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Table 4 Negative values by sociodemographic variables

From: Human attitudes towards herpetofauna: The influence of folklore and negative values on the conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Portugal

  Sample Dependent variable: Negative values about reptiles Dependent variable: Negative values about amphibians
Demographics N % Mean SD F value p value Mean SD F value p value
Locale      .241 .624    4.342 .038
   - Urban 283 57 4.58 2.33    2.66 1.98   
   - Rural 231 43 4.68 1.84    3.01 1.76   
Gender      1.430 .232    35.760 .000
   - Male 261 51 4.51 2.27    2.33 1.61   
   - Female 253 49 4.74 1.97    3.29 2.02   
Education      1.731 .160    .547 .650
   - 4th grade 114 22 4.92 1.83    2.69 1.36   
   - 9th grade 199 40 4.50 2.34    2.94 2.07   
   - 12th grade 119 24 4.76 1.95    2.76 1.88   
   - BSc or Higher 69 14 4.29 2.14    2.74 2.06   
Age      .372 .774    1.672 .172
   - 0-14 years 95 18 4.52 2.13    3.15 2.09   
   - 15-24 years 141 27 4.52 1.80    2.84 2.03   
   - 25-64 years 162 32 4.70 2.19    2.77 2.06   
   - 65 or more years 116 23 4.74 2.38    2.57 1.11   
  1. a The scale for negativie values about reptiles and amphibians ranges from 0 (participant said that the statement about negative values about reptiles and amphibians did not apply to him/her) to 10 (participant said the statement totally applied to him/her)
  2. Cronbach's alpha for reptiles = 73%
  3. Cronbach's alpha for amphibians = 71%