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Table 1 Characteristics of medicinal plants used by the snake charmers

From: Indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants used by Saperas community of Khetawas, Jhajjar District, Haryana, India

S. No. Botanical name Vernacular name Family name Habit Ailment treated Voucher number Status Abundance
1 Acacia arabica (Lam.) willd. Kikar Fabaceae T Cough, jaundice, male fertility disorders MDU 2601 W PS
2 Achyranthes aspera L. Ola kanta Amaranthaceae H Snake bite, tooth ache MDU 6001 W PS
3 Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd Kher Fabaceae T Mouth ulcers MDU 2608 W S
4 Aegle marmelos
(L.) Correa Ex. Schultz
Bael Patthar Rutaceae T Abdomen disorders, diabetes MDU 155630 W PS
5 Allium cepa L. Piyaz Liliaceae H Fever, snake bite MDU 6801 C PS
6 Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth. Sirus Fabaceae T Eye diseases, male fertility disorders, snake bite MDU 2604 W PS
7 Allium sativum L. Lasan Liliaceae H Microbial contaminations, MDU 6802 C PS
8 Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f. Guarka-patha Liliaceae H Abdomen disorders, piles MDU 6803 C S
9 Argemone mexicana L. Kateli Papaveraceae H Female sex disorders, eye diseases, mental disorders, skin diseases, tooth ache, wound healing MDU 401 W PS
10 Artemisia scoparia Waldst. & Kit. Nagdman Asteraceae H Snake bite MDU 3802 W S
11 Asparagus racemosus Willd. Arra Kanta Liliaceae CL Fever MDU 6806 C T
12 Azadirachta indica A. Juss Neem Meliaceae T Allergy, skin diseases, snake bite MDU 1801 C PS
13 Brassica campestris L. Kali sarson Brassicaceae H Abdomen disorders, allergy MDU 507 C PS
14 Barleria cristata L. Kala bansa Acanthaceae S Cough MDU 5606 W S
15 Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub. Dhak Fabaceae T Snake bite MDU 2404 W S
16 Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb. Pattarchat Crassulaceae S Wound healing MDU 12001 W PS
17 Capparis aphylla Roth. Kair Capparidaceae T Piles MDU 601 W T
18 Cassia fistula L. Amaltas Fabaceae T Skin diseases, snake bite MDU 2503 W PS
19 Cassia obtusifolia L. Sonmakhi Fabaceae S Eye diseases MDU 2518 W D
20 Calotropis procera (Ait) R. Br. Aak Asclepiadaceae S Abdomen disorders, allergy, cough, fever, fistula, eye diseases, male fertility disorders, skin diseases, snake bite, wound healing MDU 4602 W S
21 Cannabis sativa L. BhangBhang Cannabinaceae H Mental disorders, snake bite MDU 6501 C S
22 Cassia occidentalis L. Kasaundi Fabaceae S Snake bite MDU 2504 W S
23 Citrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad. Gadumba Cucurbitaceae CL Snake bite MDU 3301 W S
24 Cordia dichotoma Forst. L. Lesua Boraginaceae T Mouth ulcers MDU 4801 W S
25 Cocculus villosus DC. Nagdun Menispermaceae CL Fistula, snake bite MDU 301 W S
26 Curculigo capitulata Gaertn. Kali musli Liliaceae H Female sex disorders MDU 6703 C T
27 Curcuma longa L. Haldi Zingiberaceae H Female sex disorders, eye diseases, wound healing MDU 8001 C T
28 Cuscuta reflexa Roxb. Amerbel Convolvulaceae CL Fever, MDU 5001 W PS
29 Cyperus rotundus L. Motha Cyperaceae H Microbial contaminations MDU 7001 W PS
30 Datura metel L. Dhatura Solanaceae S Cough, male fertility disorders, mental disorders, respiratory problems MDU 5103 W S
31 Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk. Bhringraj Asteraceae H Snake bite MDU 3803 W S
32 Emblica officinalis Gaertn. Amla Euphorbiaceae T Eye diseases, jaundice MDU 6203 C PS
33 Eugenia jambolana Lam. Jamun Myrtaceae T Diabetes MDU 2902 W PS
34 Ficus benghalensis L. Badd Moraceae T Cough, diabetes fistula, jaundice, male fertility disorders, snake bite, tooth ache, wound healing MDU 6401 W PS
35 Gloriosa superba L. Kalihari Colchicaceae CL Snake bite MDU 6813 C T
36 Kyllinga monocephala Rottb Safad Nirbashi Cyperaceae CR Snake bite MDU 7010 W D
37 Leucas cephalotes Spreng Goma Lamiaceae H Snake bite MDU 5802 W PS
38 Mangifera indica L. Aam Anacardiaceae T Skin diseases MDU 2301 W PS
39 Melia azadirachta L Bakain Meliaceae T Microbial contaminations, piles MDU 1802 C S
40 Mesua ferrea L. Nag kesar Clusiaceae T Mental disorders MDU 11001 C T
41 Mimosa pudica L. Chui-mui Fabaceae H Diabetes MDU 2605 W PS
42 Momordica balsamina L. Jangli kerala Cucurbitaceae CL Snake bite MDU 3314 W PS
43 Momordica dioica Roxb. (Ex willd.) Banj kerala Cucurbitaceae CL Female sex disorders, male fertility disorders MDU 3304 W S
44 Ocimum basilicum L. Marua Lamiaceae H Fever, MDU 5807 C PS
45 Ocimum sanctum L. Tulsi Lamiaceae H Male fertility disorders, skin diseases, snake bite MDU 5804 C PS
46 Opuntia dillenii (Ker-Gawl.) Haw. Nagphani Cactaceae S Fistula MDU 3401 W PS
47 Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent. Aralu Bignoniaceae T Respiratory problems MDU 5306 W S
48 Pedalium murex L. Vilayati gokhru Pedaliaceae H Male fertility disorders MDU 5401 W PS
49 Peperomia pellucida (L.) Kunth. Panpatta Piperaceae H Fistula MDU 901 C D
50 Punica granatum L. Anar Punicaceae S Female sex disorders, jaundice MDU 3101 C S
51 Raphanus sativus L. Muli Brassicaceae H Piles MDU 503 C PS
52 Solanum ferox L. Lakshamana Solanaceae H Female sex disorders MDU 5115 W T
53 Spilanthes acmella Murr. Akarkara Asteraceae H Cough MDU 3808 C S
54 Tinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Miers. ex. Hook. F. & Thoms Giloy Menispermaceae CL Fever, jaundice MDU 302 C T
55 Tribulus terrestris L. Deshi gokhru Zygophyllaceae CL Female sex disorders MDU 1301 W PS
56 Tylophora indica (Burma.L.) Merr. Anta mul Asclepiadaceae CL Female sex disorders MDU 4612 W PS
57 Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal Aksin Solanaceae S Cough MDU 5111 W S
  1. Abundance status (C = Cultivated, D = Not Known, PS = Presently Safe; S = Sporadic = T = Threatened, V = vulnerable species, Endangered species = EN)
  2. Habit (CL = Climber, CR = Creeper, H = Herb, S = Shrub, T = Tree)
  3. Status of plants (W = wild, C = Cultivated)