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Table 2 Growth form, life cycle, growth location, edible parts and additional uses of wild food plants.

From: Ethnobotanical investigation of 'wild' food plants used by rice farmers in Kalasin, Northeast Thailand

Scientific name Growth form/Life cycle Growth location(s) Edible part(s) Additional use(s)
Aizoaceae     
Glinus oppositifolius (L.) Aug.DC. terrestrial herb/A rice field whole aerial parts  
Amaranthaceae     
Amaranthus viridis L. terrestrial herb/A rice field, home garden shoot, whole aerial parts medicine, fodder
Anacardiaceae     
Mangifera caloneura Kurz tree/P woods, upland fields fruit timber, domestic
Spondias pinnata Kurz tree/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields, roadside leaves, fruit medicine, timber
Annonaceae     
Polyalthia debilis Finet & Gagnep. shrub/P home garden, woods, upland fields fruit medicine
Polyalthia evecta Finet & Gagnep. tree/P home garden, woods, upland fields fruit medicine
Uvaria pierrei Finet & Gagnep. climber/P home garden, woods fruit  
Araceae     
Amorphophallus sp. terrestrial herb/A rice field, woods shoot  
Araliaceae     
Irvingia malayana Oliver tree/P rice field, woods seed medicine, timber, fuel, fodder
Arecaceae     
Borassus flabellifer L. tree/P rice field, home garden, upland fields flower, fruit, stem medicine, handicraft
Calamus sp. rattan/P rice field, home garden, upland fields shoot, fruit domestic
Asclepiadaceae     
Telosma minor Craib climber/P rice field, home garden, woods shoot, flower, fruit medicine
Basellaceae     
Basella rubra L. climber/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields shoot medicine
Bignoniaceae     
Dolichandrone serrulata Seem. tree/P woods flower medicine
Oroxylum indicum Vent. tree/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields shoot, flower, fruit medicine
Burseraceae     
Canarium subulatum Guillaumin tree/P woods seed medicine, fuel, fodder
Campanulaceae     
Lobelia begonifolia Wall. terrestrial herb/A rice field whole aerial parts  
Lobelia sp. terrestrial herb/A rice field whole aerial parts  
Clusiaceae     
Cratoxylum formosum (Jack) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Dyer tree/P rice field, home garden, woods shoot, leaves, flower fuel, domestic, dye
Garcinia cowa Roxb. tree/P rice field, woods shoot, fruit  
Compositae     
Blumea balsamifera DC. terrestrial herb/P rice field shoot medicine, ritual
Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC. terrestrial herb/A rice field whole aerial parts  
Convolvulaceae     
Cuscuta chinensis Lam. climber/A rice field, home garden, roadside whole aerial parts  
Ipomoea aquatica Forssk. terrestrial herb/P roadside shoot medicine, fodder
Cucurbitaceae     
Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt climber/P home garden, roadside shoot, flower, fruit medicine, fodder
Momordica charantia L. climber/A rice field, home garden shoot, fruit medicine
Ebenaceae     
Diospyros rhodocalyx Kurz tree/P rice field, home garden fruit medicine
Euphorbiaceae     
Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels tree/P rice field, home garden shoot, fruit medicine, ritual
Fagaceae     
Castanopsis sp. tree/P woods seed medicine, fuel
Gnetaceae     
Gnetum sp. tree/P rice field, woods seed  
Hydrocharitaceae     
Ottelia alismoides (L.) Pers. aquatic herb/P rice field, swamps whole aerial parts  
Hydrophyllaceae     
Hydrolea zeylanica (L.) J.Vahl aquatic herb/A rice field, swamps shoot, flower medicine
Lauraceae     
Cassytha filiformis L. climber/P rice field, home garden leaves, flower, stalk of flower, stem  
Lecythidaceae     
Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. tree/P rice field, home garden shoot, flower  
Careya arborea Roxb. tree/P woods, upland fields shoot, flower  
Leguminosae     
Adenanthera pavonina L. tree/P home garden, woods shoot, flower  
Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. shrub/P rice field, home garden, upland fields seed medicine
Cassia siamea Lam. tree/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields, roadside shoot medicine, cleaning
Dialium cochinchinense Pierre tree/P woods, upland fields fruit medicine, domestic
Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) de Wit tree/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields, roadside shoot, leaves, fruit medicine, fuel, fodder, auxiliary
Neptunia javanica Miq. terrestrial herb/P home garden, roadside, swamps shoot  
Neptunia oleracea Lour. aquatic herb/p rice field, swamps shoot  
