Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Medicinal plants their habits, growth habit, frequency of mention, plant part used, diseases treated, methods of preparation and administration.

From: Medicinal plants of Otwal and Ngai Sub Counties in Oyam District, Northern Uganda

Family Taxon Habitat Habit Plant part used Disease Number of diseases treated Freq of mention of plant Methods of Preparation Administration
Amaranthaceae Pupalia lappacea Juss. AA-49-07 Wooded grassland SH R Syphilis 1 2 Crushed, boiled* Extract drunk
Anacardiaceae Mangifera indica L. AA-53-07 Homestead T B Diarrhoea 2 8 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk twice a day
     R Cough    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
Apocynaceae Carissa edulis (Forssk) Vahl. AA-59-07 Grassland SH R Epilepsy 2 3 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drink
     S Abdominal pain    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
Asclepiadaceae Mondia whiteii Skeels AA-57-07 Forest C R Flu, cold 4 8 Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     R Abdominal pain    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk twice a day
     R Headache, cough    Picked, cleaned Chewed
Asparagaceae Asparagus africanus Hochst. ex.A. Rich AA-48-07 Open grassland SH R Swollen body 1 4 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk one glass twice a day , rub on skin cuts
Asteraceae Acmela canlirhiza Delile AA-64-07 Garden edge, road side H R, L Cough 2 2 Dried, powdered Extract drunk three teaspoon twice a day
     R Retained placenta    Crushed, mixed in warm water* Extract drunk
  Biden pilosa L. AA-47-07 Garden H L Wounds 1 3 Dried, powdered Applied on wound
  Echinops amplexicaulis Oliv. AA-07-07 Open grassland SH R Hydrocelle 7 7 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk three times a day
     R Hernia scrotal    Crushed, mixed in cold water* Extract drunk
     R Stomachache    Crushed , boiled Extract drunk 200 ml once a day
     R TB    Crushed, boiled Extract drunk quarter glass for adults twice a day, two spoonful twice a day for children
     R snake bite, whooping cough, syphilis    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk one glass twice a day
  Conyza sumatrensis (Retz.) E.Walker AA-35-07 Open grassland SH L Wounds 3 12 Crushed Juice onto fresh wound
     L Sore throat    Picked, cleaned Chewed, juice swallowed three times a day
     L Ring worm    Crushed Extract rubbed on affected part once a day
  Aspilia africana C.D Adams AA-37-07 Open grassland Abandoned gardens, road side SH R Sore throat 8 3 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     R Diarrhoea, dysentery    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk quarter a glass three times a day
     R Body cleanser    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     R Antidote    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     R Wounds    Crushed Juice squeezed onto wound
     R Induce appetite    Picked, cleaned Chewed, juice swallowed
     R snake bite    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
  Microglossa pyrifolia (Cam) O. Ktze AA-36-07 Wooded grassland SH R Anti venom 2 2 Crushed Rubbed on skin cuts
     L Epilepsy    Crushed, added in bath water Used for bathing, burnt in patient room
  Vernonia amygdalina Del. AA-46-07 Open grassland SH R Cough 9 10 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     R Abdominal pain    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk twice a day
     L Wound    Crushed Extract applied on wound
     L Malaria    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     R Swollen stomach    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     R Hernia    Dried, powdered Extract drunk 10 ml twice a day, extract rubbed on skin cuts
     R Headache    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk 2 spoonful thrice a day
     R STI    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk 500 ml thrice a day
     R Diarrhoea    Crushed, mixed in warm water Extract drunk 500 ml once a day
  Vernonia sp. AA-02-07 Open grassland, garden H R, L Backbone disease 1 3 Crushed, boiled , Heated over fire Extract drunk , heated leaves massage body twice a day
Bignoniaceae Markhamia platycalyx Sprague AA-54-07 Wooded grassland T R Ease child bearing, Induces labour 1 1 Crushed, mixed in warm water Extract drunk one glass once a day
  Stereospermum kunthianum Cham. AA-55-07 Wooded grassland T R Wounds 1 1 Dried, powdered Applied on wound
  Kigelia africana (Lam.) Benth AA-60-07 Wooded grassland T L Eye disease 3 2 Crushed Squeezed in eye
     B Poison antidote    Crushed, boiled Extract drunk once a day
     S Impotence    Dried, powdered Extract drunk, eaten.
