Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Animal species used for medicinal purposes by the “Riozinho do Anfrísio” community

From: Medicinal use of fauna by a traditional community in the Brazilian Amazonia

Local name English name Scientific taxonomy Number of use reports Number of informants UV index ICD catego- ries MAV index Medicinal applications Body parts used (andmodes of administration) UICN Red List CITES Appendi- ces Similarities(s)and differences(d)with other studies
Queixada White-lipped Peccary Tayasssu pecari 22 22 0,88 10 0,10 Pneumonia♣ Teeth (1) NT - [33](d)
   (Mammalia: Tayassuidae) 1    11   Indigestion Teeth (1)   
    1    10   Asthma Testicles (2)   
Tatu-canastra Giant Armadillo Priodontes maximus 10 14 0,56 19 0,25 Snakebite Nails (1) VU I [18](s)
   (Mammalia: Dasypodidae)        Fat (2, 3)   
    3    8   Earache♣ Nails (3)   
          Tail (3)   
    1    10   Asthma♣ Fat (3)   
    1    10   Cold Fat (3)   
    1    14   Menstrual pain Nails (1)   
    1    13   Rheumatism Fat (3)   
Anta Lowland Tapir Tapirus terrestris 6 14 0,56 11 0,20 Indigestion♣ Fat (3) LC II [33](s); [25](s); [26](d)
   (Mammalia: Tapiridae) 5    14   Menstrual pain Penis (1)   
    1    13   Hernia Fat (3)   
    1    14   Male sexual incapacity Penis (1)   
    1    13   Muscular pain Nails (1)   
    1    13   Rheumatism Fat (3)   
    1    9   Stroke Nails (1)   
Veado Red Brocket Mazama americana 3 6 0,22 13 0,10 Difficulty of walking in children Leg marrow (medulla) (2) DD - [18](s) ; [25](s)
   (Mammalia: Cervidae) 3    13   Muscular pain Fat (3)   
    1    8   Earache Fat (3)   
    1    13   Rheumatism Fat (3)   
    1    12   Calluses on the feet* Bowel fat (3)   
Caititu Collared Peccary Pecari tajacu 2 5 0,16 9 0,20 Stroke Bowels (1) NC - -
   (Mammalia: Tayassuidae) 1    10   Asthma Testicles (2)    
    1    1   Erysipelas (“Vermelha”) Fat (2)    
    1    13   Hernia Fat (3)    
    1    19   Snakebite* Fat (3)    
Tamanduá-bandeira Giant Anteater Myrmecophaga tridactyla 3 5 0,2 10 0,10 Asthma Tail hair (1, 4) VU II [3](d)
   (Mammalia: Myrmecophagidae) 2    6   Spasms in children    
Paca Spotted Paca Cuniculus paca 3 4 0,12 19 0,10 Extraction of sticks and thorns of the skin♣ Bile (3) LC III [18](s); [3](d); [24](s); [26](d)
   (Mammalia: Cuniculidae) 1    2   Tumour Bile (3)   
    1    4   Diabetes* Bile (?)   
Onça Jaguar Panthera onca 3 4 0,12 10 0,05 Asthma Fat (2) NT I [33](s)
   (Mammalia: Felidae) 1    13   Rheumatism* Fat (2)   
Capivara Capybara Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris 2 2 0,08 13 0,10 Rheumatism Bones (2) LC - [33](s); [25](s); [26](s)
   (Mammalia: Hydrochaeridae ) 1    10   Asthma Fat (2)   
Tatu* Armadillo Dasypus sp. 1 1 - 10 - Asthma* Fat (3) ? - -
   (Mammalia: Dasypodidae) 1    10   Cold* Fat (3)    
    1    8   Earache* Urine (3)    
          Tail (3)    
    1    14   Menstrual pain* Nails (1)    
    1    13   Rheumatism* Fat (3)    
    1    19   Snakebite* Nails (1)    
          Fat (2)    
Coelho* Tapeti Sylvilagus brasiliensis 1 1 - 7 - Conjunctivitis* Faeces (2) LC - [18](s)
   (Mammalia: Leporidae)          
Mulher* Woman Homo sapiens (Mammalia: Hominidae) 1 1 - 18 - Hiccup* Milk (2) - - [2](s)
Mutum-fava Razor-billed Curassow Pauxi tuberosa 9 18 0,72 18 0,30 Bleeding Beak (1) LC - -
   (Aves: Cracidae) 7    19   Snakebite Beak (1)    
    3    11   Indigestion Beak (1)    
    2    9   Stroke Beak (1)    
    1    4   Lack of appetite in children Gizzard (1)    
    1    10   Pneumonia Beak (1)    
Nambu-azulona♦ Grey Tinamou Tinamus tao 16 17 0,68 19 0,10 Snakebite♣ Feet scale (1, 4) LC - -
   (Aves: Tinamidae)        Feathers (1)    
    1    6   Spasms in children Feathers (1)    
    1    19   Protection against snakebite Feet and head (5)    
