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Table 1 Biological resources used for making sport and game equipment and toys

From: Traditional sports and games among the Sámi people in Northern Fennoscandia (Sápmi): an ethnobiological perspective

Species Part   Used for Sources        
Mammals            
Reindeer, Rangifer tarandus (L.) Antler   Lasso loop
Glue for making skis
[11, 38]
[36]
       
  Fur
Leather
Kneecap
Inflated stomach
Bone
  Skis
Lasso
Toy reindeer
Buoyance device
Glue
[36]
[38]
[12]
[9]
[30, 36]
       
Lemming, Lemmus lemmus (L.)
Brown bear, Ursus arctos L
Birds
Living animal; skin
Fat
  Toy
Ski wax
[36]
[30]
       
Wild goose, Anser sp. Sternum   Toy reindeer antler [12]        
Ptarmigan, Lagopus sp.
Whooper swan, Cygnus cygnus (L.),
Fish
Crop
Flight feather
  Musical instrument
Bird whistle
[12, 30, 36]
[3]
       
Pike, Esox lucius L Vertebrae   Toy necklace
Children’s games
[3, 11, 30, 36]
[3]
       
European perch, Perca fluviatilis L
Unknown big fish
Shellfish
Great scallop, Pecten maximus (L.)
Blue mussel, Mytilus edulis L
Fungi
Fish scales
Swim bladder
Shell
Shell
  Glue for making skis
Noise maker
Toy animals
Toy animals
[37, 48]
[11, 30]
[13]
[13]
       
Birch polypore, Fomitopsis betulina
(Bull.) B.K.Cui, M.L.Han & Y.C.Dai
Fruit body   Ball [6]        
Vascular plants            
Scots pine, Pinus sylvestris L- Compression wood   Skis
Bow
[11, 36]
[49]
       
Norwegian spruce, Picea abies (L.) H. Karst Wood
Roots
Wood
Wood
  Bow, Crossbow
Lasso
Stilts
Skis
[9]
[36, 38]
[12]
[36]
       
Juniper, Juniperus communis L
Downy birch, Betula pubescens Ehrh
Branches
Tree bark
Wood
  Bow, crossbow
Toys
Birch bark trumpet
Skis
Walking stick
[9]
[12]
[37]
[12, 36]
[31, 53, 54]
       
    Ski pole [9]        
Dwarf birch, Betula nana L
Rowan, Sorbus aucuparia L
Goat willow, Salix caprea L
Branches
Branches
Branches
  Toys, fuel
Flute
Flute
[37]
[30, 37]
[11]
       
Norwegian angelica, Angelica archangelica L Stem   Flute
Toy tobacco pipe
[10]
[11]
       
Mezereon, Daphne mezereum L
Stag's-horn clubmoss, Lycopodium clavatum L
Turnip, Brassica rapa L. subsp. rapa
Common reed, Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud
Fruits
Branches
Root
Stem
  Used in flute
Wrath
Ball
Flute
[9, 11]
[37]
[12]
[30]