Caesalpiniaceae Cassia siamea Lam. AA-56-07 Semi cultivated T R Sore throat 2 4 Crushed and mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     L Abdominal pain    Picked, cleaned Chewed, liquid swallowed
Capparaceae Cleome gynandra L.AA-61-07 Homestead, garden H L Headache 3 5 Crushed Rubbed on forehead
     L Ring worm    Crushed Rubbed on affected area
     R Eye disease    Crushed Dropped in eye
Caricaceae Carica papaya L. AA-43-07 Homestead T R body pain by witch craft 1 3 Crushed Rubbed on body twice a day
Celastraceae Maytenus senegalensis (Lam) Exell AA-45-07 Forest T R Epilepsy 2 1 Crushed, mixed in cold water* Extract drunk 50 ml three times a day
     R Miscarriage    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk 300 ml two times a day
Chenopodiaceae Chenopodium ambrosioides L. AA-50-07 Around home stead H L Headache 2 4 Crushed, mixed in hot water Steam inhaled, heated leaves placed on face
     L Epilepsy    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk 25 ml twice a day, applied on skin cuts
Combretaceae Combretum molle R.Br.G. Don AA-44-07 Swampy area, forest edge T R Cough 1 1 Dried, powdered added into one glass of water Drunk twice a day
  Combretum collinum Fresen AA-42-07 Open grassland T L Cough 4 12 Crushed, mixed in cold water* Extract drunk twice a day
     R, B Wounds    Crushed Juice squeezed on wound
     R, B Diarrhoea,    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk 4 teaspoon twice a day
     R, B Abdominal pain    Crushed, mixed in cold water  
Cucurbitaceae Cucurbita maxima Wall. AA-38-07 Gardens, antihill C R Abdominal pain 1 1 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
  Momordica foetida Schum. AA-52-07 Antihill C R STI 3 2 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk one glass once a day
     R Cough, abdominal pain    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk one glass twice a day
  Kedrostis foetidissima Cogn. AA-41-07 Open grassland C R Measles 1 1 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk once a day
Dioscoreaceae Dioscorea sp AA-62-07 Garden H L Loss of appetite 1 1 Crushed, boiled Eaten
Eurphorbiaceae Euphorbia hirta L. AA-71-07 Garden, along roadside H R Cough 2 6 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk three times a day
     St Fresh wound    Sap collected Applied on wound two times a day
  Fluggae virosa (Willd.) Voigt AA-40-07 Wooded grassland SH R Miscarriage 1 2 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk 250 ml twice a day
Fabaceae Piliostigma thonningii (Schumach.) Milne-Redh. AA-44-07 Open grassland T L STI 2 6 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk 750 ml thrice a day
     St Diarrhoea    Crushed, mixed in warm water Drink one teaspoon a day
  Cassia nigricans Vahl. AA-31-07 Open grassland SH St Wound 3 2 Crushed Apply on skin cuts
     L Worms    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     L Stomachache    Crushed Smear on stomach
  Erythrina abyssinica Lam. AA-29-07 Grassland T R Toothache 1 2 Crushed, boiled Massage tooth
Labiatae Hoslundia opposita Vahl. AA-09-07 Open grass land H R Epilepsy 2 6 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk two times a day, applied as nasal drop.
