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Table 1 Medicinal plants and formulations of the Deb barma clan healer

From: A survey of medicinal plants used by the Deb barma clan of the Tripura tribe of Moulvibazar district, Bangladesh

Serial number Scientific name (voucher specimen number) Family name (perennial/annual) Local name (english name) Parts used Disease, symptoms, formulations, and administration
1 Andrographis paniculata Nees MPCW-UODA 3032/2013 Acanthaceae (Annual) Boner kalomegh (Green chirayta) Leaf Malaria. Juice obtained from crushed leaves is orally taken.
2 Justicia adhatoda L. MPCW-UODA 3033/2013 Acanthaceae (Perennial) Shada bashok (Malabar nut) Leaf Skin infections. Young leaves are made into a paste and applied as poultice over infected area.
Tuberculosis. Juice obtained from crushed leaves is orally taken.
3 Justicia gendarussa Burm. f. MPCW-UODA 3036/2013 Acanthaceae (Perennial) Kala bashok (Black adusa) Leaf, stem Coughs. Leaves are boiled in water. ½ poa (local measure, 4 poas approximate 1 kg) of the decoction is taken orally thrice daily.
Malaria. Crushed leaves and stems are boiled in water followed by drinking the water daily till cure.
4 Aerva sanguinolenta (L.) Blume MPCW-UODA 3038/2013 Amaranthaceae (Perennial) Iodine pata (Kapok bush) Leaf To stop bleeding from external cuts and wounds. Leaves are crushed between the fingers and applied to cuts and wounds.
5 Crinum latifolium L. MPCW-UODA 3039/2013 Amaryllidaceae (Perennial) Gruna, bon roshun (Milk and wine lily) Bulb Chest pain (symptoms: pain in the chest area, usually external muscle pain). Juice obtained from crushed bulb is taken orally.
Bloating in cattle. Bulbs of Crinum latifolium are fed to cattle along with bulbs of Allium sativum.
6 Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. MPCW-UODA 3040/2013 Apiaceae (Perennial) Thankuni (Asiatic pennywort) Leaf, stem Stomach disorders (stomach pain, flatulency). Juice obtained from crushed leaves and stems is taken orally.
7 Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. MPCW-UODA 3044/2013 Apocynaceae (Perennial) Chaitan (Blackboard tree) Leaf sap Whitish layer formation on tongue. Leaf sap is mixed with honey and applied to tongue.
8 Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott. MPCW-UODA 3046/2013 Araceae (Perennial) Fan kochu (Taro) Tuber Rheumatic pain. Dried and powdered tubers are taken orally.
9 Borassus flabellifer L. MPCW-UODA 3047/2013 Arecaceae (Perennial) Taal (Palmyra palm) Sap See Hyptis suaveolens.
10 Asparagus racemosus Willd. MPCW-UODA 3048/2013 Asparagaceae (Perennial) Shotomul (Indian asparagus) Whole plant All diseases. Whole plant is put in an amulet which is to be tied by the patient around the waist with a piece of thread and worn till the disease is cured.
11 Ageratum conyzoides L. MPCW-UODA 3049/2013 Asteraceae (Perennial) Ujaru (Mexican ageratum) Root Stomach disorders. Juice obtained from crushed roots is orally taken.
12 Garcinia cowa Roxb. MPCW-UODA 3050/2013 Clusiaceae (Perennial) Kau fol (Cowa-mangosteen) Fruit Coughs, cold. Fruits are eaten.
13 Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn. MPCW-UODA 3053/2013 Combretaceae (Perennial) Arjun (Arjun tree) Bark Chest pain due to heart disorders (symptoms: chest pain more so when walking or working, feeling of constriction of heart, breathlessness), burning sensations during urination, bone fracture.
Bark is boiled in water followed by drinking the water for chest pain and burning sensations during urination. Paste prepared from bark of Terminalia arjuna and clove of Allium sativum is applied as poultice over the fractured area.
14 Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. MPCW-UODA 3055/2013 Combretaceae (Perennial) Bohera (Beleric myrobalan) Fruit, leaf See Phyllanthus emblica.
