Skip to main content

Table 1 Plants that are used to treat HIV/AIDS related disease conditions in Katima Mulilo, Caprivi region, Namibia

From: An ethnobotanical survey of plants used to manage HIV/AIDS opportunistic infections in Katima Mulilo, Caprivi region, Namibia

Family Collection No. Scientific name Common name Local name Parts used Disease conditions treated Mode of application
Aloaceae CM15 Aloe zebrina Aloe Chiforoforo Leaves Herpes zoster Rubbing
Anacardiaceae CM09 Sclerocarya birrea (A. Rich) Hochst Marula Mulula Root bark Candidiasis
Diarrhoea
Rubbing
Drinking
  CM35 Lannea stuhlmannii Engl. False Marula Rungomba Roots Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Skin infections, Rubbing
Rubbing
  CM54 Rhus natalensis Krauss   Rungomba Leaves/Roots Cryptococcal meningitis, Drinking
  CM10 Lannea schimperi (A. Rich) Engl.   Kangawa Bark Tuberculosis, Drinking
  CM55 Lannea zastrowiana   Rungomba   Skin rashes, Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Rubbing
  CM36 Rhus tenuinervis    Bark Chronic diarrhoea Drinking
Annonaceae CM37 Xylopia spp   Situnduwanga
Malolo
- Stomachache,
Malaria
Drinking
Drinking
  CM56 Annona senegalensis Pers. Dwarf custard apple Malolo Root Herpes zoster, Cryptococcal meningitis, Rubbing
Drinking
  CM65 Annona stenophylla     Skin infections Rubbing
Bignonaceae CM07 Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth. Sausage tree Mupolota Bark/Fruit Herpes simplex, diarrhoea Rubbing
Drinking
Bombaceae CM34 Adansonia digitata L. Baobab Mubuyu Leaves, Bark, Roots Malaria,
Dysentery
Diarrhoea
Drinking, Steaming
Drinking
Drinking
Burseraceae CM57 Commiphora africana - Mubobo Roots Swollen pancreas Drinking
Capparaceae CM11 Capparis erythrocarpos Isert.   Ntulwantulwa
-
Roots Skin rashes, Tuberculosis, Rubbing
Drinking
  CM53 C. tomentosa    Roots Cryptococcal meningitis,
Oral candidiasis,
Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex,
Chronic diarrhoea
Drinking
Chewing, Oral wash
Rubbing
Drinking
Chrysobalanaceae CM02 Parinari curatellifolia Benth. Mobola Plum Mubula Bark and Root Skin rashes,
herpes zoster, herpes simplex,
Tuberculosis,
Chronic
diarrhoea,
Rubbing
Drinking
Drinking
Clusiaceae CM12
CM32
Garcinia buchananii Bak.
G. livingstonei
African Mongosteen Mukononga Bark/Root Cryptococcal meningitis,
Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Skin rashes
Tuberculosis
Chronic diarrhoea,
Drinking
Rubbing
Rubbing
Drinking
Drinking
Combretaceae CM08 Combretum glutinosum   Mububu
Muzwili
Leaves Malaria, diarrhoea Steaming, Drinking
  CM52 C. latialatum,     Malaria, diarrhoea Steaming, Drinking
  CM31 C. micranthum,     Malaria, diarrhoea Steaming, Drinking
  CM58 C. platysterum,     Malaria, diarrhoea Steaming, Drinking
  CM38 C. spinesis.     Malaria, diarrhoea Steaming, Drinking
  CM66 C. collinum Sound. Weeping Mububu Leaves, Chronic diarrhoea, Drinking
  CM30 Terminalia mollis Laws bushwillow
Kudu Bush
Muhonono Bark. Roots
Bark
tuberculosis
Cryptococcal
Drinking
Drinking
  CM67 T. sericea, Mubeziyam Mukenge   meningitis,  
  CM47 C. apiculatum,      
  CM18 C. alaeagnoides pampa    Tuberculosis, Diarhoea Drinking
