From: Local perception of ecosystem services and their conservation in Sudanian savannas of Burkina Faso (West Africa)

Plant taxon Plant family Number of reported uses Number of utilized services Used plant parts Use Value Vulnerability index Voucher number
Acacia spp. (ex) Fabaceae 9 5 Lf. Wd. Ent 0.04 2.43  
Adansonia digitata L Malvaceae 447 12 Lf. Fr. Se. Wd. Bk. Ent 1.693 2.71 Ouédraogo. J. 61 (OUA)
Afzelia africana Sm. ex Pers Fabaceae 343 12 Lf. Fr. Wd. St. Bk. Rt. Ent 1.337 2.71 Guinko 1603 (OUA)
Agave sisalana Perrine [cult.] Agavaceae 11 3 Ent 0.05 2.29 Yacouba H. 5399 (OUA)
Anacardium occidentale L. [cult.] Anacardiaceae 29 8 Lf. Fr. Se. Wd. St. Bk. Ent 0.12 2.29 Thiombiano & al. 3249 (FR; OUA)
Andropogon chinensis (Nees) Merr Poaceae 60 6 Lf. St. Ent 0.02 2.14 Thiombiano 319 (OUA)
Andropogon gayanus Kunth Poaceae 206 8 Lf. St. Ent 0.723 2.29 Thiombiano 429 (OUA)
Andropogon spp. Poaceae 18 3 Lf. St. Ent 0.08 2  
Annona senegalensis Pers Anacardiaceae 74 7 Lf. Fr. Fl. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.303 2.57 Ouédraogo. J. 9 (OUA)
Azadirachta indica A.Juss. [cult.] Meliaceae 307 11 Lf. Fr. Se. Fl. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 1.127 2.43 Kristensen 26 (OUA)
Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Delile Zygophyllaceae 175 9 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.497 2.57 Ouédraogo. J. 4 (OUA)
Boerhavia diffusa L Nyctaginaceae 9 1 Ent 0.03 1.86 Thiombiano & al. 95 (OUA)
Bombax costatum Pellegr. & Vuill Malvaceae 97 9 Lf. Fr. Fl. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.39 2.57 Tiné & Bambara 29 (OUA)
Bridelia scleroneura Müll. Arg Phyllanthaceae 10 5 Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.047 2.43 Guinko & al. 3388 (OUA)
Burkea africana Hook Fabaceae 41 7 Lf. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.19 2.43 Mbayngone 335 (OUA)
Cadaba farinosa Forssk Capparaceae 5 4 Lf. Rt. Ent 0.017 2.29 Ouédraogo. A. 86 (OUA)
Calotropis procera (Ait.) Ait. f Apocynaceae 8 3 Lf. Fr. Rt. Ent 0.033 2.29 Guinko & al. 3423 (OUA)
Capparis sepiaria L Capparaceae 11 7 Lf. Fr. Rt. Ent 0.04 2.43 Tiné & Bambara 53 (OUA)
Capsicum frutescens L. [cult.] Solanaceae 9 1 Lf. Fr. Ent 0.037 2.14 Thiombianoet al. 3172 (OUA)
Carica papaya L. [cult.] Caricaceae 76 3 Lf. Fr 0.283 2 N'Do 6806 (OUA)
Cassia nigricans Vahl Fabaceae 62 4 Lf. Fr. Ent 0.283 2.14 Thiombiano & al. 2248 (OUA)
Cassia obtusifolia L Fabaceae 13 1 Lf 0.057 1.57 Guinko 62 (OUA)
Cassia sieberiana DC Fabaceae 33 4 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.107 2.29 Guinko 1340 (OUA
Ceiba pentandra (L.) Gaertn Fabaceae 2 2 Ent 0.007 2.29 Kristensen 47 (OUA)
Chasmopodium caudatum (Hack.) Stapf Malvaceae 64 11 Lf. Fr. Se. Wd. Bk. Ent 0.21 2.43 Tibiri A. 4390 (OUA)
Chrysopogon nigritanus (Benth.) Veldkamp Poaceae 19 2 Ent 0.073 2 Mbayngone 133 (OUA)
Citrus aurantium L. [cult.] Poaceae 3 1 Lf. Ent 0.01 1.86 Guinko 1023 (OUA)
