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Table 1 Informant consensus factor (ICF) values of use category of multiple plants claimed as having medicinal values by informants of the three ethnic groups from South Omo zone, southern Ethiopia

From: Ethno-medicinal study of plants used for treatment of human and livestock ailments by traditional healers in South Omo, Southern Ethiopia

Use category Plant species Number of use citation* % of all citations ICF value
Anthrax Dombeya spp. (7), Achyrospremum schimperi (6), Tragia doryodes (5), Geranium aculeolatum (8) 26 6.5 0.88
Poisonous plants Solanum spp. (5), Oxalis corniculata (7) 12 2.9 0.91
Skin infections and external parasites Solanum incanum (6), Desmodium dichotomum (7), Laggera tomentosa (8), Geranium arabicum (6), Nicotiana tabacum (6), Premna schimperi (9), Calpurnia aurea (8) 50 12.4 0.88
Pain related illnesses Senna spp. (4), Tagetes spp. (9), Monsonia parvifolia (8), Plumbago caerulea (4), Desmodium delotum (3) 28 6.9 0.85
Malaria and anemia like syndrome with jaundice Carphalea glaucescens (5), Cissampeolos mucronata (6), Indigofera arrecta (6), Cissampelos spp. (2), Lantana trifolia (4), Luecas stachydiformis (2), Premna oligotricha (5), Droguetia iners (6), Zornia glochidiata (3), Galinsoga parviflora (3) 40 9.9 0.77
Abdominal/stomach disorders and internal parasites Pycnostachys meyeri (5), Zornia apiculata (4), Achyranthes aspera (4), Stereospermum kunthianum (7), Cissampelos pariera (6), Cissampelos capensis (3), Lagenaria siceraria (3), Momordica charantia (2), Tagetes minuta (6), Premna spp. (5), Salvia acuminata (4), Echinacea spp. (2), Pelargonium alchemilloides (5), Orthosiphon surmentosus (6), Mucuna melanocarpa (8), Sida spp. (5), Chasmanthera welwitschii (2), Rytigynia spp. (5), Zornia latifolia (3), Centella asiatica (3), Ipomoea eriocarpa (7), Chlaenandra ovata (2) 97 24.1 0.78
Snake bite/poisoning Alonsoa acutifolia (5), Plumbago pulchella (6), Opericulicarya gummifera (6), Plectranthus globosus (6), Barthlottia madagascariensis (3), Ludwigia abyssinica (6), Claoxylopsis andapensis (8), Carissa carandas (5), Hyparrhenia hirta (4), Verbena officinalis (5) 54 13.4 0.83
Mich and Megagna** Dobera spp. (6), Droguetia debilis (5), Justica dianthera (4) 15 3.7 0.86
Coughing in equines and ruminants Justicia diffusa (5), Solanum bellum (5), Datura stramonium (4), Vaccaria hispanica (6), Ozoroa insignis (6) 26 6.5 0.84
Removal of retained placenta Solanum acaule (2), Solanum acuminatum (3), Dovyalis spp. (5), Galinsoga quadriradiata (6), Colocasia esculenta (4), Plumbago zeylanica (6), Momordica spp. (2) 28 6.9 0.78
Evil eye Drymaria spp. (4), Plectranthus glabriflorus (3), Cissus quadrangularis (4), Cryptocarpus spp. (3), Colignonia ovalifolia (4), Achyrospermum africanum (5), Drymaria cordata (3), Plumbago auriculata (4), Chelonopsis moschata (2), Withania somnifera (3), Plumbago spp. (2) 37 9.2 0.72
Black leg Momordica foetida (7), Pentas suswaensis (8), Chasmanthera dependens (3) 18 4.5 0.88
Rabies Caylusea abyssinica (3) 3 0.7 1.00
Improve milk production in cows Indigofera trita (6) 6 1.4 1.00
  1. * Numbers in parenthesis indicate the number of citation of that plant by informants (traditional healers and community members) against a particular ailment category.
  2. ** Ailment characterized with fever, head ache and sweating.