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Table 2 Ethnomedicinal plants used for high blood pressure, jaundice and diabetes in Trinidad and Tobago

From: Ethnomedicines used in Trinidad and Tobago for urinary problems and diabetes mellitus

Scientific name Family Common name Plant part used Use
Aloe vera Liliaceae Aloes Leaf gel Hypertension
Annona muricata Annonaceae Soursop Leaves Hypertension
Antigonon leptopus Polygonaceae Coralita Vine Diabetes
Apium graveolens Apiaceae Celery   Heart tonic, Low blood pressure
Artocarpus altilis Moraceae Breadfruit Leaves Hypertension
Bidens alba/Bidens pilosa Asteraceae Needle grass Leafy branch Hypertension, Diabetes
Bixa orellana Bixaceae Roucou Leaves, root Hypertension, Diabetes, Jaundice
Bontia daphnoides Myoporaceae Olive bush Leaves Diabetes, Jaundice, Hypertension
Carica papaya Caricaceae Papaya Green fruit Hypertension, Diabetes
Catharanthus roseus Apocynaceae White Periwinkle   Diabetes
Cecropia peltata Cecropiaceae Bois canôt Leaves Hypertension
Citrus paradisi Rutaceae Grapefruit Peel Hypertension
Cocos nucifera Arecaceae Coconut Shell, flower Diabetes
Cola nitida Sterculiaceae Obie seed Seed Hypertension
Crescentia cujete Bignoniaceae Calabash Leaves Hypertension
Cuscuta americana Convolvulaceae Love vine Vine Jaundice
Gomphrena globosa Amaranthaceae Bachelor button Leaves Jaundice, Diabetes, Hypertension
Hibiscus sabdariffa Malvaceae Sorrel Leaf Hypertension
Kalanchoe pinnata Crassulaceae W/world Leaf Hypertension
Laportea aestuans Urticaceae Red stinging nettle Leaves Diabetes
Momordica charantia Cucurbitaceae Caraaili   Diabetes
Morus alba Moraceae Pawi bush   Diabetes, Hypertension
Nopalea cochinellifera Cactaceae Rachette Joint Hypertension
Ocimum campechianum Lamiaceae Ti bom Leaves Hypertension
Passiflora quadrangularis Passifloraceae Barbadine Leaves Hypertension
Persea americana Lauraceae Avocado Leaf Hypertension
Phyllanthus urinaria Euphorbiaceae Red seed under leaf   Diabetes
Spiranthes acaulis Orchidaceae Lapsogen   Early-stage diabetes
Tamarindus indicus Fabaceae Tamarind Seed Hypertension