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Table 1 Ethnoveterinary medicine used for poultry and rabbits in British Columbia

From: Organic parasite control for poultry and rabbits in British Columbia, Canada

Scientific name, (botanical family) Voucher specimen number Local name Part(s) used Ethnoveterinary use
Acer macrophyllum Pursh (Aceraceae) JB 043 big-leaf maple leaves bedding - poultry & rabbits
Symphytum officinalis L. (Boraginaceae) JBCL 08 comfrey fed fresh or dried leaves diarrhoea poultry
Galium aparine L. (Rubiaceae) JB107 cleavers fresh or dried leaves and stems diarrhoea poultry
Papaver somniferum L. (Papaveraceae) JB 114 poppy fresh leaves or green pods diarrhoea poultry
Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench (Asteraceae) JBCl 07 Echinacea leaves are chopped and fed disease prevention chicks
Fucus vesiculosus L. (Fucaceae; Brown Algae) JBCL 11 Kelp meal added to feed bins every two weeks disease prevention chicks
Ulmus fulva Muhl. (Ulmaceae) not collected slippery elm Bark powder in feed for first two weeks disease prevention chicks
Linum usitatissimum L. (Linaceae) not collected Flax Ground seed Starter ration chicks
Ascophyllum nodosum (L.) Le Jolis (Fucaceae) not collected Norwegian sea kelp Dried meal Starter ration chicks
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (Chenopodiaceae) JBR 36 Epazote whole plant Endoparasites poultry
Chenopodium album L. (Chenopodiaceae) JBR 94 Lamb's quarters whole plant Endoparasites poultry
Artemisia vulgaris L. (Asteraceae) JB 108 Mugwort whole plant Endoparasites poultry
Arctium lappa L. (Asteraceae) CR 100 common burdock whole plant Endoparasites poultry
Symphytum officinalis L. (Boraginaceae) CR 35 Comfrey whole plant Endoparasites poultry
Taraxacum officinale Weber (Asteraceae) CR 46 common dandelions whole plant Endoparasites poultry
Mentha piperita L. (Lamiaceae) SS024 peppermint whole plant Endoparasites poultry
Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop. (Asteraceae) SS030 wild Canada thistle whole plant Endoparasites poultry
Urtica dioica L. (Urticaceae) SS023 stinging nettle whole plant Endoparasites poultry
Rubus spectabilis Pursh (Rosaceae) JB038 salmonberry whole plant Endoparasites poultry
Nicotiana rustica L. (Solanaceae) not collected wild tobacco handful of crumbled dry leaves or decoction endoparasites poultry
Nicotiana rustica L. (Solanaceae) not collected wild tobacco chopped stems, seed pods and leaves external parasites poultry
Nicotiana rustica L. (Solanaceae) not collected wild tobacco chopped dried stems red bird mites
Thuja plicata Donn ex D. Don (Cupressaceae) JBR 21 western red-cedar shavings red bird mites