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Table 1 Medicinal plant used for the treatment of human diseases; scientific name, local name, Habit, part(s) used, method of preparation, administration route and diseases treated

From: Medicinal plants used in traditional medicine by Oromo people, Ghimbi District, Southwest Ethiopia

Voucher number Family, Genera, species names Local names Growth habit Plant type, cultivated/wild Part(s) used and preparation method Administration route Disease(s) treated
BA Alliaceae, Allium sativum L. Qullubbii H D Bulb of A. sativum and rhizome of Ginger officinale are pounded and eaten with honey. Oral Malaria
78
BA Aloaceae, Aloe monticola Reynolds Hargisa H W Root is pounded and mixed with cold water and local alcohol (tella) Oral Anthrax
45
BA Aloaceae, Aloe macrocarpa Tod Hargisa H W Leaf of A. macrocarpa is powdered and mixed with honey Oral Wart
52
BA Amaranthaceae, Amaranthus caudatus L. Iyyaasuu H W Leaf is pounded and boiled. oral Diarrhea
6
BA Apocynaceae, Carissa spinarum L. Hagamsa SH W Fresh root of C. spinarum is pounded and mixed with tella (local alcohol). Oral Impotence
24
Gonorrhea,
Stomachache
Headache
BA Asteraceae, Acmella caulirhiza Del. Gutichaa H W Flower of A. Caulirhiza is chewed and spitted on tonsillitis Oral Tonsillitis
21
BA Asteraceae, Artemisia abyssinica Ariti H W Crushed fresh root of A. abyssinica is homogenized in water and the patient smell and drink Oral Nasal Evil spirit
35
Sch.Bip.ex.Rich/
Voucher number Family, Genera, species names Local names Growth habit Plant type, cultivated/wild Part(s) used and preparation method Administration route Disease(s) treated
BA Asteraceae, Echinops kebericho, Mesfin Qabarichoo H W Pounded dry root is mixed with coffee Oral Toothache
77
vomiting
Headache
BA Asteraceae, Guizotia scabra (Vis.) Chiov. Adaa SH W Leaf of G. scabra is squeezed and its drop is prepared. Dermal Wound
53
BA Brassicaceae, Coronopus didymus (L.) Sm Surumaa SH W leafy-stem of C. didymus is collected and dried in sunlight, crushed and mixed with soup of sorghum Oral Bone fracture
25
BA Cactaceae, Opuntia ficus -indica (L.) Mill. Nimi T W leaf of O. Ficus-indica is collected with small node and fumigated in the house fumigation Kill malarial vectors
38  
Voucher number Family, Genera, species names Local names Growth habit Plant type, cultivated/wild Part(s) used and preparation method Administration route Disease(s) treated
BA Capparidaceae, Crateva adansonii D.C. Prodr Qolladii SH W Dried root of C. adansonii powdered, mixed with water Oral Gonorrhoea
4
BA Capparidaceae, Ritchiea albersii Gilg Arbuu T W Drops from stem and tied on the wound Seed pounded and mixed with tea/ H2O Oral Cough
27
BA Combretaceae, Combertum paniculatum Vent Baggii SH W Bark latex of C. paniculatum is pounded and mixed with soda and creamed on affected skin. Dermal Ringworm
7
Voucher number Family, Genera, species names Local names Growth habit Plant type, cultivated/wild Part(s) used and preparation method Administration route Disease(s) treated
BA Crassulaceae, Kalanchoe densiflora Rolfe Endahula H W Leaves of K.densiflora is squeezed, and its drop is dropped on the wound Dermal Gonorrhea
61
BA Cucurbitaceae, Cucurbita pepo L. Buqqee H D Seed powder is mixed with water and filtered Oral Gonorrhea
67
BA Euphorbiaceae, Croton macrostachyus Del. Bakkannisa T W Powdered leafy-stem of C. macrostachyus is mixed with H2O and butter and filtered finally. Dermal Wound
38
Oral Malaria
Oral Gonorrhea
BA Euphorbaceae, Euphorbia abbyssinica J.F.Gmel. Adaamii T W Bark decoction is taken Oral gastro-intestinal, Ascaris, Gonohhorea
36
BA Euphorbiaceae, Justicia schimperiana (Nees) T. Anderson Loomii T D Seed of J. Schimperiana is crushed and mixed with water and filtered Oral Rabies
42
BA Fabaceae, Acacia abyssinica Hochst ex.Benth. Laaftoo T W Leaf of A. abyssinica is smashed and the sap is made. Dermal Goiter
26
BA Fabaceae, Albizia schimperiana Oliv. Imalaa T W Root of A. schimperiana and Pterolobium stellatum is dried and powdered. Nasal Evil eye
65
Root of A.schimperiana is powdered and the powder is rolled in clean cloth and tied to the neck of equines. Swelling
Voucher number Family, Genera, species names Local names Growth habit Plant type, cultivated/wild Part(s) used and preparation method Administration route Disease(s) treated
