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Table 3 Species encountered and used in Northern Peru for reproductive problems

From: Medicinal plants used in Northern Peru for reproductive problems and female health

Family/Genus/Species Indigenous name Plant part used Admin. Use Coll. #
ADIANTACEAE      
Adiantum concinnum Wild. ex H.B.K. Culantrillo del Pozo, Culantrillo Leaves and Stems, fresh or dried Oral Menstrual regulation VFCHL29, TRUBH17, RBU/PL265, JULS149
AMARANTHACEAE      
Alternanthera porrigens (Jacquin) Kuntze Sanguinaria, Moradilla, Lancetilla Whole plant, fresh or dried Topical Cleansing womb after childbirth EHCHL142, ISA56, RBU/PL301, RBU/PL324, EHCHL93, GER117
Iresine diffusa H.B.K. ex Willd. Paja Blanca, Sangrinaria Whole plant, fresh Oral Inflammation of the ovaries, Menstruation symptoms in adolescents JULS75, ISA62
ALSTROEMERIACEAE      
Bomarea angustifolia Benth. Cachuljillo Whole plant, dried Oral Infertility in women ISA27
AMARYLLIDACEAE      
Eustephia coccinea Cav. Tumapara, Pomanpara, Puma Para, Para Para Bark, fresh or dried Oral Inflammation of uterus RBU/PL313, GER71, EHCHL68
ANACARDIACEAE      
Mauria heterophylla H.B.K. Shimir, Tres Hojas, Trinidad, Chacur, Ahimir, Feregreco Leaves, fresh 1. Oral
2. Topical
1. Inflammation of uterus, Inflammation of the ovaries, Cysts, Fibroids
2. Vaginal cleansing
ISA24, JULS17, EHCHL83
Schinus molle L. Molle, Moy Bark and Latex, fresh Topical Vaginal infection EHCHL123, JULS196, GER13
APIACEAE      
Petroselinum crispum (Miller) A.W. Hill Perejil Whole plant, fresh Oral Regulation of menstrual cycle ISA80, EHCHL31, ISA117, RBU/PL278, JULS225
APOCYNACEAE      
Thevetia peruviana (Pers.) Schum. Mailchin, Maichil, Camalonga, Cabalonga Seeds, dried Oral Menopause EHCHL162, TRUVan/Erica19, JULS187, EHCHL174, GER225
ASCLEPIADACEAE      
Sarcostemma clausum (Jacquin) Schultes Marrajudio Leaves, Stems, fresh Oral Promoting lactation in women after birth JULS121, GER43
ASPHODELACEAE      
Aloe vera (L.) Burm f. Sabila, Zabila, Aloe, Hojas de Sabila, Aloe Vera Leaves, fresh Topcial Vaginal inflammation, Vaginal ulcers, Vaginal cancer JULS274, GER22, EHCHL165, VFCHL10
ASTERACEAE      
Ambrosia peruviana Willd. Altamisa, Marco, Artamisa, Manzanilla del Muerto, Ajenjo, Llatama Negra Malera, Llatama Roja Malera Leaves and Stems, fresh Topical After birth to reduce inflamation and prevent spasms in the woman's womb JULS108, TRUBH18, RBU/PL370, TRUBH15, JULS90, GER9, GER110
Artemisia absinthium L. Ajenco Whole plant, preferably Leaves and Stems, fresh Oral Menstrual colics, Menstration, Regulating the menstrual cycle ISA66, RBU/PL363, GER146
Chuquiraga spinosa sp. huamanpinta C. Ezcurra Chuquiragua, Huamanpinta Leaves, dried Oral Prostate, Prostate inflammation, Sexual impotence EHCHL168, TRUBH9, JULS276, RBU/PL373
Clibadium cf. sylvestre (Aubl.) Baill. Flor de Novia Flowers, Leaves and Stems, fresh or dried Topical Before marriage EHCHL80
Matricaria frigidum (HBK) Kunth Manzanilla Whole plant, fresh or dried Topical Inflammation of the vagina JULS22, EHCHL1, TRUBH7
Matricaria recutita L. Manzanillon, Agua de la Banda, Manzanilla Blanca, Manzanilla Amarga, Manzanilla Whole plant, fresh Topical 1. Vaginal cleansing
2. Menstrual colics
JULS192, RBU/PL306, ISA120, ISA76, GER145
Monactis flaverioides H.B.K. Hierba del Susto (Amarillo), Malva, Mocura, Hierba del Susto, Hierba Susto Stems and Leaves, fresh 1. Topical