Cucurbitaceae CM06 Cucumis culeatus Cogn.   Katende Konnsa Root Malaria Steaming
Ebanaceae CM29 Diospyros mespiliformis Jackal Berry, Muchenje Bark and Leaves Malaria Steaming
  CM28 Diospyros melanoxylon, African Ebony Mujongoro Leaves and bark Malaria Steaming
  CM39 D. peregrina,      
  CM51 D. sylvatica,      
  CM59 D. tomentosa      
Euphorbiaceae CM27
CM40
Croton lechleri Müll. Arg.
Antidesma venosum Tul.
Tassel berry Mukena
-
Bark
Roots
Diarrhoea, lack of appetite, anaemia
Tuberculosis, chronic diarrhoea,
Oral candidiasis
Drinking
Chewing,
Oral wash
Fabaceae CM50 Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn - Muselesele Leaves Oral candidiasis Chewing,
Oral wash
Leguminosae CM05
CM60
Guibourtia tessmannii
Pterocarpus erinaceus
  Muzauli
Mulombe
Bark
Leaves, Stem
Malaria
Dysentery, diarrhoea
Drinking
Drinking
Malvaceae CM13
CM68
Hibiscus fuscus Garcke
H. sabdariffa
  Sindambi Leaves Chronic diarrhoea Drinking
Mimosaceae CM71 Albizia amara (Roxb.) Boiv.    Leaves Stomach pains Drinking
  CM41 A. anthelmintica
Brong.
Camelthorn Muhoto
Mikakanyi
Mukotokoto
Bark
Bark
Malaria
Herpes zoster
Drinking
Rubbing
  CM26 Acacia hockii De Willd.      
  CM49 A. erioloba,      
  CM61 A. erubescens,      
  CM69 A. nigrescens      
Moracea CM25 Ficus exasperate Fig Tree Mukwiyu Bark, Roots, Lack of appetite
Malaria
Drinking
Drinking
  CM62 F. thonningii    Leaves
Roots
Lack of appetite Drinking
Moringaceae CM42 Moringa stenopetala L Phantom Tree Moringa Leaves Vomiting, diarhoea Drinking
Myrsinaceae CM03 Rapanea melanophloeus (L.) Cape Beech Chisasa Leaves Bark
Seeds
Fungal infections
Helminths
Rubbing
Drinking
Myrtaceae CM24     Leaves Tuberculosis, Chronic diarrhoea, Coughing Drinking
  CM63   Water Berry/pear Mutoya Bark Chronic diarrhoea  
  CM42   Wild/Red syringa Musheshe Leaves/Bark Herpes zoster, Herpes simplex, Skin Rubbing
  CM48 Psidium guajava L. Syzygium guineense (Willd) DC
S. cordatum Krauss
Burkea africana
    rashes  
Ochnaceae CM14 Lophira alata   Muywe Leaves
Roots, Bark, Seeds
Malaria
Malaria, Coughing,
Gastrointestinal
disorders
Drinking
Olacaceae CM23 Schrebera alata Large Sourplum Mulutuluha
Mukauke
Root Skin rashes Rubbing
  CM43 Ximenia americana var. caffra (Sond.) Engl.    Root bark Candidiasis Rubbing
Papilionaceae CM16 Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. & Perr. Zebra wood Mukelete Leaves Back and joint-aches
oral candidiasis
ulcer boils
Rubbing, Oral wash
  CM44 Abrus precatorius L.   Isunde Leaves
Roots, Bark
  
Polygalaceae CM22 Securidaca longipedunculata Fres. Violet tree Muinda Leaves/Bark, Root Cryptococcal meningitis,
Oral candidiasis, Coughing
Drinking
Oral wash
Drinking
Rubiaceae CM17 Canthium zanzibarica Klotzsch.   Mubilo Bark, Root
Leaves
Cryptococcal meningitis, Drinking
  CM46
CM20
Cathium burtti, Vangueria infausta   Mubila   Oral candidiasis Oral wash
Ruscaceae CM21 Sansevieria trifasciatai Prain.   - Leaves Reduce pain and Inflammation Rubbing
Tiliaceae CM04
CM64
Grewia bicolor Juss.
G. avellana,
  Muzunzunyani Leaves, Bark, Roots Chronic diarrhoea Drinking
  CM45 G. falcistipula,      
  CM70 G. flava,      
  CM19 G. occidentalis