BA Fabaceae, Calpurnia subdecandra (L’Herit.) Schweick. Ceeqaa SH W Leaf of C. subdecandra is smashed and rubbed on affected area. Dermal Skin diseases
28
BA Fabaceae, Erythrina abyssinica Lam. Ex. DC. Beroo T W Crushed fresh bark is homogenized in water Oral Abdominal distention, and cramp
63
BA Fabaceae, Taverniera abyssinica A. Rich, Dingatanya SH W Dried root is fumigated only dry root is tuting with teelth Oral Spiritual disease
18
Internal Parasite
BA Lamiaceae, Ajuga integrifolia, Buch.-Hamn. Armaguusa H W Leaf of A. integrifolia is pounded and mixed with nut oil Oral Epilepsy
29
BA Lamiaceae, Clerdendrum myricoides Hochst Maraasisa SH W Leaves of C. Myricoides are extracted with cold water Oral Abdominal distension
32
BA Lamiaceae, Ocimum gratissimum L. Damakase SH w Leaf of O. gratissimum is squeezed and its drop is prepared Oral Alergic
11 Nasal
Skin
BA Lamiaceae, Ocimium lamifolium Hochst. Ex. Benth. Hancabbii H D Leaf of Ocimum lamifolium is smashed and sniffed Nasal Headache
15
Voucher number Family, Genera, species names Local names Growth habit Plant type, cultivated/wild Part(s) used and preparation method Administration route Disease(s) treated
BA Loganiaceae, Buddleja polystachya Fresen. Hanfaaree T W Leaf of B. polystachya is chewed and spitted on cattle eye. Optical Eye disease
31
BA Melianthaceae, Bersama abyssinica Fresen. Lolchiisaa SH W Leafy-Stem tip of B. abyssinica is squeezed and creamed on wound Dermal Wound
12
BA Moraceae, Ficus sycomorus L. Odaa T W Sap is collected from bark surface of Ficus sycomorus and creamed on skin. Dermal Hepatitis
47
BA Muluginaceae, Glinus lotoides L. Mataharree H W Leafy-stem of G. lotoides is crused, pwodered and liquified. Oral Tape worm
23
BA Myrsinaceae, Maisa lanceolata, Abbayii T W Bark of M. lanceolata is pounded and mixed with butter External, Elephantiasis
82
BA Myrtaceae, Eucalyptus globules labing Bargamoo Adii T D Leaf of E. globules is boiled in water Nasal Influenza
48 Allergic
BA Poaceae, Cynodon dactylon L. Pers Coqosa adii H W Leafy-stem is harvested and given for cattle Oral Bone fracture
30
BA Poaceae, Cynodon nemfuensis Coqorsa gurraacha H W Crash leaf stem with teeth Dermal Tonsillitis
46
BA Phytolaccaceae, Phytolocca dodecandra, L ‘Hert. Andoodee H W Leaf of P. dodecandra is squeezed and juice is made Oral Sinus
34
Anemia
BA Plumbaginaceae, Plumbago zeylanica L. Martus H W Leaf of P. zeylanica is squeezed and juice is made Oral Cancer
41
BA Polygalaceae, Rumex neppalensis Spreng Tult H W Root of R. nepalensis is pounded and two cup of tea is taken with coffee. Oral Stomachache
10
BA Polygalaceae, Securidica longipedunculata Fresen Etsamanaay (Amharic) T W Root is pounded and mixed with H2O Oral Intestinal parasite
13
BA Ranunculaceae, Nigella sativa L. Gurra SH D Concoction, dry pounded seed with pounded dry Brassica juncea and Echinops kebericho root, powder is mixed with water Nasal Headache
22
BA Rocaceae, Prunus africana (Hook. f.) Kalkman Hoomii T W Liquid extracts from P. africana bark is pounded, juiced and drunk for treatment Oral benign prostatic hyperplasia, prostate gland hypertrophy
37
BA Rubiaceae, Coffee arabica L. Buna T D Roust the seed, pounded and mixed with honey Oral Diarrhea
20
Voucher number Family, Genera, species names Local names Growth habit Plant type, cultivated/wild Part(s) used and preparation method Administration route Disease(s) treated
BA Rutaceae, Clausena anisata (Wild.) Benth. Ulumaa’i T W Leaf of C. anisata, Solanecio gigas and Justicia schimperiana are pounded together Dermal Skin irritation
39
BA Rutaceae, Ruta chalepensis L. Cilaattama H D Leaf of R. chalepensis and leaf of Vernonia amygdalina are smashed together and one cup of domestic alcohol is taken by human Oral Stomacache
44
BA Simarobouceae, Brucea antidysentrica Fresen Qomonyo SH W Leaf of B. antidysenterica is pounded and mixed with water in dish. Dermal External parasite
44
BA Solanaceae, Datura stramonium L. Asaangira SH W Leafy-stem is squeezed and its drop prepared with butter Dermal Wart Toothache
56
BA Solanaceae, Withania somnifera L. Dunal Kumo SH W Leaf of W. somnifera is powdered, juiced and drunk for 4 days. Oral Malaria
55
BA Zingibiraceae, Zingiber officinale Roscoe Zinjibila H D Leafy-Stem is pounded and mixed with “kullubbii + gurra” Nasal Influenza Internal Parasite treatment
17 Oral
  1. Keys: H- Herb, SH-Shrub, T-Tee, W, Wild. D-Domesticated.
  2. BA= Balcha Abera