2. Oral
1., 2. Vaginal cleansing EHCHL19, RBU/PL274, TRUVan/Erica7, ISA104, ISA72
Paranephelius uniflorus Poepp. & Endl. Pacha Rosa, Carapa de Chancho Whole plant, fresh or dried Oral Inflammation of the ovaries, Uterus, Inflammation (internal female parts EHCHL133, JULS125
Schkuhria pinnata (Lam.) Kuntze Canchalagua, Canchalagua (Chica) Whole plant, fresh Oral Menstrual delay, Allergies, Menstruation RBU/PL266, JULS42, VFCHL27, GER228
Taraxacum officinale Wiggers Diente de Leon, Amargon Whole plant, fresh Topical Ovaries RBU/PL252, JULS150, GER62, GER189
BALANOPHORACEAE      
Corynaea crassa Hook. F. Huanarpo (hembra & macho) Tuber/Root, fresh Oral Fertility, Sexual potency, Male impotence JULS171, VFCHL52
BIGNONIACEAE      
Crescentia cujete L. Higueron Latex from Leaf, fresh Topical Healing of belly button after birth JULS164
BORAGINACEAE      
Cordia lutea Lam. Overo, Flor de Overo, Overal Flowers, fresh or dried Oral Prostate inflammation. ISA125, EHCHL77, JULS62, GER10
Tiquilia paronychoides (Phil.) Rich. Flor de Arena, Paja de Lagartija, Mano de Raton Flowers, fresh or dried Oral Inflammation of the ovaries JULS154, EHCHL107, ISA58, GER20
BRASSICACEAE      
Brassica rapa L. Nabo Root, fresh Topical Ovaries JULS201
Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medic. Bolsita del Pastor, Hierba del Pastor, Bolsa de Pastor Whole plant, fresh or dried Oral Prostate JULS7, VFCHL42, VFCHL12, RBU/PL257, EHCHL6
CACTACEAE      
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Miller Tuna Leaves, fresh Topical Hair loss JULS263, GER3
CONVOLVULACEAE      
Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lamarck Camote Whole plant, fresh Oral Promoting lactation in women after giving birth JULS120
CUCURBITACEAE      
Cucumis dipsaceus Ehrenb. Jaboncillo de Campo, Jaboncillo, Patito de Campo Fruits, fresh Topical Hair loss (prevention), Stopping baby from breastfeeding JULS174, GER35, JULS221
Cucurbita maxina Duch. Zapallo Flowers and joints of Stems, fresh or dried Oral Preventing miscarriage JULS272
Cucurbita moschata Duch. Zapallo Flowers and joints of Stems, fresh or dried Oral Preventing miscarriage GER32
CUPRESSACEAE      
Cupressus lusitanica Miller Cipre, Cipres Whole plant, fresh 1. Oral
2. Topical
1. Vaginal hemorrhage
2. Hair loss
RBU/PL288, JULS302
CYPERACEAE      
Oreobolos goeppingeri Sues Hierba Chupaflor, Hierba de Suerte, Hierba del Carpintero Leaves, dried 1. Topical Aphrodisiac EHCHL149, TRUVan/Erica17, EHCHL67, GER119
DIOSCOREACEAE      
Dioscorea tambillensis Kunth Papa Semitona Tuber, fresh Oral Inflammation of ovaries JULS283, GER140
Dioscorea trifida L.f. Papa Madre, Papa Pacta Tuber, fresh 1. Oral
2. Topical
1. Uterus disease and discharge, Cysts, Cancer of the Uterus, Inflammation of the ovaries, Vaginal discharge,
2. Fungus, Vaginal cleansing, Cancer of the Uterus
JULS214, EHCHL40, JULS212, GER142, JULS213
DIPSACACEAE      
Scabiosa atropurpurea L. Ambarina, Ambarina Negra, Flor de Ambarina Flowers, fresh 1. Oral
2. Inhaled
Menstrual regulation JULS100, EHCHL111, RBU/PL372, ISA50
ERICACEAE      
Bejaria aestuans L. Pullunrosa, Cadillo, Payama, Hierba de la Postema, Purenrosa, Rosada, Hierba del buen querer Flowers, Leaves and Stems, fresh or dried 1. Oral Prostate, Menstrual regulation, Inflammation of uterus, Cysts, Inflammation of ovaries, Inflammation of the womb, Uterus, Menstrual pain VFCHL22, JULS50, EHCHL39, ISA114, ISA43, JULS234, GER121