     R Whole body swelling    Crushed, boiled Extract drunk
Lamiaceae Clerodendrum myricoides R.Br. & Vatke AA-30-07 Open grassland S R Body pains 2 4 Crushed Rub on skin cuts
     R Cataracts    Crushed Extract dropped in eye twice a day
  Ocimum basilicum L. AA-32-07 Compound edge H L Eye cataract 3 3 Crushed Extract squeezed, dropped in eye twice a day
     L Fever    Crushed, mixed in warm water Massage body, add in bathing water
     L Malaria    Crushed, mixed in warm water Extract drunk
  Vitex doniana Sweet AA-25-07 Wooded grassland T R Eye disease 1 1 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract dropped in eye
Leguminosae Rhynchosia densiflora Wall. AA-27-07 Wooded grassland SH R Dysentery 1 8 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk two teaspoon twice a day
  Indigofera arrecta Hochst.ex. A. Rich AA-26-07 Open garden SH L Body swelling 4 5 Crushed Rubbed on skin
     R Round worms    Crushed, mixed in warm water Extract drunk 200 ml once a day
     R Headache    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     R Sore throat    Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk twice a day
  Acacia hockii De Wild AA-24-07 Open grassland T R Malaria + cough 1 1 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk two times a day
  Acacia sieberiana Tausch AA-23-07 Wooded grassland T R Epilepsy 2 1 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     R Dysentery    Crushed, mixed in cold water* Extract drunk half a Aglass two times a day
Loganiaceae Strychnos innocua Delile. AA-12-07 Swamps T R Witchcraft 1 1 Crushed, mixed in cold water Extract sprinkled on patient
Meliaceae Trichilia capensis Pers. AA-22-07 Grassland, SH R Stomachache 8 6 Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk 50 ml once a day
     R Stops miscarriage    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk half glass twice a day
     R West pain    Dried , powdered Powder added in water making 10 ml , drunk two times a day
     R Urine pain    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk two times a day
     R Back ache after birth    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     R Worms    Crushed, mixed in water Extract drunk
     R Diarrhoea, cough    Crushed , boiled Extract drunk 200 ml once a day
  Trichilia emetica Vahl. AA-21-07 Open grassland H R Snake bite 3 11 Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk, crushed leaves rubbed on skin cuts
     R Stomachache    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk once a day
     R prevent poison    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
Menispermaceae Cissampelos mucronata A.Rich. AA-33-07 Garden edges H R Abdominal pain 1 1 Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk three times a day
Mimosaceae Albizia coriaria Welw. AA-58-07 Wooded grassland T B Diarrhoea 1 1 Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
Moraceae Ficus vallis Chaude AA-20-07 Wooded grassland T R Dysentery, diarrhea 3 7 Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk half glass once a day
     B Ring worm    Sap collected Smeared on affected area twice a day
Musaceae Musa spp AA-69-07 Garden T F Diarrhoea 3 1 Sap collected Sap drunk thrice a day
     Fl Wound    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract applied on wound
     B Ring worm    Crushed Smear on affected area once a day
Myrtaceae Eucalyptus globulus Labill. AA-68-07 Home stead T L Cough 1 5 Crushed , boiled Extract drunk four teaspoon twice a day
Papilionaceae Crotalaria ochroleuca G.Don AA-04-07 Garden SH L Stomachache 1 1 Crushed , boiled Eaten
  Cajanus cajan (L.) Druce AA-17-07 Garden SH L Malaria 1 1 Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk 100 ml once a day
Poaceae Imperata cylindra P.Beauv. AA-67-07 Open grassland G R Abdominal pain 1 1 Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
  Pennisetum trachyphyllum Pilg. AA-66-07 Garden, dry land G R Abdominal pain 1 1 Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
  Sporobulus africanus (Poir.) Roebyns AA-65-07 Open grassland G R Retained placenta 1 2 Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk500 ml once a day
Polygolaceae Securidaca longipedunculata Fres. AA-19-07 Open grassland T R Body pains, 4 19 Crushed Rubbed on skin cuts once a day
     R Headache    Crushed Rubbed on skin cuts once a day
     R Skin disease    Crushed , mixed in cold water Rubbed on affected area three times a day
     R Body ache due to witchcraft    Crushed , mixed in cold water Rubbed on skin cuts once a day
