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Table 5 Traditional medicines cited to prevent and/or treat snakebites in the region of Serra da Jibóia, Bahia State, Brazil.

From: 'Offensive' snakes: cultural beliefs and practices related to snakebites in a Brazilian rural settlement

Usable resource Local name N° of citation Part used Method of use
Plant
Allium cepa L. Onion 6 Half cut Put it on the bite site (it pulls the poison out)
Allium sativum L. Garlic 5 Clove Put it on the bite site (it pulls the poison out)
Anacardium occidentale L. Cashew tree 12 Seed oil Put it on the bite site (it pulls the poison out)
Annona crassiflora Mart. Aticum 19 Seed Tea made from the seeds
Mucuna urens D.C. Horse-eye bean 5 Seed Tea made from the seeds
Joannesia princeps Vell. Macaw nut tree 10 Seed Tea made from the seeds; put scraps inside a brandy bottle
Amburana cearensis (Fr.Allem) A.C. Smith Amburana 8 Seed Tea made from the seeds
Euterpe edulis Mart. Juçara palm 7 . . . . . .
Zephyranthes sp. Rain lily 5 . . . . . .
Animal
Tinamus solitarius Solitary tinamou 5 Head Tea made from the powdered head; tied to the bite site
Oxyrhopus sp. Micrurus sp. False coral True coral 13 Whole Put it inside a brandy bottle and drink the liquid
Crotalus durissus cascavella Rattlesnake 9 Rattle Tea made from the powdered rattle
Poisonous snakes . . . 14 Snakestone Scrape it and drink it as a tea; tied it on the bite site
Gallus gallus Hen 6 Egg Eat it raw
Homo sapiens Human being 7 Urine Put it on the bite site
   14 Feaces Tea made from the feaces
Mineral
Arsenic bisulphur Rosalgar 8 Stone Tie it inside a cloth and put on the bite site
  Gasoline/kerosene 8 Liquid Put it on the bite site
  Gunpowder 4   Tea made from the gunpowder
  Anthill soil 8 Soil around an anthill Eat it