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Table 3 Plant part and wood characteristics of the species used as a

From: Plants for making wooden bowls and related traditional knowledge in the Gyirong Valley, Tibet, China

Scientific name (Family) Use parts Wood characteristics Special purpose
Betula utilis D. Don (Betulaceae) Stem and burl The wood does not crack and firmly colored. And the pattern of wood is the most beautiful. Bowls made from this wood are the smoothest Bowls made of burl are called “cha-bo-luo” meaning they can last a lifetime; “cha-bo-luo” bowls are considered the best dowry and betrothal gifts, cherished carefully look after by their recipients
Himalayacalamus falconeri (Hook.f. ex Munro) Keng f. (Poaceae) Stalk base The wood is rare
Juniperus tibetica Kom. (Cupressaceae) Burl This wood must have burls, and wood without burls cannot be used for bowls. And the wood should not be too dry, the wooden bowl made of too dry wood will crack
Larix potaninii var. himalaica (W. C. Cheng & L. K. Fu) Farjon & Silba (Pinaceae) Burl This wood must have burls, and wood without burls cannot be used for bowls
Pinus roxburghii Sarg. (Pinaceae) Burl This wood must have burls, and wood without burls cannot be used for bowls
Pinus wallichiana A. B. Jacks. (Pinaceae) Burl This wood must have burls, and wood without burls cannot be used for bowls
Quercus semecarpifolia Sm. (Fagaceae) Stem and burl The wood is too hard and easily crack
Rhododendron arboreum Sm. (Ericaceae) Stem and burl The wood is easily deform over time
Salix trichocarpa C. F. Fang (Salicaceae) Burl This wood must have burls, and wood without burls cannot be used for bowls