Ranunculaceae Clematis hirusta Guill. & Perr. AA-05-07 Anthill on Open grassland H R Swelling 4 14 Crushed Massage affected area
     R STI    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk two glass thrice a day
     R Cough    Crushed , boiled Extract drunk twice a day
     Fl Flu    Crushed Inhaled
Rubiaceae Sarcocephalus latifolius (SM.) E.A. Bruce AA-51-07 Grassland SH R Piles 8 12 Burnt together with millet husk Direct smoke to anus
     R Scrotal hernia    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk 20 ml once a day for a month
     R Cough, stomachache    Crushed , boiled Extract drunk 200 ml once a day
     R STDs, worms    Crushed , boiled Extract drunk one glass twice a day
     R Diarrhoea    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk half glass thrice a day
     R Dysentery    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk 200 ml thrice a day
  Vangueria apiculata K. Schum AA-16-07 Forest edge   S Swollen feet , body 1 1 Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk half glass three times a day
Sapotaceae Vitallaria paradoxum (C.F. Gaertn) Hepper AA-14-07 Wooded grassland T B Diarrhoea 1 3 Dried , powder mixed in water Drunk 20 ml two times a day
Simaroubaceae Harrisonia occidentalist (Eng) L.AA-15-07 Ant hills SH R Worms 2 2 Crushed , mixed in warm water Extract drunk 500 ml a day
     L Sores on head of children    Crushed Rubbed on affected area twice a day
Solanaceae Capsicum frutescens Rodsch. AA-13-07 Under big trees SH S Backache 1 1 Crushed Crushed bark rubbed on skin cuts
  Solanum sp AA-10-07 Ant hills , open grassland SH R STI 5 2 Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     R Ear disease    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract dropped in ear thrice a day
     R Epilepsy    Crushed , mixed in cold water  
     R Diarrhoea    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk two teaspoon twice a day
     R Headache    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
  Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq AA-28-07 Homestead SH R Witchcraft 5 5 Crushed Rub on skin cuts
     R Hydrocelle    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     R/F snake bite    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     F Bone , muscle inflammation    Crushed , mixed in cold water* Extract drunk
Tiliaceae Grewia mollis Juss. AA-70-07 Open grassland T R Swollen body part 1 1 Scraped Plastered on swelling
Tricholomataceae Termitomyces microcarpus AA-71-07 Forest   R Boils 1 1 Crushed Smeared on affected area
Umbellifereae Steganofaenia oraliacea AA-63-07 Open grassland SH R Measles 2 2 Crushed Rubbed all over skin
     R Swollen body    Dried , powdered Added in one glass of water, drunk twice a day
Urticaceae Urtica massaica Mildbr. AA-08-07 Forest, swamp SH L Headache 4 4 Crushed Rubbed on forehead
     R Menstrual pain    Crushed Extract drunk four teaspoon twice a day
     R Boils    Crushed Extract smeared on affected area once
     R Cough    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
Verbenaceae Lanatana camara L. AA-03-07 Garden edge, roadside SH L Ringworms 4 5 Dried , powdered Smeared on affected area
     L Cataracts    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract dropped in eye
     R snake bite    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk 250 ml
     R Epilepsy    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
  Clerodendrum umbellatum Poir AA-06-07 Gardens SH R Cough 3 28 Crushed , boiled Extract drunk third a glass
     L Poison    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
     L Abdominal pain    picked , cleaned Chewed
Vitaceae Cyphostemma adenocaule Descoings. ex Wild & R.B.Drumm. AA-01-07 Open grassland C R Wounds 4 3 Sap collected Rubbed on skin cuts
     R Abortion    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk three teaspoon three times a day
     R Boils    Crushed Extract smeared on affected area once
     R Cough    Crushed , mixed in cold water Extract drunk
Zingiberaceae Zingiber officinale Roscoe AA-34-07 Homestead H R Meningitis 2 4 Crushed Rubbed on skin cuts once
     R Cough    Crushed, warm water added Drunk
  Aframomum angustifolium K. Schum AA-39-07 Open wooded grassland   S Cholera 2 11 Crushed , mixed in cold water Drunk
     S Diarrhoea    Crushed , mixed in warm water Drunk 50 ml two times a day for four days
  1. Key: Plant Habit: SH-Shrub T-Tree C- Climber H-Herb G-Grass
  2. Plant part used: R-Roots L-Leaves B-Bark S-Seeds F-Fruit S-Stem F-Flower
  3. Mode of preparation: (1*2*3*) - Used in combination with other plant species
  4. 4x- Mixed in oil