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Table 2 Terrestrial vertebrates used by residents of the study area

From: Wildlife uses and hunting patterns in rural communities of the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico

Species English name Maya name Record type USE [part used] by community
  20NOV NB HXZ + UHM CHV
MAMMALS
Odocoileus virginianus White-tailed deer Kéej H F [m] F [m] F [m] F [m]
MD [f, h] MD [f] MD [f] MD [f]
T [ho] T [bo] T [bo, t, sk] T [bo, ho]
AD [ho, h, sk] AD [ho, sk] AD [ho] AD [ho]
      C [m] C [m]
Mazama americana; M. pandora Red brocket deer Yuk H F [m] F [m] F [m] F [m]
MD [f, h] MD [f] MD [f] MD [f]
AD [ho, h, sk] T [bo] T [bo, ho, t] AD [ho]
   AD [ho] AD [ho] C [m]
      C [m]   
Pecari tajacu Collared peccary Kitam H F [m] F [m] F [m] F [m]
MD [h, sg] MD [sg, l] MD [h] MD [h]
AD [ja] T [bo] T [ja] C [m]
DC   DC   C [m] DC  
     DC   H  
      H    
Tayassu pecari White-lipped peccary K'áaxil k'éek'en H; Re F [m] F [m] F [m] F [m]
Dasyprocta punctata Central American agouti Tsuub H; Re F [m] F [m] F [m] F [m]
    Ob MD [ha]    MD [ha, bo]   
     P        
Cuniculus paca Paca Jaaleb H F [m] F [m] F [m] F [m]
       MD [bo, bi] MD [bi] P  
         AD [s] H  
         P    
         H    
         C [m]   
Dasypus novemcinctus Nine-banded armadillo Weech H; Re MD [b, sh] F [m] ---- ---- ---- ----
       MD [b, t]     
Nasua narica White-nosed coati Chi’ik H F [m] F [m] F [m] F [m]
MD [g, f] MD [m, g] MD [g] DC
     DC   DC   DC    
Tapirus bairdii Baird’s tapir Tsíimin H; Re DC   DC   DC   DC  
       F [m] F [m]   
       MD [h]     
Orthogeomys hispidus Hispid pocket gopher Baj H DC   F [wb] F [wb, ex] F [wb, ex]
     F [wb] DC   MD [ja] DC  
     MD [bo]    DC    
Panthera onca Jaguar Báalam; Chak mo’ol H; Re MD [f] DC   MD [f] MD [f]
AD [fa] AD [fa] AD [fa] AD [fa]
DC   S [fa, sk] S [fa] S [fa]
       MD [f] DC   DC  
Puma concolor Cougar Coj H; Re MD [f] DC   MD [f] MD [f]
AD [fa] AD [fa] AD [fa] AD [fa]
DC   S [fa] S [fa] S [fa]
     F [m] F [m]
         DC   DC  
Leopardus pardalis Ocelot Sak xikin Re ¿? ¿? P   AD [fa, wb] AD [fa]
Leopardus wiedii Margay ¿? Re P   DC   MD [m] ---- ----
Herpailurus yagouaroundi Yaguarundi “Ca” coj H; Re ¿? ¿? ¿? ¿? AD [fa] AD [fa]
Ateles geoffroyi Geoffroy’s spider monkey Ma’ax Ob P   ---- ---- P   MD [m, f]
         MD [c, gr]   
Alouatta pigra Black howler monkey Ba’ats’ Re ---- ---- ---- ---- MD [m, f] MD [m, f]
Procyon lotor Northern raccon K’ulu Re DC   DC   DC   DC  
Potos flavus Kinkajou Áak’ab ma’ax Ob ---- ---- F [m] ---- ---- ---- ----
       AD [sk]     
Eira barbara Tayra San jo’ol H ---- ---- ---- ---- DC   DC  
Didelphis marsupialis Common opossum Ooch Re ---- ---- ---- ---- MD [m] ---- ----
Conepatus sp. Skunk Pay ooch Re MD [m, wb] MD [m, f] ---- ---- ---- ----
