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Table 1 Medicinal plants used to cure various ailments in Oshikoto region, Namibia

From: Ethnobotanical study of indigenous knowledge on medicinal plant use by traditional healers in Oshikoto region, Namibia

Scientific name Family Local name Ailment Time of recovery
Acacia ataxacantha Fabaceae Mukoro Headache 3 days
    Pneumonia 3-5 days
Acacia mellifera Fabaceae Okadilanghono Snake bite 1-2 days
Acanthosycios naudiniana Cucurbitaceae Ruputwi Mental illnesses 2 - 3 days, up to 16 months
    Inflammation Vary
Aloe littorals Asphodelaceae Endombo Bilharzia 1 year
Asparagus nelsii Asparagaceae Okawekamuthithi Eczema 1 - 7 day
Asparagus virgatus Asparagaceae Runkwanana Mental illnesses 2 - 3 days, up to 16 months
Baphia massaiensis Fabaceae Omulyambambi Fertility/impotent 1 day
Boscia albitrunca Capparaceae Munkudi Syphilis 4 days (depends on the severity)
    Chicken pox 2 days
Clerodendrum ternatum Lamiaceae Shanyu Eczema 1 - 7 day
Colophospermum mopane Fabaceae Omusati Swollen legs One week
Combretum collinum Combretaceae Mububu Coughing 1 week
    Panaritium 1 week
Combretum imberbe Combretaceae Omukuku Gonorrhea 2 -7days
    Fertility/impotent 1 day
    Male dysfunction 1-4 day
Croton gratissimus Euphorbiaceae Ongonyo Tetanus 2 - 3 days
    Lightening burn One day
Cyperus papyrus Cyperaceae Onziku Giving birth 1 day
Datura stramonium Solanaceae Egwitha Mental illnesses 2 - 3 days, up to 16 months
Dicoma tomentosa Asteraceae Okalupulupu Intestine cram 1 -3 days, 4 - 5 Months
Diospyros lycoides Ebenaceae Oshimumu Bleeding 1 - 4 days
    Higher fever 1 day
Diospyros mespiliformis Ebenaceae Omwandi Male dysfunction 1- 4 day
Dregia macrantha Apocynaceae Ondhingulula Male dysfunction 1- 4 day
    Easing birth Few hours
    Mental illnesses 2 - 3 days, up to 16 months
Erythropheum africanum Erythroxylaceae Mupako Gonorrhea 2 -7days
    Mental illnesses 2 - 3 days, up to 16 months
Euclea divinorum Ebenaceae Omudime Bleeding 1 - 4 days
Euphorbia monteiroi Euphorbiaceae Oshilalanamawadi Mental illnesses 2 - 3 days, up to 16 months
Ficus sycomorus Moraceae Omukwiyu Dermatitis 1 month
Gloriosa virescens Colchicaceae Ompilu Intestine cram 1 -3 days, 4 - 5 Months
Harpagophytum procumbens Pedaliaceae Ekakata Epilepsy 1 month
Harpagophytum zeyheri Pedaliaceae Ekakata Epilepsy 1 month
Helinus intergrifolius Rhamnaceae Murora Leg pains 2 -7days
    Stroke 2 weeks, 4 -6 months
Helinus spartoides Rhamnaceae Omutiwoheva Leg pains 2 -7days
    Stroke 2 weeks, 4 -6 months
Heliotropium sp. Boraginaceae Ohanauni Inflammation Vary
Kleinia longiflora Asteraceae Elangelamwali Mental illnesses 2 - 3 days, up to 16 months
    Colloid Vary
Kohautia angolensis Rubiaceae Omutingulula Intestine cram 1 -3 days, 4 - 5 Months
Lonchocarpus nelsii Fabaceae Mupanda Back pains 2 days
Peltophorum africanum Fabaceae Omupalala Leg pains 2 -7days
Pergularia daemia Apocynaceae Eriko Mental illnesses 2 - 3 days, up to 16 months
Plumbago zeylanica Plumbaginaceae Okadimeti Bleeding 1 - 4 days
Pterocarpus angolensis Fabaceae Uguva Coughing 1 week
    Leg pains 2 -7days
    Bleeding 1 - 4 days
Rhigozum brevispinosum Bignoniaceae Ngandu Syphilis 4 days (depends on the severity)
Ricinus communis Euphorbiaceae Olumono Epilepsy 1 month
Securidaca longepedunculata Polygalaceae Omudhiku Stroke 2 weeks, 4 -6 months
Senna italic Fabaceae Okatundangu Abscess depends
Spirostachys africana Euphorbiaceae Omuhongo Leg pains 2 -7days
Strychnos cocculoides Loganiaceae Maguni Culture bound syndrome 2-3 Days
Swartzia madagascariensis Fabaceae Omukonati Bleeding 1 - 4 days
Terminalia sericea Combretaceae Omugolo Leg pains 2 -7days
Tragia okanyua Euphorbiaceae Okalilifa Generalised oedema 4 - 5 months
Unidentified   Munzwe Ear infection 1 day
Unidentified   Xhangau Diarrhoea 2 - 3 days
Unidentified   !hare Abdomen pain 2 days
Unidentified   Guturoa Worms 2 - 3 days
Unidentified   Okayekaathithi Meningitis Vary
Unidentified   Oshihangena Barren Vary
Unidentified   Onzingankelo High Blood Pressure Vary
Unidentified   okasisiti Fatigue 4-5 days
Unidentified   Oshihangena Easing birth Few hours
Vangueria infausta Rubiaceae Oshimbu Dermatitis 1 month
Vigna dinteri Fabaceae Muyimbo Herpes 1 year
Ximenia americanum Olacaceae Kakukuru Scoliosis 1 week
    Culture bound syndrome 2-4 Days
    Gonorrhea 2 -7days
Ximenia caffra Olacaceae Ompeke Fertility/impotent 1 day
    Culture bound syndrome 2-5 Days
    Gonorrhea 2 -7days
Ziziphus mucronata Rhamnaceae Mukekete Gonorrhea 2 -7days