ERYTHROXYLACEAE      
Erythroxylon coca Lam. Coca Leaves, dried Oral Induce child birth, Strength for woman during childbirth, Helping delivery of newborn JULS144, GER201
EUPHORBIACEAE      
Chamaesyce hypericifolia (L.) Millspaugh Lecherita, Lechera Whole plant, fresh Oral Promoting lactation in women after birth JULS67, GER41
Manhiot esculenta Crantz Yuca Tuber, fresh Oral Vaginal infection, Vaginal discharge GER192
FABACEAE      
Caesalpinia spinosa (Molina) Kuntze Tara, Talla, Chanchalagua Seeds pods, fresh or dried Topical Fungus, Inflammation of ovaries, Inflammation of uterus, Inflammation of the vagina ISA55, EHCHL27, VFCHL21, JULS255, GER143
Desmodium molliculum (H.B.K.) DC. Pie de Perro, Pata-Perro, Pata de Perro, Chancas de Comida, Muña, Manayupa Whole plant, fresh or dried Topical Inflammation of the ovaries, Inflammation of the womb JULS41, RBU/PL268, GER135, JULS44, EHCHL109, RBU/PL256
Indigofera suffruticosa Miller Añil Stems, fresh Oral Cleaning of the woman, Expelling placenta from woman after giving birth GER198
Inga edulis C. Martius Huaba, Pacae, Guava, Pacai Flowers, fresh Topical Hair growth JULS168, JULS304, GER17
Inga feuillei DC. Huaba, Pacae, Guava, Pacai Flowers, fresh Topical Hair growth JULS168, JULS304, GER17
Mimosa nothacacia Barneby Uña de Gato de la Costa Bark, dried Topical Anus cyst, Vaginal pimples, Anal pimples JULS265, GER199
Prosopis pallida (H. & B. ex Willd.) H.B.K. Algarrobo Seeds, dried Oral Sexual potency JULS97, GER8
GENTIANACEAE      
Gentianella bruneotricha (Gilg.) J.S. Pringle. Anga Macha Whole plant, fresh Oral Infection of the uterus, After giving birth JULS282
GERANIACEAE      
Pelargonium odoratisimum (L.) L'Herit. Malva de Oro, Malva de Olor, Malva Olorosa Whole plant, fresh or dried Oral Inflammation of the ovaries, Inflammation of the womb TRUVan/Erica14, TRUBH6, EHCHL89, JULS188
Pelargonium roseum Willd. Geranio Flowers and Leaves, fresh Oral Hemorrhages, Uterus pain, Inflammation of the uterus JULS84
ILLICIACEAE      
Illicium verum Hook. f. Anis Estrella Seeds, dried Oral Expel residues of feces in stomach of newborn babies JULS102
ISOETACEAE      
Isoetes andina R. & P. Piri Piri Stems, fresh Oral Male impotence ISA100
KRAMERIACEAE      
Krameria lappacea (Dombey) Berdet & B. Simpson Ratania, Raima Leaves and Root, fresh Oral Inflammation of the ovaries JULS53
LAMIACEAE      
Lepechinia meyenii (Walpers) Epling Salvia, Salvia Real Whole plant, fresh or dried 1. Oral
2. Topical
1. Menstruation
2. Hair loss
RBU/PL303, VFCHL17, ISA91
Mentha spicata L. Hierba Buena, Hierba Buena Silvestre, Menta Whole plant, fresh Oral Aphrodisiac RBU/PL308, EHCHL74, RBU/PL267, JULS72, VFCHL3, JULS20, GER15, GER134, JULS20
Ocimum basilicum L. Albaca Mistura, Albaca Negra, Albaca, Albaca Morada, Albahaca (costa) Whole plant, fresh Oral 1. To promote dialation of the uterus, Hasten delivery, Preventing infections related to birth, Refreshing womb, Reducing inflammation after birth
2. After birth
JULS54, EHCHL48, VFCHL13, RBU/PL284, TRUVan/Erica8, GER191
Origanum majorana L. Mejorana Leaves and Stems, fresh Oral Menstration EHCHL88, JULS19, RBU/PL317, GER165
Origanum vulgare L. Oregano Leaves and Stems, fresh or dried Oral Menstrual cramps, Menstration, Lower stomach cramps related to PMS JULS205, GER114
Rosmarinus officinalis L. Romero, Romero Castilla Leaves, fresh or dried Topical Hair loss RBU/PL329, ISA78, TRUBH11, EHCHL3, JULS27, VFCHL2, ISA105