Citrus limon (L.) Burm.f. [cult.] Rutaceae 24 4 Lf. Fr. Se. Wd. Ent 0.107 2.14  
Cochlospermum planchonii Hook. f. ex Planch Rutaceae 107 4 Lf. Fr. Se. Wd. Ent 0.387 2.14 Küppers 1293 (FR)
Cola cordifolia (Cav.) R.Br Bixaceae 3 2 Fr. Se. Rt. Ent 0.013 2 Guinko 57 (OUA)
Cola laurifolia Mast Malvaceae 7 1 Fr 0.033 2 Schmidt & al. 875 (OUA)
Coldenia procumbens L Malvaceae 4 2 Fr 0.02 2.14 Thiombiano 210 (OUA)
Combretum adenogonium Steud. ex A. Rich Boraginaceae 3 2 Lf 0.013 1.86 Guinko 612 (OUA)
Combretum collinum Fresen Combretaceae 24 7 Lf. Fr. Wd. Rt. Ent 0.13 2.43 Thiombiano 729 (OUA)
Combretum glutinosum Perr. ex DC Combretaceae 65 7 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.243 2.43 Guinko 1069 (OUA)
Combretum molle G. Don Combretaceae 1 1 Wd 0.003 2.14 Thiombiano & al. 2442 (OUA)
Combretum nigricans Lepr. ex Guill. & Perr Combretaceae 3 1 Lf 0.013 1.86 Thiombiano 84 (OUA)
Combretum paniculatum Vent Combretaceae 1 1 Wd 0.003 1.86 Thiombiano & al. 2465 (OUA)
Combretum sericeum G. Don Combretaceae 10 2 Lf. Rt. Ent 0.03 2.29 Thiombiano & al. 2003 (OUA)
Corchorus olitorius L Combretaceae 7 2 Lf. Fr 0.023 2.14 Thiombiano 607 (OUA)
Cordia myxa L Malvaceae 18 6 Lf. Fr. Ent 0.08 2.14 Ouoba 39 (OUA)
Crateva adansonii DC Boraginaceae 180 11 Lf. Fr. Wd. St. Bk. Ent 0.75 2.57 Ouoba 36 (OUA)
Crossopteryx febrifuga (Afzel. ex G.Don) Benth Capparaceae 131 8 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.537 2.57 Tiné & Bambara 52 (OUA)
Cyanotis lanata Benth Rubiaceae 65 7 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.23 2.43 Madsen 5159 (OUA)
Cymbopogon caesius (Nees ex Hook. & Arn.) Stapf Commelinaceae 5 1 Ent 0.023 1.86 Thiombiano 1029 (OUA)
Cymbopogon schoenanthus (L.) Spreng Poaceae 34 7 Lf. St. Ent 0.113 2.14 Laegaard & al. 18306 (OUA)
Dalbergia boehmii Taub Poaceae 31 7 Lf. Rt. Ent 0.143 2.14 Korbéogo 12 (OUA)
Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr Fabaceae 1 1 Wd 0.003 2.14 Ouattara 75 (OUA)
Daniellia oliveri (Rolfe) Hutch. & Dalziel Fabaceae 94 10 Lf. Wd. St. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.36 2.57 Ouédraogo. A. 17 (OUA)
Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr Fabaceae 338 13 Lf. Fr. Se. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 1.21 2.57 Thiombiano 808 (OUA)
Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn Fabaceae 14 7 Lf. Wd. Ent 0.047 2.43 Ouoba 2001 (OUA)
Dicoma tomentosa Cass Asteraceae 1 1 Ent 0.003 1.86 Madsen 5926 (OUA)
Diospyros mespiliformis Hochst. ex A. DC Ebenaceae 402 14 Lf. Fr. Se. Wd. St. Bk. Rt. Ent 2.249 2.71 Ouédraogo. J. 35 (OUA)
Echinochloa pyramidalis (Lam.) Hitchc. & Chase Poaceae 23 3 St. Ent 0.077 2 Laegaard 21295 (OUA)
Entada africana Guill. & Perr Fabaceae 32 5 Wd. Bk. Ent 0.15 2.43 Guinko 733 (OUA)
Erythrina senegalensis A.DC Fabaceae 4 3 Lf. Bk. Ent 0.02 2.29 Guinko 116 (OUA)
Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. [cult.] Myrtaceae 78 9 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.32 2.29 Rosendal 6876 (OUA)