Pithecellobium dulce (Roxb.) Benth. tree/P rice field, home garden, roadside fruit fuel
Senna sophera (L.) Roxb. shrub/P rice field, home garden shoot, flower, fruit medicine
Sindora siamensis Teijsm. ex Miq. tree/P rice field, woods, upland fields fruit medicine
Tamarindus indica L. tree/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields, roadside shoot, fruit medicine, timber, fuel, fodder, dye, cleaning
Xylia xylocarpa Taub. var kerrii (Craib & Hutch) I.C. Nielsen tree/P rice field, woods, upland fields seed medicine, timber
Liliaceae     
Asparagus racemosus Willd. terrestrial herb/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields shoot  
Limnocharitaceae     
Limnocharis flava Buchenau aquatic herb/A rice field, swamps shoot, flower, stalk of flower, fruit  
Marsileaceae     
Marsilea crenata C.Presl aquatic herb/P rice field whole aerial parts medicine
Meliaceae     
Azadirachta indica A.Juss. var. indica tree/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields shoot, flower medicine, auxiliary
Azadirachta indica A.Juss. var. siamensis Valeton tree/P rice field, home garden shoot, flower medicine, timber, auxiliary
Menispermaceae     
Cissampelos pareira L. climber/P home garden, woods, upland fields shoot, leaves medicine
Tiliacora triandra Diels climber/P home garden, woods, upland fields shoot, leaves medicine, domestic
Menyanthaceae     
Nymphoides indica (L.) Kuntze aquatic herb/P swamps shoot  
Moraceae     
Artocarpus lacucha Roxb. tree/P rice field, woods, upland fields fruit medicine, handicraft, chewing
Myrtaceae     
Psidium guajava L. tree/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields, roadside fruit medicine
Syzygium cumini (L.) Skeels tree/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields fruit medicine
Syzygium gratum (Wight) S.N.Mitra tree/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields shoot, fruit  
Nymphaeaceae     
Nymphaea pubescens Willd. aquatic herb/P rice field, swamps stalk of flower medicine
Onagraceae     
Ludwigia adscendens (L.) H.Hara aquatic herb/A rice field, swamps shoot, leaves, stem medicine, fodder
Opiliaceae     
Melientha suavis Pierre tree/P woods shoot, flower  
Passifloraceae     
Adenia viridiflora Craib climber/A woods, upland fields shoot, fruit medicine
Passiflora foetida L. climber/A rice field, home garden, upland fields, roadside shoot, fruit  
Poaceae     
Bambusa sp. bamboo/P rice field, home garden, woods shoot fuel, handicraft, fodder
Bambusa bambos (L.) Voss bamboo/P rice field, woods, upland fields shoot handicraft, fodder
Vietnamosasa ciliata (A.Camus) T.Q.Nguyen bamboo P woods shoot handicraft, fodder
Pontederiaceae     
Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms aquatic herb/P rice field, swamps shoot, flower handicraft, fodder
Monochoria hastata (L.) Solms aquatic herb/A-P rice field, swamps shoot, flower, stalk of flower handicraft, fodder
Monochoria vaginalis C.Presl aquatic herb/A-P rice field, swamps whole aerial parts medicine
Rhamnaceae     
Ziziphus mauritiana Lam. tree/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields, roadside fruit timber, fuel, dye
Ziziphus oenoplia (L.) Mill. shrub/P rice field, home garden, woods fruit medicine
Rubiaceae     
Oxyceros horridus Lour. shrub/P home garden, woods shoot, leaves medicine
Rothmannia wittii (Craib) Bremek. tree/P woods fruit  
Rutaceae     
Aegle marmelos Corrêa tree/P rice field, home garden, woods, upland fields shoot, fruit medicine, ritual
Sapindaceae     
Lepisanthes rubiginosa (Roxb.) Leenh. tree/P rice field, home garden, woods fruit medicine
Nephelium hypoleucum Kurz tree/P home garden, woods, upland fields fruit medicine, fuel
Schleichera oleosa (Lour.) Oken tree/P rice field, upland fields fruit  
Scrophulariaceae     
Limnophila aromatica Merr. terrestrial herb/A rice field, home garden whole aerial parts medicine
Umbelliferae     
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb. terrestrial herb/P rice field, home garden whole aerial parts medicine
Oenanthe javanica DC. terrestrial herb/P swamps shoot  
Zingiberaceae     
Alpinia malaccensis C.Presl terrestrial herb/P rice field, woods shoot, flower, stem medicine, auxiliary
Curcuma singularis Gagnep. terrestrial herb/P woods flower medicine
Curcuma sp. terrestrial herb/P woods flower, stalk of flower medicine
Zygnemataceae     
Spirogyra sp. aquatic herb/A rice field, swamps whole aerial parts medicine
Unidentified     
sp. 1 tree/P woods, upland fields shoot medicine
sp. 2 aquatic herb/A swamps shoot medicine, fodder
  1. For life cycle P is perennial and A is annual.