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Table 5 Ailments and diseases cured by the medicinal plant species collected in Bajo Quimiriki

From: Asháninka medicinal plants: a case study from the native community of Bajo Quimiriki, Junín, Peru

Disease category % of
MUR
Specific diseases No. of taxa Medicinal Use Reports
(MUR)
Parasitic, viral, bacterial 3.9 Chickenpox 3 3
and insect related   Cholera 4 4
sicknesses   Fungal infections 6 6
   Gonorrhoea 3 4
   Head lies 1 1
   Influenza 8 10
   Measles 2 2
   Rabies 1 1
   To prevent flu 1 3
   Uta (Leishmaniasis) 12 15
Cancer, neoformations 2.1 Cancer 4 4
   Hernia 4 4
   Prostate 12 15
   Stomach tumor 1 1
   To disinflamate cysts 1 1
   Tumors 1 1
Dermic system 21.8 'Arcoiris' 17 25
   'Pokio' 11 21
   Browses and swellings 20 39
   Burned skin 3 8
   Dandruff 2 2
   Haemorrhage 9 14
   Acne 6 7
   Skin rashes 1 1
   Skin rashes due to allergy 2 2
   Skin spots 11 23
   Sunburn 2 3
   To bathe babies 16 19
   To disinfect wounds 3 5
   To enhance beard growth 1 1
   To enhance hair growth 7 9
   To prevent formation of scars 1 1
   To prevent hair loss 12 25
   To prevent white hair 4 4
   To strenghten hair 1 1
   Warts 3 6
   Wound healing 21 53
   Wounds 4 7
Digestive system 20.3 Colics 6 15
   Diarrhoea 17 26
   Dysentery 2 2
   Emesis 5 5
   Gastritis 3 4
   Hepatitis 1 1
   Lack of appetite 1 1
   Liver-complaints 18 29
   Nausea 4 4
   Stomach ache 33 57
   Stomach acidity 9 14
   Stomach inflammation 3 3
   Stomach parasites 32 62
   To clean the stomach 2 2
   To extract caried teeth 2 3
   To make teeth fall 1 1
   To protect teeth 3 8
   To provoke emesis 1 1
   Toothpain 6 9
   Ulcers 6 10
Musculoskeletal and 6.1 Arthritis 1 1
articular system   Bone fractures 8 10
   Cramps 9 12
   Joint dislocations 7 8
   Osteoarthritis 13 19
   Pain in the muscles after work 2 3
   Scapular arthritis 4 6
   To relax the body 1 1
   Inflammation 3 3
   Internal inflammations 4 4
   Internal pain 'vaso' 3 3
   Pains in the body 7 7
Nervous system 3.9 Epilepsy 2 2
   Fatigue suppressor 2 2
   Headache 31 39
   Memory problems 1 1
   Relaxant 2 2
   Sleep disorders 1 1
   To make babies sleep 2 2
Reproductive system 7.2 To abort 10 22
   Disinflamation following parturition 2 2
   Galactagogue 1 1
   Menstruation pain 6 6
   Ovary infection 1 1
   Ovary inflammation 11 17
   Penis extender 3 4
   Sexual invigorator for men 6 9
   To correct irregular menstruation 2 3
   To enhance women fertility 4 5
   To give birth rapidly 3 3
   To give birth without pain 3 3
   To give birth rapidly and not feel the pain 3 3
   To lift up testicles 1 2
   Contraceptive 5 5
   To release the placenta after giving birth 1 2
   Vaginal infection 3 3
Respiratory system 1.9 Asthma 1 1
   Bronchitis 1 4
   Cold 3 6
   Cough 7 12
   Tubercolosis 1 1
Snake/spider/ 3 Ant bites 1 1
insect bites   Insect bites 6 19
   Snake bites 13 16
   Spider bites 2 2
Fever/Malaria 4.9 Fever 16 33
   High Fever 1 3
   Malaria 10 26
Urinary system 4.8 Infection of urinary duct 5 7
   Inflammation of urinary duct 2 2
   Kidney-complaints 24 50
   For babies to stop wetting the bed 2 2
Cultural belief system 15.9 Chacho 14 23
   Mal agua 1 1
   Mal aire 51 82
   Seeing shadows 6 8
   To bathe babies 16 19
   To become adult 1 1
   To bring good luck 1 1
   To connect with the spirits of the forest 1 2
   To diagnose illnesses 1 2
   To get ones spirit back 2 2
   To make babies talk 1 1
   To make babies walk fast 8 9
   To protect from witchery and illness 2 4
   To see other places 1 2
   To see who is the responsible for a witchery 1 1
   To strenghten newborn babies 9 11
   Used by tobacco healer 1 6
   Witchery 20 27
Other 5 Against laziness in children 1 1
   Alcoholism 2 4
   Anemia 2 2
   Cholesterol 1 1
   Earache 3 3
   Eye infection 3 9
   Eye inflammation 4 4
   General not well being 1 1
   Swallen feet 4 8
   To attract men 2 2
   To attract the other sex 3 3
   To attract women 3 4
   To be faithful to the partner 1 1
   To boost immune system 1 1
   To gain weight 1 1
   To live long 1 1
   To loose weight 2 2
   To prevent ageing 5 8
   To stop dreaming dead people 1 1
   To strenghten elderly people 2 2
   To strenghten the body 3 3
   Violent men 1 1
  1. The ailments and diseases are divided into disease categories with respective number of species.