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Table 2 Causes of diseases according to the Andean worldview of health and disease

From: Traditional medicine applied by the Saraguro yachakkuna: a preliminary approach to the use of sacred and psychoactive plant species in the southern region of Ecuador




Organic disorder

Poor diet, poor intake of food and beverage, alimentary excess

Alteration of the digestive, respiratory, circulatory, nervous or reproductive systems

Psychosocial disorder

Transgression of moral or social norms

Anger, rage, envy, suffering, grief

Supernatural disorder

Negative energy of a person or place

Shuka, mal de ojo, susto, encanto, supernatural diseases