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Table 1 List of ethnoveterinary medicinal plants used for treatment of livestock ailments: scientific name; family; local name; growth form; ailment treated; plant parts used; condition of plant part uses; methods of preparation and application, route of administration, plant part mixed with and voucher number

From: Ethnoveterinary plants of Ankober District, North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia

Scientific name Family Local (Amharic) name Growth form Ailment treated Part used CPU MP AP RA Part mixed with Voucher no ermiasLX
Achyranthes aspera L. Amaranthaceae Telenj H Nasal infection R F 5 Na   104
     Ophthalmic infection L F 4 Op   
     Minor bleeding L F 3 De   
Aeonium leucoblepharum Webb ex A. Richard Crassulaceae Yefeyel Dabo H Sore L F 2 De   885
     Retained placenta/fetal membrane L F 5 O   
Allium sativum L. Alliaceae Nech Shinkurt H Blackleg BU F/D 5 O 8, 11 828
     Dermatophilosis BU F/D 2 De   
     Mange BU F/D 2 De   
     Scabies BU F/D 2 De   
     Ringworm BU F/D 2 De   
     Parasitic leech BU F/D 5 Na   
     Lice infestation in chicken BU F 4 De   
     Helminthiasis L F 5 O   
Apodytes dimidiata E. Mey. ex Arn Icacinaceae Yetemenja Inchet/Donga T Rabies SB F 5 O 5 887
     African horse sickness SB F 5 O   
Asparagus africanus Lam. Asparagaceae Seritie S Coccidiosis R F 1 O 7 189
Calotropis procera (Ait.) Aitf Asclepiadaceae Kimbo H Mange R F 4 De   894
Calpurnia aurea (Ait.) Benth. Fabaceae Digita S Tick infestation L F 4 De   76
     Helminthiasis L F 5 O   
     Snake bite R F 5 O 3, 11
     Sore L F/D 3 De   
     Parasitic leech BU F/D 5 Na   
Carissa spinarum L. Apocynaceae Agam S Helminthiasis R F 4 O   16
     Parasitic leech L F 4 De   
Cissampelos mucronata A. Rich. Menispermaceae Ingochit hareg C Cowdriosis P F 5 O 14 888
     CBPP P F 5 O 40  
Clematis hirsuta Perr. & Guill. Ranunculaceae Azo hareg C Blackleg R F 5 O 3, 8 18
     Pleuropneumoniasis L F 5 O   
Clutia abyssinica Jaub. & Spach Euphorbiaceae Feyele Fej S Bloody diarrhoea L F 5 O   10
     Nasal infection R F 5 O   
     Ophthalmic infection L F 4 O   
     Mucal diarrhoea R F 5 O   
     Bloat L F 5 O   
Croton macrostachyus Del. Euphorbiaceae Bisana T Ringworm L F 4 O   17
     Dermatophilosis L F 4 O   
     Mange L F 4 O   
     Scabies L F 4 O   
     Wound L F 4 O   
     Minor bleeding L F 3 O   
     Sore L F/D 3 O   
Cucumis ficifolius A. Rich. Cucurbitaceae Yemdr Imbuay H Coccidiosis Fr, R F/D 1 O   68
     Cowdriosis R F 5 O 3  
     Hepatitis Fr F/D 5 O   
     Wound L&R F 3 O   
Debregeasia saeneb (Forssk.) Hepper & Wood Urticaceae Wenz admek S Mange R F 2 O   890
     Lumpy skin disease R F 2 O   
     Scabies R F 2 O   
Discopodium penninervium Hochst. Solanaceae Ameraro S Blackleg L F 5 O   606
     Wound L F 2 O   
     Minor bleeding L F 3 O   
Dodonaea angustifolia L. f. Sapindaceae Kitkita S Bloat RB F/D 5 O   20
     Sudden diarrhoea R F 5 O   
     Ringworm R F 2 O   
     Scabies R F 2 O   
Dracaena afromontana Mildbr. Dracenaceae Merko S Blackleg R F 5 O   892
     Scabies R F 2 O   
     Dermatophilosis R F 4 O   
Dregea schimperi (Decne.) Bullock Asclepiadaceae Yedikula Kend C Snake bite R F 5 O   798
     Wound L F 4 O   
Embelia schimperi Vatke Myrsinaceae Inkoko C Bloat Fr F/D 5 O   505
     Mucal diarrhoea Fr F 5 O   
     Bloody diarrhoea Fr F/D 5 O 4  
Gomphocarpus fruticosus (L.) Ait. F. Asclepiadaceae Ashkla Hareg H Bloat P F 5 O 51 133
     Poor appetite R F 5 O   
     Sudden diarrhoea Fr, R F/D 5 O   
Hypericum quartinianum A. Rich. Hypericaceae Ameja S Snake bite R F 5 O   889
     Minor bleeding R F 4 O   
Hypoestes aristata (Vahl.) Soland. Acanthaceae Telenj H Wound L F 3 O   599
     Minor bleeding L F 3 O   
Inula confertiflora A. Rich.** Asteraceae Woynagift S Lumpy skin disease L F 5 O   877
     Mange R F 4 O   
     Ringworm R F 4 O   
Juniperus procera L. Cupressaceae Yeabesha Tsid T Retained placenta/fetal membrane R F 5 O   874
