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Table 2 Summary of information provided by fishers in the surveyed communities in Brazil.

From: Fishers' knowledge and seahorse conservation in Brazil

  Regions / Brazilian States
  NORTHEASTERN NORTH
  Ceará (n = 42) Maranhão (n = 29) Paraíba (n = 19) Pernambuco (n = 29) Piauí (n = 32) Pará (n = 30)
Intentional 12   02 12 10  
Occasional 30 29 17 17 22 30
Age groups of fishers 10 a 20 (25%) 20 a 30 (10.3%) 30 a 40 (26.3%) 10 a 20 (10.3%) 10 a 20 (3.1%) 20 a 30 (23.3%)
  20 a 30 (50%) 30 a 40 (17.2%) 40 a 50 (26.3%) 20 a 30 (10.3%) 20 a 30 (15.6%) 30 a 40 (30%)
  30 a 40 (25%) 40 a 50 (41.4%) 50 a 60 (26.3%) 30 a 40 (31 %) 30 a 40 (15.6%) 40 a 50 (33.3%)
   50 a 60 (27.6%) 60 a 70 (21.1%) 40 a 50 (20.7%) 40 a 50 (25%) 50 a 60 (6.7%)
   60 a 70 (3.5%)   50 a 60 (20.7%) 50 a 60 (18.8%) 60 a 70 (6.7%)
     60 a 70 (7%) 60 a 70 (12.5%)  
      70 a 80 (9.4%)  
Ethnoclassification Colour only (n = 20), colour and skin appendages (n = 12), no answers (n = 10) Colour only Colour only Colour only (n = 10), colour and skin appendages (n = 19) Colour only (n = 30), colour and skin appendages (n = 2) Colour only
Population decline Yes (n = 8), no (n = 10), no answers (n = 24) Yes (n = 15), no (n = 14) Yes (n = 19) Yes (n = 25), no (n = 4) Yes (n = 13), no (n = 19) Yes (n = 8), no (n = 22)
Cited habitats Only estuarine areas (camboas) (n = 26), only sea (n = 13), estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 3) Only estuarine areas (camboas) (n = 24), only sea (n = 1), estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 4) Only estuarine areas (camboas) (n = 3), estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 16) Only estuarine areas (camboas) (n = 29) Only estuarine areas (camboas) (n = 30), estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 2) Only estuarine areas (camboas) (n = 12), only sea (n = 10), estuarine areas (camboas) and sea (n = 8)
Sazonal migration Yes (n = 19), no (n = 2), no answers (n = 21) No (n = 29) Yes (n = 19) Yes (n = 15), no (n = 1), no answers (n = 13) No (n = 32) No (n = 30)
Cited preys No answers (n = 31), "dirt in the water" (n = 3), fish larvae (n = 1), shrimp larvae (n = 3), crabs (n = 2), algae (n = 2), "lodo" (n = 1) No answers (n = 14), "dirt in the water" (n = 5), algae (n = 1), "lodo" (n = 11) No answers (n = 4), fish and shrimp larvae (n = 6), algae (n = 4), "lodo" (n = 5) No answers (n = 12), adult shrimp (n = 3), shrimp larvae (n = 11), algae (n = 1), mud and "lodo" (n = 2) No answers (n = 7), "dirt in the water" (n = 5), shrimp larvae (n = 1), algae (n = 4), mud and "lodo" (n = 16) No answers (n = 6), "dirt in the water" (n = 4), fish larvae (n = 1), shrimp larvae (n = 1), algae (n = 7), mud and "lodo" (n = 19)
Cited Predators No answers (n = 33), "baiacu" (n = 4), "moréias" (n = 3), "ciobas" (n = 1), "cavalas" (n = 1), "beijupirás" (n = 1), other fishes (n = 1) No answers (21), none (n = 1), large fish ("mero") (n = 1), other fishes (n = 3), crabs (n = 3) None (all answers) No answers (n = 21), none (n = 6), crabs (n = 1), large fish ("mero") (n = 1) No answers (n = 20), none (n = 3), large fish ("mero") (n = 1), "baiacu" (n = 4), crabs (n = 2), "pacamão" (n = 2), "dourado velho" (n = 1), "bagre" (n = 3), "carapitanga" (n = 1), "ariacó" ("cioba") (n = 1) No answers (n = 11), none (n = 1), "pescada amarela" (n = 3), "garoupa" (n = 4), "gorijuba" (n = 3), "cação" (n = 6), "camurupim" (n = 1), "piraúna" (n = 1), "pargo" (n = 2), "sirigado" (n = 1), large fish ("mero") (n = 1), "baiacu" (n = 2), "bagre" (n = 1), "ariacó" ("cioba") (n = 3), other fishes (n = 5), crabs (n = 1)
Feeding behavior Not mentioned Not mentioned One respondent Not mentioned Not mentioned Not mentioned
Social structure (adults) Solitary (generally) (n = 12), groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 5), solitary and groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 1), no answers (n = 24) Solitary (n = 14), groups of 2 a 5 individuals (n = 11), solitary and groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 4) Not mentioned Solitary (n = 21), groups of 2 a 3 individuals (n = 6), solitary and groups (n = 1), no answers (n = 1) Solitary (n = 12), groups of 2 a 3 individuals (n = 16), solitary and groups of 2 a 3 individuals (n = 4) Solitary (n = 24), groups of 2 a 3 individuals (n = 5), solitary and groups of 2 or 3 individuals (n = 1)
Pregnancy No answers (n = 28), male (n = 11), female (n = 3) Female (n = 29) Male (n = 2), female (n = 17) No answers (n = 6), male (n = 11), female (n = 12) Male (n = 3), female (n = 29) Male (n = 0), female (n = 30)
Courtship behavior Not mentioned Not mentioned Mentioned by one respondents Not mentioned Mentioned by three respondents Not mentioned
Reproductive period No answers (n = 31), winter (n = 7), summer (n = 1), throughout the year (n = 3) No answers (n = 21), winter (n = 5), summer (n = 3) No answers (n = 2), summer (n = 16), throghout the year (n = 1) No answers (n = 22), winter (n = 5), summer (n = 1), throghout the year (n = 1) No answers (n = 23), winter (n = 6), summer (n = 1), throughout the year (n = 2) No answers (n = 23), winter (n = 3), summer (n = 3), throughout the year (n = 1)