Skip to main content

Table 4 Sources of Information for Figures 2–9

From: Gitksan medicinal plants-cultural choice and efficacy

Oplopanax horridus, Figure 2 Sources
Tenaina, Tlingit, Kaigani Haida, Haida, Squamish, Cowichan/Halkomelem, Cowlitz, Okanagan-Colville, Tsimshian, Carrier, Thompson, Bella Coola, Kootenay, Sechelt, Mainland Comox, Ohiat Nootka, Nitinaht, Upriver Halkmomelem, Skagit, Sahaptin, Heiltsuq [3,11]
Witsuwit'en [25]
Haisla (pers obs.), [29]
Cowlitz, Green River people, Skagit, Lummi [30]
Sahaptin [31]
Shuswap [32]
Coast Salish [33]
Kwakiutl [34]
Crow, Cheyenne [9]
Oweekeno [9,35]
Tahltan [35]
Makah [9]
Tagish [26]
Kaska Pat Moore pers. com., LMJ 1999 fieldnotes
Nuphar polysepalum (N. luteum ssp. polysepalum), Figure 3
Witsuwit'en [25,46]
Carrier (non-use) [46]
Tlingit [36]
Haida [37]
Thompson [38]
Makah, Quinault [30]
Ditidaht [39]
Kwakiutl [34]
Shuswap [32]
Nuxalk [40]
Okanagan-Colville [41]
Inland Tlingit [26]
Tagish [26]
Kaska LMJ fieldnotes 1998
Haisla, Henaksiala [9]
Kitasoo [9]
Upper Tenana [9]
Veratrum viride, Figure 4
Witsuwit'en [25]
Carrier, Nisga'a LMJ personal observations, fieldnotes
Tsimshian, Haisla, Lillooet, Bella Coola, Tlingit, Okanagan-Colville [3]
Blood [42]
Haisla [29]
Thompson [38]
Cowlitz, Quinault 'V. escholtzii' [30]
Bella Coola [40]
Kwakiutl [34]
Okanagan-Colville [41]
Tagish [26]
Inland Tlingit [26]
Haida 'V. escholtzii' [37]
Kaska (identification not confirmed with specimen) LMJ fieldnotes
Kutenai [9]
Kitasoo [9]
Owekeeno [9]
Tsimshian [9]
Haisla and Henaksiala, Henaksiala [9]
Flathead [9]
Blackfoot [9]
Abies lasiocarpa [=Abies balsamea ssp. lasiocarpa], Figure 5
Blackfoot [42]
Witsuwit'en [25]
Carrier [43]
Thompson [38]
Sahaptin [31]
Shuswap [32]?
Okanagan-Colville [41]
Kaska LMJ fieldnotes 1997–1999
Tagish [26]
Inland Tlingit [26]
Tahltan LMJ fieldnotes 1987
Tlingit [36]
Abies amabilis, Figure 5
Ditidaht [39]
Haisla [44,29], LMJ fieldnotes
Nuxalk [39]
Abies grandis, Figure 5
Ditidaht [39]
Coast Salish [33]
Green River [30]
Sahaptin [31]
Shuswap [32]
Kwakiutl [34]
Okanagan-Colville [33]
P. lutzii, hybrid spruce (P. sitchensis, engelmannii and glauca) and hybrids of Picea engelmannii and P. glauca, Figure 6:
Witsuwit'en [25]
Carrier – &P. engelmanii × glauca [42] & [23,43]
Thompson (all three species) [38]
Sahaptin [31]
Okanagan-Colville [41]
Chilcotin [38]
Shuswap [9]
Tahltan LMJ and [35]
Sekani [46]; LMJ fieldnotes 1999
Kaska LMJ fieldnotes 1998
Picea sitchensis, Figure 6
Haisla [29]
Makah, Quinault [30]
Nuxalk [40]
Kwakiutl [34]
Haida [37]
Nuu-Chah-Nulth Turner pers. comm. 1999
Picea glauca, Figure 6
Upper Tenana [9]
Tagish [26]
Inland Tlingit [26]
Tlingit [36]
Pinus contorta, Figure 7
Witsuwit'en [25]
Blood, Cree [42]
Thompson [38]
Quinault [30]
Sahaptin [31]
Shuswap [32]
Nuxalk [40]
Kwakiutl [34]
Tagish [26]
Inland Tlingit [26]
Kaska LMJ fieldnotes 1997–1998
Tahltan LMJ fieldnotes 1987
Carrier [23.43]
Okanagan-Colville [41]
Blackfoot; Carrier N; Carrier S; Flathead; Kutenai; Coast Salish; Sekani;Tlingit; Haisla and Henaksiala [9]
Haida [37]
Juniperus communis, Figure 8
Witsuwit'en [25]
Carrier [45]
Cree [42] & Siegfried pers. comm. 1994
Blackfoot [42]
Thompson [38]
Sahaptin [31]
Shuswap [32]
Nuxalk [40]
Kwakiutl [34]
Okanagan-Colville [41]
Kaska LMJ fieldnotes 1997–1998
Tahltan LMJ interview notes 1987
Tagish [26]
Inland Tlingit (as "crowberry") [26]
Henaksiala [9]
Upper Tenana [9]
Haida [37]
Coast Salish (Victoria area) Turner pers. comm 1999
Juniperus scopulorum, Figure 8
Thompson [38]
Swinomish [30]
Sahaptin [31]
Shuswap [32]
Okanagan-Colville [41]
Sambucus racemosa, Figure 9
Ditidaht [39]
Thompson [38]
Haisla [29]
Makah, Cowlitz, Squaxin, Quinault [30]
Coast Salish [33]
Nuxalk [40]
Kwakiutl [34]
Witsuwit'en LMJ notes
Carrier [23,43]
Carrier Southern, Hesquiat, Menominee, Micmac, Okanogan, Sikani (S. racemosa ssp. pubens var. arborescens) [9]
Cowlitz, Haisla and Henaksiala, Henaksiala, Hoh, Makah, Nitinaht, Quileute; Quinault; Squaxin [9]
Haida [37]