15 Terminalia chebula Retz. MPCW-UODA 3056/2013 Combretaceae (Perennial) Horitoki (Chebulic myrobalan) Fruit, leaf See Phyllanthus emblica.
16 Sansevieria hyacinthoides (L.) Druce MPCW-UODA 3058/2013 Dracaenaceae (Perennial) Dudh raj (Iguana tail) Leaf Snake bite, snake repellent. Juice obtained from crushed leaf is applied to snake-bitten area. Leaves are kept in rooms to repel snakes.
17 Jatropha curcas L. MPCW-UODA 3060/2013 Euphorbiaceae (Perennial) Kangala (Physic nut) Leaf Tooth ache. Leaves are chewed and the leaf juice swallowed.
18 Phyllanthus emblica L. MPCW-UODA 3061/2013 Euphorbiaceae (Perennial) Amloki (Indian gooseberry) Fruit, leaf Bleeding from gums, loss of appetite, headache. Unripe fruits are chewed to stop bleeding from gums. Dried fruits of Phylanthus emblica, Terminalia bellirica and Terminalia chebula are soaked in water followed by drinking the water to increase appetite. Fruits of Phyllanthus emblica and wood of Santalum album are made into a paste with rose water and applied to the forehead for headache.
Paralysis. Juice obtained from a combination of crushed leaves of Phyllanthus emblica, Terminalia bellirica and Terminalia chebula was massaged on the paralyzed area.
19 Phyllanthus reticulatus Poir. MPCW-UODA 3062/2013 Euphorbiaceae (Perennial) Khaukora (Sour grapes) Stem Diarrhea in children. Stems are twisted and tied loosely around the neck of children.
20 Senna alata (L.) Roxb. MPCW-UODA 3063/2013 Fabaceae (Perennial) Daud pata (Candle bush) Leaf Eczema. Juice obtained from crushed leaves is topically applied.
21 Hyptis suaveolens (L.) Poit. MPCW-UODA 3064/2013 Lamiaceae (Perennial) Tukma (Pignut) Fruit Physical weakness, sense of hotness in head. Powdered fruits of Hyptis suaveolens are mixed with tal mishri (sugar obtained from sap of Borassus flabellifer) and taken orally.
22 Leucas aspera (Willd.) Link MPCW-UODA 3065/2013 Lamiaceae (Annual) Deo kolosh (Common leucas) Flower Coughs in infant. Juice obtained from crushed flower is mixed with mother’s milk and orally administered.
23 Ocimum gratissimum L. MPCW-UODA 3066/2013 Lamiaceae (Perennial) Shada tulsi (African basil) Leaf Rheumatic pain, coughs, mucus. A piece of cloth is soaked with juice obtained from crushed leaves is tied to areas affected by rheumatic pain. Juice obtained from crushed leaves is taken with honey for coughs and mucus.
24 Allium sativum L. MPCW-UODA 3067/2013 Liliaceae (Annual) Roshun Bulb See Crinum latifolium.
See Terminalia arjuna.
25 Lawsonia inermis L. MPCW-UODA 3070/2013 Lythraceae (Perennial) Mehedi (Henna) Leaf Cuts and wounds, cracked skin, diabetes, burning sensations during urination. Paste of leaves is applied to cuts and wounds or cracked skin. Juice obtained from crushed leaves is orally taken for diabetes and burning sensations during urination.
26 Melastoma malabathricum L. MPCW-UODA 3072/2013 Melastomataceae (Perennial) Luiki (Malabar melastome) Leaf To stop bleeding from external cuts and wounds. Crushed leaves are applied as poultice over cuts and wounds.
27 Azadirachta indica A. Juss. MPCW-UODA 3073/2013 Meliaceae (Perennial) Neem (Nim tree) Leaf, bark Itches, ringworm. Leaves of Azadirachta indica are boiled in water and then made into a paste with rhizomes of Curcuma longa. The paste is applied to affected areas of skin after taking a bath.
Helminthiasis. Powdered bark is taken orally with table salt.
Chicken pox. Paste of leaves of Azadirachta indica and rhizomes of Curcuma longa are applied to pustules.