Fadogia agrestis Schweinf. ex Hiern Rubiaceae 2 2 Lf. Ent 0.007 2.29 Thiombiano & al. 21 (OUA)
Faidherbia albida (Delile) A. Chev. Del Fabaceae 384 11 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 1.53 2.43 Tibiri A. 4369 (OUA)
Feretia apodanthera Delile Rubiaceae 20 5 Lf. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.083 2.43 Guinko 1370 (OUA)
Ficus abutilifolia (Miq.) Miq Moraceae 12 4 Lf. Fr.Wd. Ent 0.037 2.29 Thiombiano 238 (OUA)
Ficus dicranostyla Mildbr Moraceae 9 2 Lf. Fr. Bk 0.037 2.29 Schmidt & al. 913 (OUA)
Ficus ingens (Miq.) Miq Moraceae 1 1 Fr 0.033 2 Ouédraogo. O. 104 (OUA)
Ficus platyphylla Delile Moraceae 22 7 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Ent 0.083 2.43 Guinko & al. 6004 (OUA)
Ficus sur Forssk Moraceae 6 3 Fr. Bk. Ent 0.02 2.29 Ouoba 19 (OUA)
Ficus sycomorus L Moraceae 337 12 Lf. Fr. Wd. St. Bk. Rt. Ent 1.273 2.57 Ouédraogo. A. 133 (OUA)
Flacourtia indica (Burm. f.) Merrill Salicaceae 4 2 Lf. Fr 0.02 2.14 Ouoba 18 (OUA)
Flueggea virosa (Roxb. ex Willd.) Voigt Phyllanthaceae 6 2 Lf. Wd. St 0.02 2.29 Thiombiano 226 (OUA)
Gardenia erubescens Stapf & Hutch Rubiaceae 196 10 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.857 2.57 Guinko 374 (OUA)
Gardenia ternifolia Schumach. & Thonn Rubiaceae 3 2 Fr. Rt. Ent 0.013 2.29 Thiombiano & al. 285 (OUA)
Gmelina arborea Roxb. [cult.] Lamiaceae 16 6 Lf. Fr. Fl. Ent 0.07 2.43 Thiombiano & al. 43 (OUA)
Grewia bicolor Juss Malvaceae 2 1 Fr 0.007 2 Thiombiano & al. 407 (OUA)
Grewia cissoides Hutch. & Dalziel Malvaceae 1 1 Fr 0.003 2 Thiombiano & al. 191 (OUA)
Grewia lasiodiscus K.Schum Malvaceae 8 2 Lf. Fr. Wd 0.037 2.29 Thiombiano 614 (OUA)
Grewia spp Malvaceae 3 2 Ent 0.01 2.29  
Guiera senegalensis J.F.Gmel Combretaceae 24 2 Lf. St. Ent 0.08 2.29 Ouédraogo. A. 239 (OUA)
Gymnosporia senegalensis (Lam.) Loes Celastraceae 21 6 Lf. Fl. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.083 2.29 Schmidt & al. 912 (OUA)
Haematostaphis barteri Hook.f Anacardiaceae 4 1 Lf 0.013 1.86 Ouédraogo. A. 102 (OUA)
Hibiscus cannabinus L. [cult.] Malvaceae 12 3 Lf. Fr. Se. Fl. Ent 0.037 2 Ouédraogo. O. 364 (OUA)
Hymenocardia acida Tul Phyllanthaceae 9 2 Lf. Wd 0.03 2.29 Guinko 888 (OUA)
Hyparrhenia spp Poaceae 2 2 Ent 0.007 2 Ouoba 157 (OUA); Madsen 6003 (OUA); Mbayngone 125 (OUA)
Hyptis spicigera Lam Lamiaceae 86 6 Lf. Ent 0.37 2.29 Guinko 610 (OUA)
Indigofera bracteolata DC Fabaceae 2 2 Rt. Ent 0.01 2 Ouattara 71 (OUA)
Ipomoea carnea Jacq Convolvulaceae 3 1 Lf. Ent 0.007 2 Guinko 1290 (OUA)
Isoberlinia doka Craib & Stapf Fabaceae 69 10 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Ent 0.26 2.57 Thiombiano & al. 319 (OUA);
Jatropha curcas L. [cult.] Euphorbiaceae 31 8 Ent 0.123 2.29 Tibiri A. 4403 (OUA)
Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) A. Juss Meliaceae 403 14 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 1.503 2.71 Sawadogo 6883 (OUA)
Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth Bignoniaceae 19 4 Lf. Fr. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.077 2.29 Thiombiano 469 (OUA)
Landolphia heudelotii A. DC Apocynaceae 13 3 Lf. Fr. St 0.05 2.29 Guinko & al. 5085 (OUA)
Lannea acida A. Rich Anacardiaceae 55 10 Lf. Fr. Wd. St. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.207 2.29 Ouédraogo. J. 87 (OUA)
Lannea microcarpa Engl. & K. Krause Anacardiaceae 371 13 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 1.583 2.71 Guinko 1383 (OUA)
Lannea velutina A.Rich Anacardiaceae 1 1 Bk 0.003 2.14 Ouédraogo. A. 105 (OUA)
Leptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne Apocynaceae 14 4 Lf. Fr. Fl. Rt. Ent 0.06 2.29 Thiombiano & al. 2028 (OUA)
Loeseneriella africana (Willd.) N.Hallé Celastraceae 1 1 Lf 0.003 1.86 Ouédraogo. O. 67 (OUA)
Lophira lanceolata Tiegh. ex Keay Ochnaceae 78 5 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.337 2.43 Guinko 2063 (OUA)
Loudetia simplex (Nees) C.E.Hubb Poaceae 2 2 Lf. St 0.01 1.86 Laegaard & al. 21140 (OUA)
Loudetia togoensis (Pilg.) C.E.Hubb Poaceae 1 1 Ent 0.003 1.86 Mbayngone 45 (OUA)
Maerua angolensis DC Capparaceae 7 2 Lf. Fl. Wd 0.023 2.43 Ouédraogo. A. 20 (OUA)
Maerua crassifolia Forssk Capparaceae 3 2 Lf. Ent 0.013 2.29 Guinko 2350 (OUA)
Mangifera indica L. [cult.] Anacardiaceae 359 13 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 1.617 2.43 Ouédraogo. H. 35 (OUA)
Mimosa pigra L Fabaceae 5 2 Wd. Ent 0.017 2.29 Guinko 605 (OUA)
Mitragyna inermis (Willd.) Kuntze Rubiaceae 53 9 Lf. Fr. Wd. St. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.433 2.43 Schmidt & al. 6369 (OUA)
Moringa oleifera L Moringaceae 157 8 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.6 2.43 Thiombiano & al. 3877 (OUA)
Nymphaea lotus L Nymphaeaceae 8 4 Lf. Rt. Ent 0.033 2.29 Madsen 5649 (OUA)
Ocimum americanum L Lamiaceae 48 5 Lf. Ent 0.197 2.14 Guinko & al. 3489 (OUA)
Oncoba spinosa Forssk Salicaceae 32 4 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.133 2.29 Thiombiano & Boussim 283 (OUA);
Opilia amentacea Roxb Opiliaceae 20 3 Lf. Fr. Rt. Ent 0.067 2.29 Ouédraogo. J. 82 (OUA)
Oxytenanthera abyssinica (A.Rich.) Munro Poaceae 1 1 St 0.003 2 Schmidt & al. 893 (OUA)
Ozoroa obovata (Oliv.) R.Fern. & A.Fern Anacardiaceae 1 1 Lf 0.003 1.86 Thiombiano & al. 2449 (OUA)
Parinari curatellifolia Planch. ex Benth Chrysobalanaceae 7 3 Lf. Fr. Bk. Ent 0.027 2.29 Ouédraogo. A. 170 (OUA)
Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R. Br. ex G. Don f Fabaceae 584 12 Lf. Fr. Se. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 2.353 2.57 Madsen 5113 (OUA)
Paullinia pinnata L Sapindaceae 8 1 Lf. Rt 0.023 2.14 Guinko 604 (OUA)
Pennisetum pedicellatum Trin Poaceae 8 5 Lf. St. Ent 0.037 2.14 Thiombiano 1007 (OUA)
Pennisetum spp Poaceae 29 3 St. Ent 0.107 2 Thiombiano 1007 (OUA) Laegaard & al. 18412 (OUA)
