Skip to main content

Table 3 Important medicinal plants in short supply and prioritized for the research and development.

From: Developing the medicinal plants sector in northern India: challenges and opportunities

Sl. No. Botanical name Hindi name Part used No. of usesa Important uses Quantity required tonnes/annumb Species in short supplyc Species prioritized for R & Dd
1 Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd. Khair Root, bark 16 Asthma, bronchitis 2.4 -
2 Aconitum ferox Wall. Vatsnabh Root 6 Rheumatism - -
3 Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. Atees Root 12 Fever, cough, piles, stomachache 0.55
4 Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa Bel Fruit, bark 31 Dysentery, diarrhea, fever - -
5 Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd. Kulanjan Bulb 2 Health tonic 0.22 -
6 Andrographis paniculata (Burm. f.) Wall. Kalmegh Whole plant 22 Malaria, liver complaints, blood purifier - -
7 Aquillaria malaccensis Lamk. Agaru Leaf, resin 2 To remove fish spine from throat 0.17 -
8 Artemisia maritima L. Kunja Whole plant 7 Antiseptic, blood purifier 0.33 -
9 - Ashtavarga - - - 0.095 -
10 Asparagus racemosus Willd. Shatavari Root 22 Dysentery, cough, cut and wounds - -
11 Bacopa monnieri (L.) Penn. Brahmi Whole plant 20 Brain tonic, blood purifier, fever - -
12 Berberis aristata DC. Kingora Root, stem 4 Eye diseases - -
13 Cassia angustifolia Vahl Senna Root 3 Rheumatism - -
14 Chlorophytum tuberosum Bak. Safed musli Tuber 4 Leucorrhoea, sexual tonic - -
15 Coleus barbatus Benth. Patharchur Root 3 Tonic, blood pressure - -
16 Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhandari Guggul Resin, bark 9 Asthma, typhoid 2.3
17 Crocus sativus L. Kesar Flower - - - -
18 Curculigo orchioides Gaerten. Kali musli Root 26 Asthma, dysentery, tonic 2.25 -
19 Curcuma zedoaria (Christ) Rosc. Kachora Rhizome 4 Jaundice, blood pressure 0.225 -
20 Embelia ribes Burm. f. Jheum Seed, fruit 4 Skin diseases, leprosy - -
21 Garcinia indica Choisy Kokam Fruit 2 Skin diseases - -
22 Gloriosa superba L. Kalihari Rhizome 28 Snake bite, leprosy, tonic - -
23 Glycyrrhiza glabra Mulethi - - - - -
24 Gymnema sylvestre (Retz.) R. Br. Gudmar Root, leaf 8 Gastric disorders, eye diseases - -
25 Hemidesmus indicus (L.) Br. Anantmul Root 34 Cough, hypertension, dysentery 1.2 -
26 Mallotus philippensis Muell.-Arg. Kamela Fruit 16 Constipation, skin diseases, ulcer 0.155 -
27 Myrica esculenta Ham. ex Don Kaphal Bark, fruit 12 Asthma, fever, cough 0.225 -
28 Myristica fragrans Hoult. Jaiphal - - - 0.33 -
29 Nardostachys jatamansi (Don) DC. Jatamansi Rhizome 18 Bronchitis, blood purifier, hysteria 0.66
30 Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. Kamalphool Fruit, seed 4 Cholera, diarrhea, tonic 0.31 -
31 Ocimum sanctum L. Tulsi Seed, leaf 18 Fever, vomiting, liver complaints, blood purifier - -
32 Phyllanthus amarus Schum & Thonn Bhui amla Whole 3 Jaundice, aphrodisiac, dysentery - -
33 Phyllanthus emblica L. Amla Fruit 29 Constipation, diabetes, tonic - -
34 Picrorhiza kurrooa Benth. Katuki Rhizome 13 Headache, fever, dysentery, anemia, asthma 1.55
35 Piper cubeba L. f. Kabab chini Fruit 7 Cholera, fever, cough 0.335 -
36 Piper longum L. Pippal Root 16 Indigestion, child birth, dysentery - -
37 Pistacia chinensis Bunge Kakadshingi Fruit 3 Scorpion bite, dysentery 0.45  
38 Plantago major L. Isabgol Whole 7 Wounds, weakness, constipation - -
39 Rauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz. Sarpagandha Root 14 Malarial fever, snake bite - -
40 Santalum album L. Chandan Wood 7 Dysentery, skin diseases - -
41 Saraca asoca (Roxb.) De Wilde Ashok Bark, leaf 4 Heart disorder, tonic 6.8
42 Saussurea costus (Falc.) Lipsch. Kut Root 7 Dysentery, asthma, ulcer 0.43
43 Smilex sp Chopchini Root 12 Menstrual complaints, small pox 0.55 -
44 Solanum nigrum L. Makoy Fruit 27 Jaundice, piles, skin diseases - -
45 Swertia chirayita (Roxb. ex Flem.) Karsten. Chirata Whole plant 16 Malarial fever, blood purifier 2.5
46 Tinospora cordifolia (L.) Merr. Giloe Whole plant 22 Jaundice, tonic, bone fracture - -
47 Valeriana jatamansi Jones Tagar Root, leaf 4 Epilepsy, urinary complaints 0.275 -
48 Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal Ashwagandha Root, leaf 14 Eye complaints, asthma, cough - -
49 Wrightia tinctoria Br. Indrajava Bark, latex 14 Toothache, piles, dysentery 0.418 -
  1. a Based on Jain 1991 [81]
  2. b, c Medicinal plants in short supply and quantity required according to the Planning Commission, Government of India
  3. d Prioritized species of medicinal plants for research and development according to the National Medicinal Plants Board, Government of India
  4. - Not known