Arara azul♦ Hyacinth Macaw Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus 1 1 0,04 10 0,05 Pneumonia Beak (1) EN - -
   (Aves: Psittacidae)           
Jacamim♦ Dark-winged Trumpeter Psophia viridis 1 1 0,04 10 0,05 Pneumonia Leg (1) LC - -
   (Aves: Psophiidae)           
Galinha* Domestic Chicken Gallus gallus domesticus 1 1 - 8 - Earache*♣ Fat (3) ? - [57](s)
   (Aves: Phasianidae) 1    19   Snakebite*♣ Feathers (1)   
Arara amarela*♦ Blue-and-yellow Macaw Ara ararauna 1 1 - 10 - Pneumonia* Beak (1) LC - -
   (Aves: Psittacidae)           
Arara macao*♦ Scarlet Macaw Ara macao 1 1 - 10 - Pneumonia* Beak (1) LC I -
   (Aves: Psittacidade)           
Arara vermelha*♦ Red-and-green Macaw Ara chloropterus 1 1 - 10 - Pneumonia* Beak (1) LC - -
   (Aves: Psittacidae)           
Jabuti amarelo Yellow-footed Tortoise Chelonoidis denticulata 1 3 0,12 13 0,10 Hernia Fat (3) ? II -
   (Reptilia: Testudinidae) 1    10   Pneumonia Fat (2)    
    1    13   Rheumatism Fat (3)    
Jacuraru Black and white Tegu Tupinambis teguixin 2 3 0,12 8 0,10 Earache♣ Fat (3) LC II [18](s)
   (Reptilia: Teiidae) 1    19   Snakebite Fat (3)   
Sucuriju Green Anaconda Eunectes murinus 1 3 0,08 13 0,10 Hernia Fat (3) ? - [8](s)
   (Reptilia: Boidae) 1    13   Rheumatism Fat (3)   
    1    19   Wounds Fat (3)   
    1    9   Stroke* Fat (2)   
Jacaré Common Caiman Caiman crocodilus 1 2 0,08 10 0,10 Pneumonia Fat (2) LC I -
   (Reptilia: Alligatoridae) 1    13   Rheumatism Fat (3)    
Jabuti vermelho* Red-footed Tortoise Chelonoidis carbonaria 1 1 - 13 - Hernia* Fat (3) ? II -
   (Reptilia: Testudinidae) 1    10   Pneumonia * Fat (2)    
Sapo-canuaru Rainette Kunawalu Trachycephalus resinifictrix 1 2 0,04 6 0,05 Headache Pitch (“Breu”) (4) LC - [33](d)
   (Amphibia: Hylidae) 1    10   Pneumonia* Pitch (“Breu”) (4)   
    1    11   Toothache* Pitch (“Breu”) (4)   
Sapo-cururu* Giant Marine Toad Rhinella marina (Amphibia: Bufonidae) 1 1 - 1 - Erysipelas (“Vermelha”)* Abdomen (with the animal alive) (3) LC - [59](s); [18](s); [24](s)
    1    19   Wounds* Entire body (toasted and macerated) (3)   
Trairão Monster Wolf Fish Hoplias aimara 1 1 0,04 8 0,05 Earache Fat (3) ? - -
   (Pisces: Erythrinidae)           
Arraia* Ray Potamotrygon spp. 1 1 - 1 - Hair lice* Spur (6) ? - [33](d)
   (Pisces: Potamotrygonidae)          
Tucunaré*♦ Lower Xingu Peacock Fish Cichla melaniae 1 1 - 19 - Ray sting* Caudal fin (1) ? - -
   (Pisces: Cichlidae)           
Abelha* Honey Bee Apis mellifera 1 1 - 10 - Cold* Honey (2) ? - -
   (Insecta: Apidae)           
  1. Legend: *Informations obtained exclusively from participant observations. ♦Species that were documented for the first time with medical use in Brazil. ♣The diseases and the corresponding species that were cited by the only two women that our study included: one from the semi-structured interviews and the other from the participant observations (all other species and data were cited exclusively by men). Use-reports: number of times a medicinal application was mentioned by the informants for each species. Number of informants: number of informants that cited each species for medicinal purposes. UV = species’ Use Value. ICD categories: categories of diseases described by the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems of the World Health Organization (see details in Table 1). MAV = species’ Medicinal Applications Value. Modes of administration: (1) = infusion; (2) = ingestion; (3) = topical use; (4) = inhalation; (5) = amulet, (6) = mixed. Conservation categories according to the IUCN Red List: LC = Least concern; NT = Near threatened; VU = Vulnerable, EN = Endangered, CR = Critically endangered; DD = Data deficient. CITES appendices: I, II or III. (s) Studies reporting similar findings about the medicinal uses of a species; (d) studies reporting different findings about the medicinal uses of a species.