Pericopsis laxiflora (Benth. ex Bak.) van Meeuwen Fabaceae 23 6 Lf. Wd. Rt. Ent 0.103 2.43 Thiombiano 853 (OUA)
Philenoptera laxiflora (Guill. & Perr.) Roberty Fabaceae 29 8 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.117 2.43 Taïta 203 (OUA)
Piliostigma reticulatum (DC.) Hochst Fabaceae 30 8 Lf. Fr. Wd. St. Bk. Ent 0.113 2.43 Thiombiano 604 (OUA)
Piliostigma thonningii (Schum.) Milne-Redhead Fabaceae 135 11 Lf. Fr. Wd. St. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.563 2.43 Thiombiano & al. 2200 (OUA)
Prosopis africana (Guill. & Perr.) Taub Fabaceae 31 7 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.13 2.43 Kristensen 44 (OUA)
Pseudocedrela kotschyi (Schweinf.) Harms Meliaceae 36 9 Lf. Wd. Bk. Ent 0.13 2.43 Thiombiano 194 (OUA)
Psidium guajava L. [cult.] Myrtaceae 43 4 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.193 2.14 Ouédraogo. H. 40 (OUA)
Pterocarpus erinaceus Poir Fabaceae 297 13 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 1.237 2.71 Guinko 1030 (OUA)
Pterocarpus santalinoides DC Fabaceae 2 2 Se. Wd 0.007 2.29 Ouédraogo. O. 177 (OUA)
Raphionacme splendens Schltr Apocynaceae 2 2 Rt. Ent 0.01 2.29 Thiombiano & al. 2833 (OUA)
Rottboellia cochinchinensis (Lour.) Clayton Poaceae 85 8 Lf. Ent 0.4 2.29 Guinko 1890 (OUA)
Rytigynia senegalensis Blume Rubiaceae 1 1 Wd 0.003 2.14 Schmidt & al. 1189 (FR; OUA)
Saba senegalensis (A. DC.) Pichon Apocynaceae 239 14 Lf. Fr. Se. Wd. St. Bk. Rt. Ent 1.027 2.57 Guinko & al. 6000 (OUA)
Sarcocephalus latifolius (Sm.) E.A.Bruce Rubiaceae 65 5 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt 0.253 2.43 Guinko 661 (OUA)
Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich.) Hochst Anacardiaceae 31 8 Lf. Fr. Wd. St. Bk. Ent 0.12 2.43 Ouédraogo. J. 15 (OUA)
Securidaca longipedunculata Fresen Polygalaceae 52 6 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.21 2.43 Guinko 392 (OUA)
Senegalia ataxacantha (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr Fabaceae 12 8 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Ent 0.027 2.43 Tiné & Bambara 25 (OUA)
Senegalia gourmaensis (A. Chev.) Kyal. & Boatwr Fabaceae 33 7 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Ent 0.107 2.43 Ouédraogo. A. 80 (OUA)
Senegalia macrostachya (Reichenb. ex DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr Fabaceae 12 5 Lf. Fr. Wd. Ent 0.05 2.43 Madsen 5528 (OUA)
Senegalia polyacantha (Willd.) Seigler & Ebinger Fabaceae 14 4 Lf. Fr. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.04 2.29 Ouédraogo. A. 135 (OUA)
Senegalia senegal (L.) Britton Fabaceae 1 1 Lf 0.333 1.86 Ouédraogo. A. 136 (OUA)
Sporobolus pyramidalis P.Beauv Poaceae 7 3 St. Ent 0.017 2 Martinussen 55 (OUA)
Sterculia setigera Delile Malvaceae 53 6 Lf. Fr. Se. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.217 2.43 Thiombiano 858 (OUA)
Stereospermum kunthianum Cham Bignoniaceae 7 1 Ent 0.023 2.14 Ouédraogo. J. 57 (OUA);
