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Table 2 Marcgravian edible species mentioned in ethnobotanical studies conducted in the northeast region of Brazil

From: Food flora in 17th century northeast region of Brazil in Historia Naturalis Brasiliae

Taxonomic track Popular name (Local) Use category (PU) Reference
Anacardiaceae    
Anacardium occidentale L. Caju-roxo, Caju-branco, Cajú, Cajueiro (RNE - PE, PB, CE) Fo, Med (Bar, Le), Woo, Fue, Cons, Tec, FC, SP [7991]
Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi Aroeira (RNE) Med (Bar), Woo, Fue, Cons, Tec [79, 82, 90]
Spondias purpurea L. Seriguela, Siriguela (RNE - PE, CE) Fo, Med (Bar, Le), Woo, FC [72, 79, 81, 82, 85, 86]
Spondias tuberosa Arruda Imbu, Umbu, Umbú, Umbuzeiro (RNE - PE, PB) Fo (Fr, R), Med (Bar, Le, Fr, R, Re), For, Woo, Fue, SP [13, 72, 7981, 8385, 87, 89, 92]
Annonaceae    
Xylopia frutescens Aubl. Imbira-vermelha (PE) Woo, Fue, Cons, Tec [82, 90]
Arecaceae    
Cocos nucifera L. Coco (RNE - PE) Fo, Med (En), Woo, Cons, Tec, FC, Orn, SP [72, 79, 81, 82, 85, 86, 90]
Syagrus coronata (Mart.) Becc. Licurizeiro (RNE) Med (Fl, Fr) [79]
Bignoniaceae    
Crescentia cujete L. Coité (RNE - PE) Med (Le, S) [79, 91]
Bixaceae    
Bixa orellana L. Urucum (RNE - CE) Med (Le, Fr, S) [79, 88]
Bromeliaceae    
Ananas sativus Schult. & Schult. f. Abacaxi (RNE - PE, CE) Med (Fr) [79, 81, 88, 89]
Cactaceae    
Cereus jamacaru D.C. Mandacaru, Mandacarú, Babão, Cardeiro (RNE - PE, CE) Fo (P, S); Med (Cla, Fr, R) [15, 7981, 83, 85, 88, 91]
Cannaceae    
Canna indica L. Cana-da-índia (RNE) Med [79]
Capparaceae    
Crataeva tapia L. Trapiá (RNE - PE) Fo, Med (Bar, Le, Fr, R), Fue, Cons, Tec, For, SP [72, 79, 84, 91, 93]
Caricaceae    
Carica papaya L. Mamão, Mamoeiro, Papaya, Mamão de corda (RNE - PE, CE) Med (Fl, Le, Fr, La), Woo, FC [7982, 85, 86, 88]
Convolvulaceae    
Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. Batata-doce (CE, PE) Med (Le) [80, 85, 88]
Cucurbitaceae    
Cucurbita pepo L. Jerimum, Abóbora (RNE) Med (S) [79, 81]
Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai Melancia (PE) Med [85]
Euphorbiaceae    
Manihot esculenta Crantz Mandioca (RNE - PE, CE) Med (Le, La, R) [79, 88, 89]
Manihot glaziovii Müll. Arg. Maniçoba (RNE) Fo (R), Med (Fl, Le) [16, 79]
Fabaceae    
Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth Feijão guandu, Feijão guandu (PE) Med (S) [80, 81, 91]
Lablab purpureus (L.) Sweet Feijão cabricuço (PE) Med (S) [91]
Malvaceae    
Hibiscus esculentus L. Okra (PE) Med (Fr, S) [91]
Musaceae    
Musa paradisiaca L. Banana-prata, Banana (RNE - PE, CE) Fo, Med (Le, Fl, Fr, R) [72, 7981, 85, 88, 89]
Myrtaceae    
Eugenia uniflora L. Pitanga (RNE - PE) Fo, Med (Le), Woo [72, 7982, 85]
Psidium guajava L. Goiaba, Goiabeira, Goiaba branca (RNE - PE), Goiaba vermelha (CE) Fo, Med (Le, Fl, R), Woo, Fue, Cons, Tec, SP [72, 7983, 85, 8890]
Passifloraceae    
Passiflora cincinnata Mast. Maracujá-do-mato (CE) Med (Le) [88]
Pedaliaceae    
Sesamum orientale L. Sesame, Gergelim-branco (RNE - PE) Med (S) [79, 91]
Piperaceae    
Piper marginatum Jacq. Capeba (RNE - PE) Med (Le) [79, 91]
Portulacaceae    
Portulaca oleracea L. Beldroega-branca, Bedroégua (RNE - PE) Med (Le, AP), For [79, 92]
Rubiaceae    
Genipa americana L. Genipapo (RNE - PE, CE) Med (Bar, Fr), Tec [7981, 88, 90, 91]
Sapindaceae    
Talisia esculenta (A. St.-Hil.) Radlk. Pitomba (PE) Fo, Med (Bar), Woo, Fue, Cons, Tec, FC, SP [72, 8082, 8486, 90, 91]
Solanaceae    
Solanum agrarium Sendtn. Melancia-da-praia, Gogóia (RNE) Med (WP, R) [79]
Xanthorrhoeaceae    
Aloe vera (L.) Burm. f. Babosa, Erva-babosa (PE) Med [89]
  1. Legend: RNE = Northeastern Region; PE = State of Pernambuco; PB = State of Paraíba; CE = State of Ceará; Fo = food; Med = medicinal; Woo = wood; Fir = firewood; Fen = fence; Fue = fuel; Cons = construction; Tec = technology; FC = fence construction; For = forage; Orn = ornamental; SP = shade production; PU = part used (R = root; Fr = fruit; P.Fr = pseudofruit; En = endosperm; P = pulp; S = seed; Le = leaf; Fl = flower; Bar = bark; I.Bar = intra-bark; Re = resin; La = latex; Cla = cladode; AP = aerial parts; WP = the whole plant).