Leonotis ocymifolia (Burm.f.) Iwarsson Lamiaceae Ras Kimir S Anthrax R F 5 O 26, 27 871
     Blackleg L F 5 O   
Maesa lanceolata Forssk. Myrsinaceae Kelewa S Mange Fr F 4 O   42
     Tick infestation L F 4 O   
     Dermatophilosis Fr F 2 O   
     Helminthiasis Fr F 5 O   
     Parasitic Leech Fr F 5 O   
Nuxia congesta R. Br. ex Fresen. Loganiaceae Askwar T Calf pneumonia L F 5 O   897
     Cowdriosis SB F 5 O   
     CBPP SB F 5 O 9  
Ocimum lamiifolium Hochst. Lamiaceae Dama Kessie S Bloat L F 5 O   864
     Mucal diarrhoea L F 5 O   
     Poor appetite L F 5 O   
     Bloody diarrhoea L F 5 O   
Olea europaea L. subsp. cuspidata (Wall. ex G.Don) Oleaceae Woyra T Mange St F 4 O 21, 41 19
     Ringworm R F 2 O   
     Lumpy skin disease R F 2 O   
Pavetta abyssinica Fresen. Rubiaceae Seged achawach S Blackleg SB F 5 O   485
     Broken limb in calf SB F 3 O   
Pentas lanceolata (Forssk.) Defiers. Rubiaceae Yejib Mirkuz S Anthrax R F 5 O 30 213
Phytolacca dodecandra L' Herit. Phytolaccaceae Indod S Parasitic leech L F 5 O   243
     Mange R F 2 O   
     Helminthiasis R F 5 O   
     Lice infestation in chicken L F 4 O   
     Lumpy skin disease R F 2 O   
Plantago lanceolata L. Plantaginaceae Wusha milas tinishu H Rabies R F 5 O   860
Plantago palmata Hook.f. Plantaginaceae Wusha milas tiliku H Rabies R F 5 O   895
Podocarpus falcatus (Thunb.) Mirb. Podocarpaceae Zigba T Ringworm SB F 2 O   197
     Mange SB F 2 O   
Polyscias fulva (Hiern) Harms Araliaceae Yezingero wonber T Minor bleeding L F 2 O   823
Ranunculus multifidus Forssk. Ranunculaceae H Dermatophilosis R F 4 O   858
Ricinus communis L. Euphorbiaceae Gulo S Mange Fr F 4 O 21,33 33
     Scabies Fr F 4 O   
     Ringworm Fr F 4 O   
     Retained placenta/fetal membrane R F 5 O   
Rubus steudnerii Schweinf. Rosaceae Amoch S Bloat LT F 5 O   242
     Mucal diarrhoea R F 5 O   
     Bloody diarrhoea R F 5 O 32  
     Blackleg R F/D 5 O   
Senecio myriocephalus Sch. Bip. exA. Rich.** Asteraceae Sibut S Pasteurellosis R F 5 O   891
Sida schimperiana Hochst. ex A. Rich. Malvaceae Garda S African horse sickness R F 5 O   153
Smilax aspera L. Smilacaceae Ashkla hareg C Snake bite L F 5 O   853
Solanecio gigas (Vatke) C. Jeffrey** Asteraceae Dengorita T Hepatitis L F 5 O   531
Stephania abyssinica (Dill. & A. Rich.) Walp. Menispermaceae Yeait hareg H CBPP L F 5 O   130
     Calf pneumonia L F 5 O   
Tephrosia interrupta Hochst. & Steud ex Engl. Fabaceae Gerengere S Coccidiosis R F 1 O 30 893
Thalictrum rhynchocarpum Dill. & Rich. Ranunculaceae Sire bizu H African horse sickness R F 5 O   535
Trichocladus ellipticus Eckl. & Zeyh. Hamamelidaceae Abil wuha T Ophthalmic infection L F 4 O   896
     African horse sickness R F 5 O   
Triumfetta brachyceras K. Schum. Tiliaceae Leba Giraf S Ringworm R F/D 2 O   886
     Dermatophilosis R F 2 O   
Vernonia amygdalina Del. Asteraceae Girawa T Retained placenta/fetal membrane R F 5 O   22
     CBPP L F 5 O   
Withania somnifera (L.) Dun. Solanaceae Gizewa S Blackleg R F/D 5 O   206
Zingiber officinale Roscoe Zingiberaceae Zingibil H Bloat Rh F/D 5 O   
     Bloody diarrhoea Rh F/D 5 O 22 850
     Poor appetite Rh F/D 5 O   
     Mucal diarrhoea Rh F/D 5 O   
  1. Key: Growth form Tree (T); Shrub (S); Herb (H); Climber (C). Part used (Leaf, L; Root, R; Stem wood, St; Fruit, Fr; Bark, B; Root bark, RB; Stem bark, SB; Flower, Fl; Bulb, Bu; Rhizome, Rh; Latex, Lat). Conditions of part used (CPU) (Dry, D; Fresh, F). Methods of preparation and application (MPAP), 1. Boil, keep to cool for some time and let the animal drink the decoction; 2. Grind and cover surface of diseased parts with the powder; 3. Grind and paste the crushed part 4. Extract the juice/oil/latex and pour or paint it; 5. Pound, homogenize with cold water and allow the animal to drink it or pour it on infected part. Route of Administration; (RA) (Oral, O; Dermal, De; Nasal, Na; Optical, Op).
  2. **Endemic species.