28 Ficus hispida L. MPCW-UODA 3074/2013 Moraceae (Perennial) Shada dumur (Hairy fig) Fruit Diabetes. Dried and powdered fruits are eaten regularly.
29 Moringa oleifera Lam. MPCW-UODA 3075/2013 Moringaceae (Perennial) Sajna (Horseradish tree) Leaf, stem Jaundice. Juice obtained from crushed leaves and stems is taken orally.
30 Psidium guajava L. MPCW-UODA 3077/2013 Myrtaceae (Perennial) Peyara (Guava) Leaf bud, fruit Tooth infections, loss of appetite. Leaf buds are boiled in water followed by gargling with the water for tooth infections. Fruits are chewed and eaten to stimulate appetite.
31 Plumbago indica L. MPCW-UODA 3079/2013 Plumbaginaceae (Perennial) Agun pata (Scarlet leadwort) Leaf Pain. Leaves are fried in any oil and ghee (clarified butter) and massaged on the painful areas.
32 Persicaria glabra (Willd.) M. Gómez MPCW-UODA 3080/2013 Polygonaceae (Perennial) Kathali kot (Denseflower knotweed) Leaf sap Conjunctivitis. Leaf sap is applied to eyes.
33 Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms MPCW-UODA 3084/2013 Pontederiaceae (Perennial) Pana kochuri (Common water hyacinth) Root Feeling of hotness in head. Roots are soaked in water and kept on top of head.
34 Paederia foetida L. MPCW-UODA 3085/2013 Rubiaceae (Perennial) Padri gota (Skunk vine) Leaf Diarrhea. Leaves are boiled in water followed by drinking the water.
35 Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. MPCW-UODA 3086/2013 Rutaceae (Perennial) Bael (Bengal quince) Leaf Stomach disorders, watery stool, loss of appetite. Young leaves are chewed followed by drinking water for stomach disorders. Juice obtained from crushed leaves is orally taken for watery stool. Leaves are chewed to increase appetite.
36 Santalum album L. MPCW-UODA 3087/2013 Santalaceae (Perennial) Shada chandan (East Indian sandalwood) Wood See Phyllanthus emblica.
37 Scoparia dulcis L. MPCW-UODA 3088/2013 Scrophulariaceae (Perennial) Boner dhonia (Goatweed) Whole plant The Deb barma clan prepares a wine from fermenting the whole plant and drinks it.
38 Smilax macrophylla Roxb. MPCW-UODA 3089/2013 Smilacaceae (Perennial) Kumira lota Stem Weakness, tremor in hands or legs. Crushed stems are mixed with water. The water is taken orally in the form of a sherbet.
39 Physalis micrantha Link MPCW-UODA 3092/2013 Solanaceae (Annual) Bon morich, Pagla pata (Cape gooseberry) Leaf Infections between the fingers of legs from working long hours in water. Crushed leaves are applied to infections.
40 Pouzolzia zeylanica (L.) Benn. MPCW-UODA 3096/2013 Urticaceae (Perennial) Lajon turi (Graceful pouzolzs bush) Leaf Skin infections, skin disorders. Crushed leaves are applied as poultice on the affected areas of skin.
41 Clerodendrum viscosum Vent. MPCW-UODA 3097/2013 Verbenaceae (Perennial) Bhatir pata, Vite gach (Hill glory bower) Leaf Jaundice, helminthiasis. Juice obtained from crushed leaves is taken orally.
42 Lantana camara L. MPCW-UODA 3099/2013 Verbenaceae (Perennial) Motmoti (Spanish flag) Leaf Flatulence. Juice obtained from crushed leaves is taken orally.
43 Alpinia nigra (Gaertn.) Burtt. MPCW-UODA 3102/2013 Zingiberaceae (Annual) Tara (Galingale) Stem Being possessed by ‘genies’ or ‘ghosts’. Stem is tied with a thread around the waist and worn in that position till the patient is ‘cured’.
44 Curcuma longa L. MPCW-UODA 3105/2013 Zingiberaceae (Perennial) Holud (Turmeric) Rhizome See Azadirachta indica.