Coendu mexicanus Mexican porcupine K’ixpachoch Re ---- ---- MD [sp] MD [sp] ---- ----
Tamandua mexicana Northern tamandua Chaab Re ---- ---- MD [m] ---- ---- ---- ----
Sciurus sp. Squirrel Ku’uk Ob ---- ---- ---- ---- P   ---- ----
         F [m]   
Rodentia Mice ¿? Re ---- ---- ---- ---- MD [ex] MD [ex]
BIRDS
Ortalis vetula Plain Chachalaca Baach H; Re F [m] F [m] F [m] F [m]
     P        
Penelope purpurascens Crested Guan Koox H; Re F [m] F [m] F [m] F [m]
Crax rubra Great Curassow K’anbul H F [m] F [m] F [m] F [m]
     MD [f]    MD [cr] T [fe]
Meleagris ocellata Ocellated Turkey Kúuts H F [m] F [m] F [m] F [m]
MD [f] AD [fe] AD [sr] AD [sr]
T [sr]    T sr, fe] S [sr]
     S [sr]    S [sr]   
Cryptullerus sp. Tinamou ¿? H; Re F [m] F [m] ---- ---- ---- ----
Columbidae Pigeon ¿? Ob P   ---- ---- P   ---- ----
Tinamus major Great Tinamou Noom Re ---- ---- ---- ---- F [m] F [m]
Colinus virginianus Northern bobwhite Beech’ Ob ---- ---- ---- ---- P   ---- ----
         F [m]   
Trochilidae Hummingbird Ts’unu’un Re ---- ---- ---- ---- MD [b] ---- ----
Ramphastos sulfuratus Keel-billed Toucan Pan ch’eel Ob ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- P  
Sarcoramphus papa King Vulture Ch’oom Re ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- MD [wb]
Coragyps atratus Black Vulture Ch’oom Re ---- ---- MD [m, fe] ---- ---- MD [fe]
Amazona sp. Parrot T’uut’ Ob P   P   P   P  
DC DC F [m] DC
         DC    
Picidae Woodpecker ¿? Re ---- ---- MD [he] ---- ---- ---- ----
Buteogallus sp. Black Hawk ¿? Re ---- ---- DC   ---- ---- ---- ----
Buteo sp Hawk ¿? Re ---- ---- DC   ---- ---- ---- ----
REPTILES
Crocodylus moreletii Morelet’s crocodile ¿? Ob P   ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- ----
Kinosternon sp. Mud turtle ¿? Ob; Re H   MD [b, m] MD [b] MD [b]
Trachemys scripta Red-eared slider Ka’a nix H; Re; F [m] F [m] F [m] F [m]
Ob MD [b] MD [b]
     H        
Crotalus durissus Tropical rattlesnake Ts’aab kaan Re MD [m, f, r] MD [m, f, r] MD [m, f, wb] MD [m, f, wb, mo]
  1. H = hunted; Ob = observed; Re = reported.
  2. Purpose of use: F = food; MD = medicine; T = tool; AD = adornment; P = pet; DC = damage control; H = husbandry; C = ceremonial/religious; S = sale.
  3. Part used: m = meat; b = blood; bo = bone; s = skull; ja = jaw; sk = skin; ha = hair; f = fat/oil; l = liver; bi = bile; h = hoof; g = genital; t = tail; sp = spine; ho = horn/antler; cr = crest/crown; sh = shell; he = heart; fe = feather; sr = spur; fa = fang; sg = scent gland; ex = excrement; mo = moult; r = rattle; wb = whole body.
  4. Species identified with field guides for mammals (Reid 2009) and birds (Howell and Webb 1995).
  5. 20NOV: 20 de Noviembre; NB: Nuevo Becal; XHZ + UHM: X-Hazil Sur + Uh May; CHV: Chankaj Veracruz.
  6. Data recorded between March 2010 and March 2011.