Salvia discolor H.B.K. Palmeras (Chica), Llatama, Yatama Stems, fresh 1. Topcial
2. Oral
1. Preventing infections related to birth, Fright/Susto in children
2. Preventing infections related to birth
ISA93, ISA151(93a), ISA25
Salvia officinalis L. Salvia Whole plant, fresh or dried Oral Control and regulate menstrual cycle JULS241
Satureja pulchella (H.B.K.) Briquet Panizara, Panisara Leaves, fresh or dried Oral Menstrual delay GER148, JULS43
LAURACEAE      
Persea americana Mill. Palta Seeds, fresh Oral Contraceptive, Sterilization for women only JULS211, GER18
LINACEAE      
Linum sativum L. Linaza Seeds, dried Oral Inflammation of the prostate EHCHL1599
Linum usitatissimum L. Linaza Seeds, dried Oral Inflammation of the prostate JULS185, GER139
LOGANIACEAE      
Buddleja utilis Kraenzl. Flor Blanca Flowers, fresh or dried Oral Menstruation, Inflammation of the womb, Ovarian cysts, Inflammation of uterus RBU/PL333, EHCHL38, ISA60, JULS155, GER136
LORANTHACEAE      
Tristerix longibracteatus (Des.) Barlow & Wiens Suelda con Suelda Whole plant, dried Oral Vaginal discharge (white or yellow) JULS296, GER74
LYTHRACEAE      
Cuphea strigulosa H.B.K. Lancetilla, Gacetilla, Sanguinaria, Gansetilla, Hierba del Toro Leaves and Stems, fresh Oral Discharges GER104, EHCHL35, VFCHL34, JULS33, ISA51, RBU/PL259, EHCHL43, JULS59, ISA53, GER147
MALVACEAE      
Malva sylvestris L. Malva (Chica), Malva Blanca Leaves and Stems, fresh or dried Topical Vaginal cleansing VFCHL49, EHCHL29
MENISPERMACEAE      
Abuta grandiflora (Mart.) Sand. Abuta (male and female) Root and Stems, fresh or dried Oral Contraceptive JULS88, RBU/PL312
MORACEAE      
Brosmium rubescens Taubert Palo Sangre, Palo de la Sangre, Ablita Wood and Bark, fresh or dried Oral 1. Fertility, Sexual potency
2. Haemorrhages (prevention and healing
JULS209, ISA49, EHCHL64, RBU/PL311, GER86, EHCHL62
MYRISTICACEAE      
Myristica fragrans L. Nuez Moscada, Ajonjoli Seeds, dried Oral Fertility, Sexual potency RBU/PL385, EHCHL155, JULS292, GER197
NYCTAGINACEAE      
Mirabilis jalapa L. Buenas Tardes Root, fresh Oral Prostate, Pre-prostate cancer JULS116, GER185
OLACACEAE      
Heisteria acuminata (H. & B.) Engler Chuchuasi, Chuchuhuasi Bark, fresh or dried Oral Sexual potency RBU/PL287, JULS138, GER164
Ximenia americana L. Limoncillo Whole plant, fresh or dried Oral Menstrual regulation JULS184
ORCHIDACEAE      
Aa paleacea (H.B.K.) Rchb. f. Hierba de la Soledad, Hierba Sola Leaves, fresh Oral Contraceptive, Sterilization of women ISA141, EHCHL75
OXALIDACEAE      
Oxalis tuberosa Molina Oca Rosada Tuber, fresh Oral Sexual potency JULS203
PASSIFLORACEAE      
Passiflora quardrangularis L. Hojas de Tumbo Leaves, fresh Oral Menstrual pain EHCHL135
Passiflora sp. Chulgan Leaves and Stems, dried Oral Promoting vaginal dilation during childbirth. JULS279
PLANTAGINACEAE      
Plantago major L. Llantén Leaves, fresh Topical Vaginal cleansing VFCHL50, EHCHL11, TRUVan/Erica13
Plantago sericea R. & P. var. lanuginosa Grieseb. Pajilla Blanca Whole plant, fresh or dried Oral Vaginal discharge JULS207
Plantago sericea R. & P. subsp. sericans (Pilger) Rahn Paja Blanca Stems, fresh or dried Oral Ovarian pain, Inflammation of the ovaries, Inflammation of the womb RBU/PL335, EHCHL96
POACEAE      