Striga hermonthica (Delile) Benth Orobanchaceae 51 5 Lf. Ent 0.243 2.43 Guinko 2323 (OUA)
Strophanthus hispidus DC Apocynaceae 13 4 Lf. Fr. Rt. Ent 0.053 2.43 Thiombiano & al. 2693 (OUA)
Strychnos innocua Delile Loganiaceae 5 3 Lf. Rt. Ent 0.019 2.29 Guinko 114 (OUA);
Strychnos spinosa Lam Loganiaceae 99 8 Lf. Fr. Wd. Ent 0.277 2.57 Guinko 1360 (OUA)
Tamarindus indica L Fabaceae 332 13 Lf. Fr. Se. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.99 2.57 Thiombiano 1063 (OUA)
Tapinanthus spp. Loranthaceae 27 6 Lf. Fr. Wd. Ent 0.117 2.29 Boussim 10 (OUA); Boussim 15 (OUA); Boussim 16 (OUA)
Tectona grandis L.f. [cult.] Lamiaceae 112 9 Lf. Fl. Wd.. Ent 0.533 2.57 Schmidt & al. 1086 (OUA)
Tephrosia linearis (Willd.) Pers Fabaceae 3 3 Lf. Rt. Ent 0.013 2 Thiombiano 956 (OUA)
Terminalia avicennioides Guill. & Perr Combretaceae 45 9 Lf. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.16 2.43 Thiombiano 613 (OUA); Thiombiano 229 (OUA);
Terminalia engleri Gere & Boatwr., Combretaceae 19 5 Lf. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.06 2.43 Taïta 209 (OUA)
Terminalia macroptera Guill. & Perr Combretaceae 78 12 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.307 2.43 Thiombiano 905 (OUA)
Terminalia schimperi Hochst. ex Hutch. & Dalziel Combretaceae 148 12 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.593 2.57 Schmidt & al. 1186 (FR; OUA)
Trichilia emetica Vahl Meliaceae 19 8 Lf. Fr. St. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.067 2.43 Guinko 117 (OUA)
Triumfetta lepidota K.Schum Malvaceae 13 2 Ent 0.043 2.14 Guinko 1052 (OUA)
Vachellia nilotica (L.) P.J.H.Hurter & Mabb Fabaceae 66 8 Lf. Fr. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.303 2.43 Thiombiano 3080 (OUA)
Vachellia seyal (Del.) P.J.H.Hurter Fabaceae 3 2 Lf. Rt 0.01 2.29 Guinko 851 (OUA)
Vachellia sieberiana (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr Fabaceae 16 8 Lf. Wd. Rt. Ent 0.056 2.43 Madsen 5111 (OUA)
Vernonia colorata (Willd.) Drake Asteraceae 25 6 Lf. Fr. Wd. Ent 0.11 2.29 Thiombiano & al. 229 (OUA)
Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaertn Sapotaceae 960 14 Lf. Fr. Se. Wd. St. Bk. Rt. Ent 3.775 2.43 Madsen 5171 (OUA)
Vitex chrysocarpa Planch. ex Benth Lamiaceae 9 2 Lf. Fr 0.083 2.14 Taïta 5 (OUA)
Vitex doniana Sweet Lamiaceae 189 9 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.54 2.57 Ouoba 175 (OUA)
Ximenia americana L Ximeniaceae 165 5 Lf. Fr. Wd. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.653 2.57 Guinko 1163 (OUA)
Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides (Lam.) Zepernick & Timler Rutaceae 13 4 Lf. Fr. Bk. Rt. Ent 0.057 2.29 Ouoba 48 (OUA)
Ziziphus mauritiana Lam Rhamnaceae 19 3 Lf. Rt. Ent 0.072 2.29 Thiombiano & al. 199 (OUA)
Ziziphus mucronata Willd Rhamnaceae 3 2 Lf. Rt 0.01 2.29 Guinko & al. 3373 (OUA)
  1. Used plant parts: Lf. = Leaf; Fl. = Flower; Fr. = Fruit; Se. = Seed; Wd. = Wood; St. = stalk; Bk. = Bark; Rt. = Root; Ent = Entire plant