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Persoon Grama Dulce Stems, dried Oral Cysts of the ovary, Cysts of the uterus, Uterus, Fibroids, Uterus prolapse ISA61, JULS73, ISA106, GER151
Saccharum officinarum L. Azucar de Caña, Caña de Azucar, Caña Dulce 1. Fresh sugar
2. Stems, fresh
1. Topical
2. Oral
1. Aphrodisiac
2. Inflammation of the prostate
VFCHL4, JULS123, GER208
Triticum sativum L. Trigo Seeds, dried Topical Vaginal infection, Vaginal discharge GER182
POLYGONACEAE      
Rumex crispus L. Acelga, Lengua de Vaca, Hojas de Mala Hierba Whole plant, fresh 1. Oral
2. Topical
1. Infection of the uterus
2. Inflamation (internal woman parts), Vaginal inflammation
JULS70, EHCHL173
POLYPODIACEAE      
Polypodium crassifolium L. Lengua de Ciervo, Calaguala Stems, fresh Oral Prostate EHCHL71, TRUBH38, RBU/PL331, RBU/PL332, JULS52, JULS303
PORTULACACEAE      
Portulaca villosa H.B.K. Verdolaga Root and Stems, fresh Topical Hair loss GER171
PROTEACEAE      
Oreocallis grandiflora (Lam.) R.Br. Rumilanche, Bunbun, Huaminga Leaves and Stems, fresh or dried Oral Inflammation of the ovaries, Inflammation of uterus EHCHL127, JULS31, ISA28, ISA70
RANUNCULACEAE      
Laccopetalum giganteum (Wedd.) Ulbrich Huamanripa, Pacra, Flor de Guarmarya Leaves, fresh or dried Oral Fertilization (Heat Ovaries) VFCHL53, RBU/PL321, EHCHL42, JULS284, GER162
ROSACEAE      
Sanguisorba minor Scop. Pimpinela, Flor de Overa Whole plant, fresh Oral Menstrual regulation EHCHL117, TRUBH35, RBU/PL262, ISA57, JULS25, ISA147(103a), VFCHL20, GER170
RUBIACEAE      
Cinchona officinalis L. Cascarilla, Quinuagiro Bark, dried Oral Fertility, Sexual potency RBU/PL314, JULS127, ISA19, GER167
RUTACEAE      
Ruta graveolens L. Ruda, Ruda (Macho y Hembra), Hierba del Quinde Whole plant, fresh 1. Oral
2. Topical
1. Abortion
2. Aphrodisiac.
ISA152, JULS1, TRUVan/Erica20, EHCHL128, VFCHL16, ISA145(108a), GER24
Pouteria lucuma (R. & P.) Kuntze. Lucuma Fruit, fresh Oral Promoting lactation on women after giving birth JULS186
SOLANACEAE      
Cestrum auriculatum L'Herit Hierba Santa, Agrasejo Leaves, fresh or dried Topical Preventing spasms after giving birth, Warming women JULS166, RBU/PL281, EHCHL172, ISA122, GER174, EHCHL102
Cestrum strigilatum R. & P. Santa María Flowers, leaves and Stems, fresh or dried Oral Control and regulate menstrual cycle JULS245
Cestrum undulatum R. & P. Santa María Flowers, leaves and Stems, fresh or dried Oral Control and regulate menstrual cycle JULS246
Solanum tuberosum L. Chuno de Papa Tuber, dried Oral After childbirth complications JULS140, JULS141
THELYPTERIDACEAE      
Thelypteris cf. scalaris (Christ.) Alton Helecho Macho Whole plant, fresh or dried Oral Contraceptive JULS291
THYMELEACEAE      
Daphnopsis weberbaueri Domke Los Cholitos, Cholitos Seeds, dried Oral Infertility in women EHCHL153, JULS137, GER216
TYPHACEAE      
Typha angustifolia L. Chante Stems, dried Oral Prostate ISA45
URTICACEAE      
Pilea microphylla (L.) Lieberman Contra Hierba Whole plant, fresh Oral Prostate, Cysts RBU/PL282, EHCHL33
VALERIANACEAE      
Phyllactis rigida (R. & P.) Persoon Hornamo Estrella, Siete Sabios, Valeriana Estrella, Valeriana, Hierba de la Estrella Stems, fresh Oral Menopause EHCHL163, TRUBH30, JULS57, EHCHL44, JULS46, ISA137, RBU/PL365, RBU/PL355, GER187
VERBENACEAE      
Lantana scabiosaefolia H.B.K. Mastrando, Mastrante Leaves and Stems, fresh or dried Oral Cold of the ovaries, Menstruation, Women after childbirth to avoid colds VFCHL51, GER6